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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
guard /gɑrd/USA pronunciation
v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to keep safe from harm or danger;
protect[~ + object]The dog guarded the house when no one was home.
- to keep under close watch, as in order to prevent escape[~ + object]The police officers guarded the prisoner.
- to keep under control as a matter of caution[~ + object]to guard one's temper.
- to keep secret; protect or hide[~ + object]guarded the secrets of his business.
- to provide or equip with some safeguard or protection: [~ + object]This ingredient guards your teeth against decay.[~ + against]The mouthwash guards against bad breath.
- Sport[~ ( + against) + object] to position oneself in some sport so as to obstruct or impede the movement or progress of (an opponent on offense).
- to provide means of protection[~ + against]The computer program should guard against errors.
- [countable] a person or group that guards, as one that keeps watch over prisoners or property.
- an act of guarding; a close watch[uncountable]under armed guard.
- a device, appliance, or attachment that prevents or minimizes injury, loss, etc.[countable]a guard for a goalie in hockey.
- [countable] either of the football linemen stationed between a tackle and the center, or either of the basketball players stationed in the backcourt.
British Terms[countable][Brit.]a railway conductor.
- [uncountable] the position played by this player:He played guard.
guard•er, n. [countable]
- Idiomsoff (one's) guard, unprepared; unwary:caught off guard.
- Idiomson (one's) guard, watching;
- Idiomsstand guard over, [~ + object] to watch over;
protect:stood guard over their wounded comrade.
- to keep safe from harm or danger;
watch over:to guard the ruler.
- to keep under close watch in order to prevent escape, misconduct, etc.:to guard a prisoner.
- to keep under control or restraint as a matter of caution or prudence:to guard one's temper.
- to provide or equip with some safeguard or protective appliance, as to prevent loss, injury, etc.
- Sport[Sports.]to position oneself so as to obstruct or impede the movement or progress of (an opponent on offense):The linebacker moved to his right to guard the end going out for a pass.
- Chess[Chess.]to protect (a piece or a square) by placing a piece in a supportive or defensive position relative to it.
- to take precautions (usually fol. by against):to guard against errors.
- to give protection; keep watch;
- a person or group of persons that guards, protects, or keeps a protective or restraining watch.
- a person who keeps watch over prisoners or others under restraint.
- a body of people, esp. soldiers, charged with guarding a place from disturbance, theft, fire, etc.
- a close watch, as over a prisoner or other person under restraint:to be kept under guard.
- a device, appliance, or attachment that prevents injury, loss, etc.
- something intended or serving to guard or protect;
safeguard:insurance as a guard against disasters.
- a posture of defense or readiness, as in fencing, boxing, or bayonet drill.
- either of the linemen stationed between a tackle and the center.
[Basketball.]either of the players stationed in the backcourt.
Chess, Games[Chess.]a piece that supports or defends another.
Games[Cards.]a low card that is held with a high card of the same suit and that enables the holder to save the high card for a later trick.
British Terms[Brit.]a railroad conductor.
MilitaryGuards, the name of certain bodies of troops in the British army.
Idiomsoff guard, unprepared; unwary:The blow from behind caught him off guard.Also,off one's guard.
Idiomson guard, vigilant;
- the position played by this lineman.
wary:on guard against dishonest merchants.Also,on one's guard.
Idiomsstand guard over, to watch over; protect:The dog stood guard over his wounded master.
1 . shield, shelter, safeguard;
- Gmc; see ward
- Old French g(u)arde, noun, nominal derivative of g(u)arder (verb, verbal)
- late Middle English garde guardianship 1375–1425
preserve, save. See defend. 3 . hold, watch. 9 . defender, protector;
guardsman, sentry, sentinel, patrol. 14 . defense, protection, aegis, security, safety;
1 . attack.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
guard /ɡɑːd/ vb
- to watch over or shield (a person or thing) from danger or harm; protect
- to keep watch over (a prisoner or other potentially dangerous person or thing), as to prevent escape
- (transitive) to control: to guard one's tongue
- (intransitive) usually followed by against: to take precautions
- to control entrance and exit through (a gate, door, etc)
- (transitive) to provide (machinery, etc) with a device to protect the operator
- (transitive) to protect or cover (a chess man or card) with another
- to protect or cover (a stone or bowl) by placing one's own stone or bowl between it and another player
Etymology: 15th Century: from Old French garde, from garder to protect, of Germanic origin; compare Spanish guardar; see wardˈguarder n
- a person or group who keeps a protecting, supervising, or restraining watch or control over people, such as prisoners, things, etc
Related adjective(s): custodial
- a person or group of people, such as soldiers, who form a ceremonial escort
- Brit the official in charge of a train
- the act or duty of protecting, restraining, or supervising
- (as modifier): guard duty
- a device, part, or attachment on an object, such as a weapon or machine tool, designed to protect the user against injury, as on the hilt of a sword or the trigger of a firearm
- anything that provides or is intended to provide protection: a guard against infection
- an article of light tough material worn to protect any of various parts of the body
- the posture of defence or readiness in fencing, boxing, cricket, etc
- off one's guard ⇒ having one's defences down; unprepared
- on one's guard ⇒ prepared to face danger, difficulties, etc
- stand guard ⇒ (of a military sentry, etc) to keep watch
- mount guard ⇒ (of a sentry) to begin to keep watch
- (with over) to take up a protective or defensive stance (over something)