hammer

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 [ˈhæmər]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
ham•mer /ˈhæmɚ/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. Buildinga tool consisting of a solid head set crosswise on a handle and used for driving nails, beating metals, etc.
  2. Buildingany of various instruments or devices resembling this in form, action, or use.
  3. Sporta metal ball attached to a steel wire at the end of which is a grip, for throwing in the sport called the hammer throw.

v. 
  1. Buildingto beat or drive (a nail, peg, etc.) with a hammer: [+ object]hammered a nail into the wall.[+ in + object]hammered in a nail.[+ object + in]The carpenter hammered a nail in.
  2. Buildingto fasten by using hammer and nails;
    nail: [+ object]hammered the door shut.
  3. Buildingto assemble or build with a hammer and nails: [+ together + object]to hammer together a small crate.[+ object + together]to hammer a small crate together.
  4. to shape or ornament (metal or a metal object) by controlled blows of a hammer;
    beat out:[+ object]hammered the metal into a horseshoe.
  5. to strike blows with or as if with a hammer:[no object]They hammered on the door.
  6. hammer away, [+ at + object]
    • to keep making hard-working attempts at something:hammered away at her speech for days.
    • to repeat in order to persuade:likes to hammer away at the importance of punctuality.
  7. hammer out: 
    • to form or construct by repeated, vigorous, or strong effort: [+ out + object]to hammer out an agreement acceptable to both sides.[+ object + out]They hammered it out in only a few hours.
    • to settle or resolve, as by vigorous or repeated effort: [+ out + object]hammered out their differences.[+ object + out]hammered their differences out.
    • to hit with force: [+ out + object]to hammer out a tune on the piano.[+ object + out]hammering it out over and over again.
ham•mer•er, n. [countable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
ham•mer  (hamər),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. Buildinga tool consisting of a solid head, usually of metal, set crosswise on a handle, used for beating metals, driving nails, etc.
  2. Buildingany of various instruments or devices resembling this in form, action, or use, as a gavel, a mallet for playing the xylophone, or a lever that strikes the bell in a doorbell.
  3. Military[Firearms.]the part of a lock that by its fall or action causes the discharge, as by exploding the percussion cap or striking the primer or firing pin;
    the cock.
  4. Music and Danceone of the padded levers by which the strings of a piano are struck.
  5. Sport[Track.]a metal ball, usually weighing 16 lb. (7.3 kg), attached to a steel wire at the end of which is a grip, for throwing for distance in the hammer throw.
  6. Anatomythe malleus.
  7. Idiomsunder the hammer, for sale at public auction:The old estate and all its furnishings went under the hammer.

v.t. 
  1. Buildingto beat or drive (a nail, peg, etc.) with a hammer.
  2. Buildingto fasten by using hammer and nails;
    nail (often fol. by down, up, etc.):We spent the day hammering up announcements on fences and trees.
  3. Buildingto assemble or build with a hammer and nails (often fol. by together):He hammered together a small crate.
  4. to shape or ornament (metal or a metal object) by controlled and repeated blows of a hammer;
    beat out:to hammer brass; to hammer a brass bowl.
  5. to form, construct, or make with or as if with a hammer;
    build by repeated, vigorous, or strenuous effort (often fol. by out or together):to hammer out an agreement; to hammer together a plot.
  6. to produce with or by force (often fol. by out):to hammer out a tune on the piano; to hammer a home run.
  7. to pound or hit forcefully:to hammer someone in the jaw.
  8. to settle (a strong disagreement, argument, etc.);
    bring to an end, as by strenuous or repeated effort (usually fol. by out):They hammered out their differences over a glass of beer.
  9. to present (points in an argument, an idea, etc.) forcefully or compellingly;
    state strongly, aggressively, and effectively (often fol. by home).
  10. to impress (something) as if by hammer blows:You'll have to hammer the rules into his head.
  11. Business[Brit.]
    • (in the London stock exchange) to dismiss (a person) from membership because of default.
    • to depress the price of (a stock).

v.i. 
  1. to strike blows with or as if with a hammer.
  2. to make persistent or laborious attempts to finish or perfect something (sometimes fol. by away):He hammered away at his speech for days.
  3. to reiterate;
    emphasize by repetition (often fol. by away):The teacher hammered away at the multiplication tables.
hammer•a•ble, adj. 
hammer•er, n. 
hammer•like′, adj. 
  • bef. 1000; Middle English hamer, Old English hamor; cognate with German Hammer hammer, Old Norse hamarr hammer, crag; origin, originally made of stone; probably akin to Russian kámen' stone
    • 13, 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged knock, bang.
    • 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged strike.
    • 15.See corresponding entry in Unabridged resolve, solve, thrash, work.

Ham•mer  (hamər),USA pronunciation n. 
  • BiographicalArmand, 1898–1990, U.S. businessman and art patron.


  • Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    hammer /ˈhæmə/ n
    1. a hand tool consisting of a heavy usually steel head held transversely on the end of a handle, used for driving in nails, beating metal, etc
    2. any tool or device with a similar function, such as the moving part of a door knocker, the striking head on a bell, etc
    3. a power-driven striking tool, esp one used in forging. A pneumatic hammer delivers a repeated blow from a pneumatic ram, a drop hammer uses the energy of a falling weight
    4. a part of a gunlock that rotates about a fulcrum to strike the primer or percussion cap, either directly or via a firing pin
    5. a heavy metal ball attached to a flexible wire: thrown in competitions
    6. the event or sport of throwing the hammer
    7. an auctioneer's gavel
    8. a device on a piano that is made to strike a string or group of strings causing them to vibrate
    9. the nontechnical name for malleus
    10. go under the hammer, come under the hammerto be offered for sale by an auctioneer
    11. hammer and tongswith great effort or energy: fighting hammer and tongs
    12. on someone's hammerAustral NZ slang persistently demanding and critical of someone
    vb
    1. to strike or beat (a nail, wood, etc) with or as if with a hammer
    2. (transitive) to shape or fashion with or as if with a hammer
    3. (tr; followed by in or into) to impress or force (facts, ideas, etc) into (someone) through constant repetition
    4. (intransitive) to feel or sound like hammering
    5. (intransitive) often followed by away: to work at constantly
    6. (transitive) Brit to criticize severely
    7. informal to inflict a defeat on
    8. (transitive) to announce the default of (a member)
    9. to cause prices of (securities, the market, etc) to fall by bearish selling
    Etymology: Old English hamor; related to Old Norse hamarr crag, Old High German hamar hammer, Old Slavonic kamy stone

    ˈhammer-ˌlike adj



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