WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
hard /hɑrd/USA pronunciation
adj. andadv., -er, -est.
solid and firm to the touch:The rock felt hard in his fist.
firmly formed; tight:a hard knot.
difficult to do or accomplish;
troublesome:a hard task.[It + be + ~ + to + verb]It was hard to do that task.[be + ~ + to + verb]You are hard to please.
involving a great deal of effort or energy:hard labor.
performing or carrying on work with great effort or energy:a hard worker.
violent in force; severe:took a hard fall.
a hard taskmaster.[be + ~ + on + object]Don't be so hard on your kids.
severe; austere:a hard winter.
[before a noun] difficult to explain away:hard facts.
[before a noun] factual or definitely true:hard information.
[before a noun] resentful; bitter:hard feelings.
[before a noun] examining closely;
searching:took a hard look at our finances.
lacking delicacy or softness; sharp:a face with hard features.
[before a noun] severe or demanding in terms:a hard bargain.
Chemistry(of water) containing mineral salts that interfere with the action of soap.
Economics[usually: before a noun] in coins or paper money as distinguished from checks, etc.:hard cash.
Business(of paper money) backed by gold reserves:hard currency.
(of alcoholic beverages)
Drugs[before a noun] (of an illegal narcotic or drug) causing physical addiction.
Phonetics(of the letters c and g) pronounced as (k) in come and (g) in go.
with great exertion:to work hard.
intently or critically:to look hard at a decision.
harshly or severely:workers were hit hard by the recession.
so as to be solid, tight, or firm:The ice was frozen hard.
in a deeply emotional manner:He took the news very hard.
- containing more than 22.5 percent alcohol by volume.
hard•ness, n. [uncountable]
- Idiomshard by, near; in close proximity to.
- Idiomshard put, [be + ~] barely able:We are hard put to pay the rent.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
hard /hɑːd/ adj
- firm or rigid; not easily dented, crushed, or pierced
- toughened by or as if by physical labour; not soft or smooth: hard hands
- difficult to do or accomplish; arduous: a hard task
- difficult to understand or perceive: a hard question
- showing or requiring considerable physical or mental energy, effort, or application: hard work, a hard drinker
- exacting; demanding: a hard master
- harsh; cruel: a hard fate
- inflicting pain, sorrow, distress, or hardship: hard times
- tough or adamant: a hard man
- forceful or violent: a hard knock
- cool or uncompromising: we took a long hard look at our profit factor
- indisputable; real: hard facts
- (of water) impairing the formation of a lather by soap
- practical, shrewd, or calculating: he is a hard man in business
- too harsh to be pleasant: hard light
- (of currency) in strong demand, esp as a result of a good balance of payments situation
- (of credit) difficult to obtain; tight
- (of alcoholic drink) being a spirit rather than a wine, beer, etc
- (of a drug such as heroin, morphine, or cocaine) highly addictive
- (of radiation, such as gamma rays and X-rays) having high energy and the ability to penetrate solids
- chiefly US (of goods) durable
- short for hard-core
- (not in modern technical usage) denoting the consonants c and g in English when they are pronounced as velar stops (k, g)
- being heavily fortified and protected
- (of nuclear missiles) located underground in massively reinforced silos
- politically extreme: the hard left
- Brit NZ informal incorrigible or disreputable (esp in the phrase a hard case)
- a hard nut to crack ⇒ a person not easily persuaded or won over
- a thing not easily understood
- hard by ⇒ near; close by
- hard up ⇒ informal in need of money; poor
- (followed by for) in great need (of): hard up for suggestions
- with great energy, force, or vigour: the team always played hard
- as far as possible; all the way: hard left
- with application; earnestly or intently: she thought hard about the formula
- with great intensity, force, or violence: his son's death hit him hard
- followed by on, upon, by, or after: close; near: hard on his heels
- (followed by at) assiduously; devotedly
- with effort or difficulty: their victory was hard won
- (in combination): hard-earned
- slowly and reluctantly: prejudice dies hard
- go hard with ⇒ to cause pain or difficulty to (someone)
- hard put, hard put to it ⇒ scarcely having the capacity (to do something)
Etymology: Old English heard; related to Old Norse harthr, Old Frisian herd, Old High German herti, Gothic hardus hard, Greek kratus strong
- Brit a roadway across a foreshore
- slang hard labour
- slang an erection of the penis (esp in the phrase get or have a hard on)
'hard' also found in these entries: