WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2014
hard /hɑrd/USA pronunciation adj. andadv., -er, -est.
adj.  not soft;
solid and firm to the touch:The rock felt hard in his fist.
firmly formed; tight:a hard knot. difficult to do or accomplish;
troublesome:a hard task.[It + be + ~ + to + verb]It was hard to do that task.[be + ~ + to + verb]You are hard to please.
involving a great deal of effort or energy:hard labor. performing or carrying on work with great effort or energy:a hard worker. violent in force; severe:took a hard fall. unfortunate:hard luck. harsh; rough;
cruel:hard treatment;
a hard taskmaster.
[be + ~ + on + object]Don't be so hard on your kids.
severe; austere:a hard winter. [before a noun] difficult to explain away:hard facts. [before a noun] factual or definitely true:hard information. [before a noun] resentful; bitter:hard feelings. [before a noun] examining closely;
searching:took a hard look at our finances.
lacking delicacy or softness; sharp:a face with hard features. [before a noun] severe or demanding in terms:a hard bargain. Chemistry(of water) containing mineral salts that interfere with the action of soap. Economics[usually: before a noun] in coins or paper money as distinguished from checks, etc.:hard cash. Business(of paper money) backed by gold reserves:hard currency. (of alcoholic beverages)

    containing more than 22.5 percent alcohol by volume.
Drugs[before a noun] (of an illegal narcotic or drug) causing physical addiction. Phonetics(of the letters c and g) pronounced as (k) in come and (g) in go.
adv.  with great exertion:to work hard. intently or critically:to look hard at a decision. harshly or severely:workers were hit hard by the recession. so as to be solid, tight, or firm:The ice was frozen hard. in a deeply emotional manner:He took the news very hard. idiom
    Idiomshard by, near; in close proximity to. Idiomshard put, [be + ~] barely able:We are hard put to pay the rent.

hard•ness, n. [uncountable]


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

hard /hɑːd/ adj
  1. firm or rigid; not easily dented, crushed, or pierced
  2. toughened by or as if by physical labour; not soft or smooth: hard hands
  3. difficult to do or accomplish; arduous: a hard task
  4. difficult to understand or perceive: a hard question
  5. showing or requiring considerable physical or mental energy, effort, or application: hard work, a hard drinker
  6. exacting; demanding: a hard master
  7. harsh; cruel: a hard fate
  8. inflicting pain, sorrow, distress, or hardship: hard times
  9. tough or adamant: a hard man
  10. forceful or violent: a hard knock
  11. cool or uncompromising: we took a long hard look at our profit factor
  12. indisputable; real: hard facts
  13. (of water) impairing the formation of a lather by soap
  14. practical, shrewd, or calculating: he is a hard man in business
  15. too harsh to be pleasant: hard light
  16. (of currency) in strong demand, esp as a result of a good balance of payments situation
  17. (of credit) difficult to obtain; tight
  18. (of alcoholic drink) being a spirit rather than a wine, beer, etc
  19. (of a drug such as heroin, morphine, or cocaine) highly addictive
  20. (of radiation, such as gamma rays and X-rays) having high energy and the ability to penetrate solids
  21. chiefly US (of goods) durable
  22. short for hard-core
  23. (not in modern technical usage) denoting the consonants c and g in English when they are pronounced as velar stops (k, g)
  24. being heavily fortified and protected
  25. (of nuclear missiles) located underground in massively reinforced silos
  26. politically extreme: the hard left
  27. Brit NZ informal incorrigible or disreputable (esp in the phrase a hard case)
  28. a hard nut to cracka person not easily persuaded or won over
  29. a thing not easily understood
  30. hard bynear; close by
  31. hard upinformal in need of money; poor
  32. (followed by for) in great need (of): hard up for suggestions
adv
  1. with great energy, force, or vigour: the team always played hard
  2. as far as possible; all the way: hard left
  3. with application; earnestly or intently: she thought hard about the formula
  4. with great intensity, force, or violence: his son's death hit him hard
  5. followed by on, upon, by, or after: close; near: hard on his heels
  6. (followed by at) assiduously; devotedly
  7. with effort or difficulty: their victory was hard won
  8. (in combination): hard-earned
  9. slowly and reluctantly: prejudice dies hard
  10. go hard withto cause pain or difficulty to (someone)
  11. hard put, hard put to itscarcely having the capacity (to do something)
n
  1. Brit a roadway across a foreshore
  2. slang hard labour
  3. slang an erection of the penis (esp in the phrase get or have a hard on)
Etymology: Old English heard; related to Old Norse harthr, Old Frisian herd, Old High German herti, Gothic hardus hard, Greek kratus strong



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