WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
hard /hɑrd/USA pronunciation adj. andadv., -er, -est.

adj. 
  • not soft;
    solid and firm to the touch:The rock felt hard in his fist.
  • firmly formed; tight:a hard knot.
  • difficult to do or accomplish;
    troublesome:a hard task.[It + be + ~ + to + verb]It was hard to do that task.[be + ~ + to + verb]You are hard to please.
  • involving a great deal of effort or energy:hard labor.
  • performing or carrying on work with great effort or energy:a hard worker.
  • violent in force; severe:took a hard fall.
  • unfortunate:hard luck.
  • harsh; rough;
    cruel:hard treatment;
    a hard taskmaster.
    [be + ~ + on + object]Don't be so hard on your kids.
  • severe; austere:a hard winter.
  • [before a noun] difficult to explain away:hard facts.
  • [before a noun] factual or definitely true:hard information.
  • [before a noun] resentful; bitter:hard feelings.
  • [before a noun] examining closely;
    searching:took a hard look at our finances.
  • lacking delicacy or softness; sharp:a face with hard features.
  • [before a noun] severe or demanding in terms:a hard bargain.
  • Chemistry(of water) containing mineral salts that interfere with the action of soap.
  • Economics[usually: before a noun] in coins or paper money as distinguished from checks, etc.:hard cash.
  • Business(of paper money) backed by gold reserves:hard currency.
  • (of alcoholic beverages)
    • containing more than 22.5 percent alcohol by volume.
  • Drugs[before a noun] (of an illegal narcotic or drug) causing physical addiction.
  • Phonetics(of the letters c and g) pronounced as (k) in come and (g) in go.

  • adv. 
  • with great exertion:to work hard.
  • intently or critically:to look hard at a decision.
  • harshly or severely:workers were hit hard by the recession.
  • so as to be solid, tight, or firm:The ice was frozen hard.
  • in a deeply emotional manner:He took the news very hard.
  • idiom
    1. Idiomshard by, near; in close proximity to.
    2. Idiomshard put, [be + ~] barely able:We are hard put to pay the rent.

    hard•ness, n. [uncountable]


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    hard /hɑːd/ adj
    1. firm or rigid; not easily dented, crushed, or pierced
    2. toughened by or as if by physical labour; not soft or smooth: hard hands
    3. difficult to do or accomplish; arduous: a hard task
    4. difficult to understand or perceive: a hard question
    5. showing or requiring considerable physical or mental energy, effort, or application: hard work, a hard drinker
    6. exacting; demanding: a hard master
    7. harsh; cruel: a hard fate
    8. inflicting pain, sorrow, distress, or hardship: hard times
    9. tough or adamant: a hard man
    10. forceful or violent: a hard knock
    11. cool or uncompromising: we took a long hard look at our profit factor
    12. indisputable; real: hard facts
    13. (of water) impairing the formation of a lather by soap
    14. practical, shrewd, or calculating: he is a hard man in business
    15. too harsh to be pleasant: hard light
    16. (of currency) in strong demand, esp as a result of a good balance of payments situation
    17. (of credit) difficult to obtain; tight
    18. (of alcoholic drink) being a spirit rather than a wine, beer, etc
    19. (of a drug such as heroin, morphine, or cocaine) highly addictive
    20. (of radiation, such as gamma rays and X-rays) having high energy and the ability to penetrate solids
    21. chiefly US (of goods) durable
    22. short for hard-core
    23. (not in modern technical usage) denoting the consonants c and g in English when they are pronounced as velar stops (k, g)
    24. being heavily fortified and protected
    25. (of nuclear missiles) located underground in massively reinforced silos
    26. politically extreme: the hard left
    27. Brit NZ informal incorrigible or disreputable (esp in the phrase a hard case)
    28. a hard nut to cracka person not easily persuaded or won over
    29. a thing not easily understood
    30. hard bynear; close by
    31. hard upinformal in need of money; poor
    32. (followed by for) in great need (of): hard up for suggestions
    adv
    1. with great energy, force, or vigour: the team always played hard
    2. as far as possible; all the way: hard left
    3. with application; earnestly or intently: she thought hard about the formula
    4. with great intensity, force, or violence: his son's death hit him hard
    5. followed by on, upon, by, or after: close; near: hard on his heels
    6. (followed by at) assiduously; devotedly
    7. with effort or difficulty: their victory was hard won
    8. (in combination): hard-earned
    9. slowly and reluctantly: prejudice dies hard
    10. go hard withto cause pain or difficulty to (someone)
    11. hard put, hard put to itscarcely having the capacity (to do something)
    n
    1. Brit a roadway across a foreshore
    2. slang hard labour
    3. slang an erection of the penis (esp in the phrase get or have a hard on)
    Etymology: Old English heard; related to Old Norse harthr, Old Frisian herd, Old High German herti, Gothic hardus hard, Greek kratus strong



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