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have a strong effect


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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
have /hæv; unstressed həv, əv;
for 26. usually hæf/USA pronunciation
   v. and auxiliary v., pres. sing. 1st and 2nd pers.  have, 3rd  has;
 pres. pl.  have;
 past and past part.  had;
 pres. part.  hav•ing, n. 

v. [+ object]
  1. to possess;
    own;
    hold for use;
    contain:[not: be + ~-ing]I have very little property. She has green eyes.
  2. to accept in some relation:[not: be + ~-ing]He wants to marry her, if she'll have him.
  3. to get;
    receive;
    take:[not: be + ~-ing]I have some bad news.
  4. to gain possession of:[not: be + ~-ing]There are no apples to be had at that price.
  5. to experience, undergo, suffer, or endure:Have a good time; had a bad cold.[not: be + ~-ing] [+ object + verb-ed/-en]He had several cars stolen from him.[+ object + root form of verb]It would be nice to have my children speak Italian.[+ object + verb-ing]had the children speaking Italian in no time.
  6. to cause to be done or to happen, as by command or invitation: [+ object + root form of verb]Have him come here at five.[+ object + verb-ed/-en]We were having the kitchen redone.[+ object + verb-ing]She had me running back and forth all day.
  7. to hold or put in a certain position or situation:[+ object + verb-ed/-en;  not: be + ~-ing]The problem had me stumped.
  8. [not: be + ~-ing] to be responsible for:She has a lot of homework.[+ object + to + verb]I have a letter to write.
  9. to hold in mind, sight, etc.:They were having doubts about his abilities.
  10. to be in a certain relation to:[not: be + ~-ing]She has three cousins.
  11. to show in action or words:[not: be + ~-ing]She had the nerve to refuse my invitation.
  12. to be distinguished by;
    characterized by:[not: be + ~-ing]This wool has a silky texture.
  13. to engage in;
    carry on:to have a conversation.
  14. to eat or drink:We had cake for dessert.
  15. to permit;
    allow:I will not have any talking during the concert.
  16. The word have is used with certain subjects, such as rumor, gossip, and talk, to mean that the following statement is an opinion or states a fact:[often: ~ + it + (that) clause;  not: be + ~-ing]Rumor has it that she's moving.
  17. The word have is used with certain subjects, such as I, we, you, one, and they, to mean much the same thing as the expression "there is'' or "there are,'' namely, that the object after have exists, or that the object is under consideration for discussion:Let's see what we have here (= Let's see what there is here).
  18. Do not use the word there with the verb have for this meaning;
    there is used with the verb be to mean "exist.''
  19. to beget or give birth to:going to have a baby.
  20. to hold an advantage over:[not: be + ~-ing]He has you there.
  21. to outwit;
    deceive;
    cheat:We'd been had by a con artist.
  22. to exercise;
    display;
    show:Have pity on them.
  23. to invite or cause to be present as a companion or guest:We had friends over for dinner.
  24. to engage in sexual relations with.

auxiliary verb. 
  1. The verb have is used as an auxiliary verb with a past participle of another verb to form:
    • the present perfect tense, which, esp. with adverbs such as just, already, and since, shows that an action happened in the past, esp. the recent past, or its effects are still felt at the time of speaking or writing:I have just eaten (= I ate in the very recent past). I've known her ever since she came to the United States (= I knew her when she came to the United States, and I still know her now).
    • the past perfect tense, which shows that the action of that verb happened earlier in time than another verb:By the time the police came to the house, the crooks had already left (= The action of the crooks took place earlier than the action of the police).
  2. The verb have is used with to and the root form of a main verb to mean "must;
    to be required, compelled, or under obligation'':I have to leave now (= I must leave now).
  3. The verb have is used to stand for or replace another entire verb phrase that contains have in it
    • when answering a question:Have you been there before? —No, I haven't.
    • when asking for agreement from the listener:We've been there before, haven't we?

n. [countable]
  1. Usually,  haves. [plural] a person or group that has wealth or other material advantages (contrasted with have-not ):The haves in this society are not about to give up their wealth.
Idioms
  1. Idiomshave done with, [ + obj] to cease;
    finish:It seemed that they would never have done with their problems.
  2. Idiomshave had it: 
    • Idioms[~ (+ with + object)] to be tired and disgusted:I've had it with your excuses.
    • [no object] to be ready for discarding, as something old or no longer useful or popular:These old computers have had it.
  3. Idiomshave it coming, [~ (+ to + object)] to deserve whatever one receives:We weren't surprised by his sudden fall from power; he had it coming to him for a long time.
  4. have it in one, to show (the ability or capability mentioned):She never knew he had it in him to be so funny.
  5. Idiomshave it in for, [+ object] to wish harm to:certain the boss had it in for her.
  6. Idiomshave it out, [~ (+ with + object)] to reach an understanding through fighting or arguing freely:had it out with his critics.
  7. have on: 
    • [not: be + ~-ing] to wear: [+ object + on]She had a bathing suit on.[+ on + object]He had on a wrinkled old shirt.
    • [not: be + ~-ing] to have (something) switched on: [+ object + on]They had their music on very loud.[+ on + object]He had on the vacuum cleaner so he didn't hear the bell.
    • [ + obj + on][Chiefly Brit.]to tease or fool (a person):We were having him on about the award.
  8. Idiomshave to do with, [+ object]
    • to be associated with:Your ambition had a lot to do with your success.
    • to deal with:I won't have anything to do with her until she apologizes.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
have  (hav;[unstressed]həv, əv* [for 26 usually]haf ),USA pronunciation v.  and auxiliary v., pres. sing. 1st pers.  have, 2nd  have  or ([Archaic])  hast, 3rd  has  or ([Archaic])  hath, pres. pl.  have*  past sing. 1st pers.  had, 2nd  had  or ([Archaic]) ) hadst  or  had•dest, 3rd  had, past pl.  had;
 past part.  had;
 pres. part.  hav•ing, n. 

v.t. 
  1. to possess;
    own;
    hold for use;
    contain:He has property. The work has an index.
  2. to hold, possess, or accept in some relation, as of kindred or relative position:He wanted to marry her, but she wouldn't have him.
  3. to get, receive, or take:to have a part in a play; to have news.
  4. to experience, undergo, or endure, as joy or pain:Have a good time. He had a heart attack last year.
  5. to hold in mind, sight, etc.:to have doubts.
  6. to cause to, as by command or invitation:Have him come here at five.
  7. to be related to or be in a certain relation to:She has three cousins. He has a kind boss.
  8. to show or exhibit in action or words:She had the crust to refuse my invitation.
  9. to be identified or distinguished by;
    possess the characteristic of:He has a mole on his left cheek. This wood has a silky texture.
  10. to engage in or carry on:to have a talk; to have a fight.
  11. to partake of;
    eat or drink:He had cake and coffee for dessert.
  12. to permit or allow:I will not have any talking during the concert.
  13. to assert, maintain, or represent as being:Rumor has it that she's going to be married.
  14. to know, understand, or be skilled in:to have neither Latin nor Greek.
  15. to beget or give birth to:to have a baby.
  16. to hold an advantage over:He has you there.
  17. to outwit, deceive, or cheat:We realized we'd been had by an expert con artist.
  18. to control or possess through bribery;
    bribe.
  19. to gain possession of:There is none to be had at that price.
  20. to hold or put in a certain position or situation:The problem had me stumped. They had him where they wanted him.
  21. to exercise, display, or make use of:Have pity on him.
  22. to invite or cause to be present as a companion or guest:We had Evelyn and Everett over for dinner. He has his bodyguard with him at all times.
  23. to engage in sexual intercourse with.

v.i. 
  1. to be in possession of money or wealth:There are some who have and some who have not.

auxiliary verb. 
  1. (used with a past participle to form perfect tenses):She has gone. It would have been an enjoyable party if he hadn't felt downcast.
  2. to be required, compelled, or under obligation (fol. by infinitival to, with or without a main verb):I have to leave now. I didn't want to study, but I had to.
  3. Idiomshad better or  best, ought to:You'd better go now, it's late.
  4. Idiomshad rather. See  rather (def. 8).
  5. have at, to go at vigorously;
    attack:First he decided to have at his correspondence.
  6. Idiomshave done, to cease;
    finish:It seemed that they would never have done with their struggle.
  7. Idiomshave had it: 
    • to become weary of or disgusted with whatever one has been doing:I've been working like a fool, but now I've had it.
    • to suffer defeat;
      fail:He was a great pitcher, but after this season he'll have had it.
    • to have missed a last opportunity:He refused to take any more excuses and told them all that they'd had it.
    • to become unpopular or passé:Quiz shows have had it.
  8. Idiomshave it coming, to merit or deserve:When they lost their fortune, everyone said that they had it coming.
  9. Idiomshave it in for, to plan or wish to do something unpleasant to;
    hold a grudge against:She has it in for intelligent students who fail to use their abilities.
  10. Idiomshave it out, to come to an understanding or decision through discussion or combat:We've been in disagreement about this for a long time, and I think we should have it out, once and for all.
  11. Idiomshave on: 
    • to be clothed in;
      be wearing:She had on a new dress.
    • to have arranged or planned:What do you have on for Christmas?
    • to tease (a person);
      make the butt of a joke. Cf. put (def. 34).
  12. Idiomshave to do with: 
    • to be connected or associated with:Your lack of confidence probably had a lot to do with your not getting the job.
    • to deal with;
      be concerned with:I will have nothing to do with their personal squabbles.
  13. Idiomsto have and to hold, to possess legally;
    have permanent possession of:The house, with the mortgage finally paid, was at last their own to have and to hold.

n. 
  1. Usually,  haves. an individual or group that has wealth, social position, or other material benefits (contrasted with have-not).
  • bef. 900; Middle English haven, habben, Old English habban; cognate with German haben, Old Norse hafa, Gothic haban to have; perh. akin to heave
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Have, hold, occupy, own, possess mean to be, in varying degrees, in possession of something.
      Have, being the most general word, admits of the widest range of application:to have money, rights, discretion, a disease, a glimpse, an idea; to have a friend's umbrella.To
      hold is to have in one's grasp or one's control, but not necessarily as one's own:to hold stakes.To
      occupy is to hold and use, but not necessarily by any right of ownership:to occupy a chair, a house, a position.To
      own is to have the full rights of property in a thing, which, however, another may be holding or enjoying:to own a house that is rented to tenants.Possess is a more formal equivalent for
      own and suggests control, and often occupation, of large holdings:to possess vast territories.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged obtain, gain, secure, procure.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged lack.
    See  of. 

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
buzz1 /bʌz/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. a low, humming sound, as of bees or machinery:The buzz of the machinery stopped suddenly.
  2. lively or excited activity:the buzz in the room before class.
  3. Informal TermsInformal. a phone call: I'll give you a buzz tonight.
  4. Slang Termsa feeling of happiness caused by slight drinking;
    pleasant intoxication:a slight buzz from the beer.

v. 
  1. to (cause to) make a low, vibrating, humming sound: [no object]The flies buzzed in the barnyard.[+ object]The fly buzzed its wings.
  2. to be filled with such a sound, as a room:[no object]The dining hall buzzed with excitement.
  3. [no object] to whisper;
    gossip: The town is buzzing about the scandal.
  4. to move busily from place to place:[no object]He buzzed around town.
  5. to signal or summon with a buzzer: She buzzed her secretary.
  6. Informal Terms[~[ + object] Informal. to make a phone call to:Is it OK if I buzz you tonight?
  7. [+ object] to fly a plane very low over: to buzz a stadium.
  8. Slang Termsbuzz off , [no object] Slang. to go;
    leave:told him to buzz off.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
buzz1  (buz),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. a low, vibrating, humming sound, as of bees, machinery, or people talking.
  2. a rumor or report.
  3. Informal Termsa phone call:When I find out, I'll give you a buzz.
  4. Slang Terms
    • a feeling of intense enthusiasm, excitement, or exhilaration:I got a terrific buzz from those Pacific sunsets.
    • a feeling of slight intoxication.
  5. Slang Termshave or  get  a buzz on, to be slightly intoxicated:After a few beers they all had a buzz on.

v.i. 
  1. to make a low, vibrating, humming sound.
  2. to speak or murmur with such a sound.
  3. to be filled with the sound of buzzing or whispering:The room buzzed.
  4. to whisper;
    gossip:Everyone is buzzing about the scandal.
  5. to move busily from place to place.
  6. Slang Termsto go;
    leave (usually fol. by off or along):I'll buzz along now. Tell him to buzz off and leave me alone.

v.t. 
  1. to make a buzzing sound with:The fly buzzed its wings.
  2. to tell or spread (a rumor, gossip, etc.) secretively.
  3. to signal or summon with a buzzer:He buzzed his secretary.
  4. Informal Termsto make a phone call to.
  5. [Aeron.]
    • to fly a plane very low over:to buzz a field.
    • to signal or greet (someone) by flying a plane low and slowing the motor spasmodically.
buzzing•ly, adv. 
  • 1350–1400; Middle English busse; imitative

buzz2  (buz),USA pronunciation n. [Slang.]
  1. a man's very short haircut;
    crew cut.
  • origin, originally uncertain


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

have /hæv/ vb (has, having, had)(mainly tr)
  1. to be in material possession of; own: he has two cars
  2. to possess as a characteristic quality or attribute: he has dark hair
  3. to receive, take, or obtain: she had a present from him, have a look
  4. to hold or entertain in the mind: to have an idea
  5. to possess a knowledge or understanding of: I have no German
  6. to experience or undergo: to have a shock
  7. to be infected with or suffer from: to have a cold
  8. to gain control of or advantage over: you have me on that point
  9. (usually passive) slang to cheat or outwit: he was had by that dishonest salesman
  10. (followed by on) to exhibit (mercy, compassion, etc, towards)
  11. to engage or take part in: to have a conversation
  12. to arrange, carry out, or hold: to have a party
  13. to cause, compel, or require to (be, do, or be done): have my shoes mended
  14. (takes an infinitive with to) used as an auxiliary to express compulsion or necessity: I had to run quickly to escape him
  15. to eat, drink, or partake of
  16. slang to have sexual intercourse with
  17. (used with a negative) to tolerate or allow: I won't have all this noise
  18. to declare, state, or assert: rumour has it that they will marry
  19. to put or place: I'll have the sofa in this room
  20. to receive as a guest: to have three people to stay
  21. to beget or bear (offspring)
  22. (takes a past participle) used as an auxiliary to form compound tenses expressing completed action: I have gone, I shall have gone, I would have gone, I had gone
  23. had rather, had soonerto consider or find preferable that: I had rather you left at once
  24. have had itinformal to be exhausted, defeated, or killed
  25. to have lost one's last chance
  26. to become unfashionable
  27. have it away, have it offBrit slang to have sexual intercourse
  28. have it so goodto have so many benefits, esp material benefits
  29. have to do withto have dealings or associate with
  30. to be of relevance to
  31. let someone have itslang to launch or deliver an attack on, esp to discharge a firearm at someone
n
  1. (usually plural) a person or group of people in possession of wealth, security, etc: the haves and the have-nots

See also have at, have onEtymology: Old English habban; related to Old Norse hafa, Old Saxon hebbian, Old High German habēn, Latin habēre




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