- the past tense and past participle of hold1
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
pt. and pp. of hold1.
grasp:I held her hand as we crossed the street.
keep back:Please hold your applause.
reserve:Your tickets are being held at the counter.
not: be + ~-ing] to contain or be capable of containing:This bottle holds a quart.
have or express the belief of: [~ + object]He held an opposing view.[~ + that clause]Copernicus held that the earth revolves around the sun.
not: be + ~-ing] to decide legally:The court held that the law was valid.
sustain:The soprano held that high note for fifteen seconds.
- to restrain; check;
keep in control: [~ + back + object]to hold back tears.[~ + object + back]couldn't hold the tears back any longer.
- to slow down, prevent, or stop the advancement of: [~ + object + back]Nothing could hold them back from success.[~ + back + object]What could hold back her career now?
- to keep from giving or revealing; withhold: [~ + back + object]to hold back information.[~ + object + back]holding information back.
- [no object] to keep from doing or taking action:The police held back from attacking the rioters.
- to keep under control or at a low level: [~ + down + object]to hold down interest rates.[~ + object + down]to hold interest rates down.
- [~ + down + object] to continue to function in:to hold down a job.
- to keep at a distance; keep back;
repel: [~ + off + object]The troops held off the latest assault.[~ + object + off]They held the enemy off.
- [no object] to postpone action; put off plans until later;
defer:Let's hold off on that proposal for now.
- to keep a firm grip on something:He took my arm and held on tightly.
- to keep going; continue:The troops can hold on for another few days.
- to keep a telephone connection open:Can you hold on while I see if he's here?
- [~ + out + object] to present; offer:When I said hello to them, they held out their hands in greeting.
- [no object] to continue to last:Will the food hold out?
- [no object] to refuse to give in:We are holding out for higher wages.
- [no object] to withhold something expected or due:You'd better not be holding out on me.
- to keep for future discussion, consideration, or action: [~ + object + over]We'll hold that discussion over for our next meeting.[~ + over + object]We'll hold over that discussion for later.
- to keep beyond the arranged period: [~ + object + over]to hold a movie over for an extra week.[~ + over + object]held over the movie.
- to support; uphold: [~ + up + object]What holds up the bridge?[~ + object + up]What holds the bridge up?
- to delay; bring to a stop: [~ + up + object]Something is holding up the work.[~ + object + up]Something held the work up.
- [no object] to endure; last;
continue without losing strength or ability;
persevere:How are you holding up under the strain?
- to present for attention;
display: [~ + up + object]to hold up the youngest daughter as a model of good behavior.[~ + object + up]to hold her up as a model of good behavior.
- to rob at gunpoint: [~ + up + object]to hold up a store.[~ + object + up]He held them up and took their money.
- to grasp; seize:got hold of the line and pulled.
- to find or obtain:Where can they get hold of the art supplies they need?
- to communicate with by telephone:I couldn't get hold of you last week.
- Idiomsno holds barred, without limits:It would be a fight to the finish, no holds barred.
- into a state of interruption or waiting:The plans were put on hold indefinitely.
- into a state of being kept waiting by a telephone hold:I've been on hold for a few minutes.
hold•er, n. [countable]
hold2 /hoʊld/USA pronunciation n. [countable]
- Naval Termsthe cargo space in the hull of a vessel.
- Aeronauticsthe cargo compartment of an aircraft.
- to have or keep (an object) with or within the hands, arms, etc; clasp
- (transitive) to support or bear: to hold a drowning man's head above water
- to maintain or be maintained in a specified state or condition: to hold one's emotions in check, hold firm
- (transitive) to set aside or reserve: they will hold our tickets until tomorrow
- (when intr, usually used in commands) to restrain or be restrained from motion, action, departure, etc: hold that man until the police come
- (intransitive) to remain fast or unbroken: that cable won't hold much longer
- (intransitive) (of the weather) to remain dry and bright
- (transitive) to keep the attention of
- (transitive) to engage in or carry on: to hold a meeting
- (transitive) to have the ownership, possession, etc, of: he holds a law degree from London, who's holding the ace of spades?
- (transitive) to have the use of or responsibility for: to hold the office of director
- (transitive) to have the space or capacity for: the carton will hold only eight books
- (transitive) to be able to control the outward effects of drinking beer, spirits, etc
- often followed by to or by: to remain or cause to remain committed to: hold him to his promise, he held by his views in spite of opposition
- (tr; takes a clause as object) to claim: he holds that the theory is incorrect
- (intransitive) to remain relevant, valid, or true: the old philosophies don't hold nowadays
- (transitive) to regard or consider in a specified manner: I hold him very dear
- (transitive) to guard or defend successfully: hold the fort against the attack
- (sometimes followed by on) to sustain the sound of (a note) throughout its specified duration
- (transitive) to retain (data) in a storage device after copying onto another storage device or onto another location in the same device
- hold for, hold good for ⇒ to apply or be relevant to: the same rules hold for everyone
- there is no holding him ⇒ he is so spirited or resolute that he cannot be restrained
- the act or method of holding fast or grasping, as with the hands
- something to hold onto, as for support or control
- an object or device that holds fast or grips something else so as to hold it fast
- controlling force or influence: she has a hold on him
- a short delay or pause
- a prison or a cell in a prison
- a way of seizing one's opponent
- a pause or fermata
- a tenure or holding, esp of land
- (in combination): leasehold, freehold, copyhold
- archaic a fortified place
- no holds barred ⇒ all limitations removed
See also hold back, hold down, hold forth, hold in, hold off, hold on, hold out, hold over, hold-up, hold withEtymology: Old English healdan; related to Old Norse halla, Gothic haldan, German halten
- the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo