hurdle

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 /ˈh3ːdl/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
hur•dle /ˈhɝdəl/USA pronunciation   n., v., -dled, -dling. 

n. 
  1. Sport[countable] a fencelike barrier or frame over which racers or horses must jump in certain races.
  2. Sporthurdles, [uncountable;
    used with a singular verb]
    a track race in which racers leap hurdles.
  3. [countable] a difficulty to be overcome;
    obstacle.

v. [+ object]
  1. to leap over (a barrier), as in a race:He hurdled the bars easily.
  2. to overcome; surmount:He hurdled the last obstacle to success.
hur•dler, n. [countable]

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
hur•dle  (hûrdl), 
n., v., -dled, -dling. 

n. 
  1. Sporta portable barrier over which contestants must leap in certain running races, usually a wooden frame with a hinged inner frame that swings down under impact to prevent injury to a runner who does not clear it.
  2. Sporthurdles, (used with a sing. v.) a race in which contestants must leap over a number of such barriers placed at specific intervals around the track. Cf. high hurdles, low hurdles.
  3. Sportany of various vertical barriers, as a hedge, low wall, or section of fence, over which horses must jump in certain types of turf races, as a steeplechase, but esp. an artificial barrier.
  4. a difficult problem to be overcome;
    obstacle.
  5. British Terms[Chiefly Brit.]a movable rectangular frame of interlaced twigs, crossed bars, or the like, as for a temporary fence.
  6. a frame or sled on which criminals, esp. traitors, were formerly drawn to the place of execution.

v.t. 
  1. to leap over (a hurdle, barrier, fence, etc.), as in a race.
  2. to master (a difficulty, problem, etc.);
    overcome.
  3. to construct with hurdles;
    enclose with hurdles.

v.i. 
  1. to leap over a hurdle or other barrier.
Etymology:bef. 900;
Middle English hirdel, hurdel (noun, nominal), Old English hyrdel, equivalent. to hyrd- + -el noun, nominal suffix;
compare German Hürde hurdle;
akin to Latin crātis hurdle, wickerwork, Greek kýrtos basket, cage, Sanskrit kṛt spin
hurdler, n. 


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

hurdle /ˈhɜːdəl/ n
  1. one of a number of light barriers over which runners leap in certain events
  2. a low barrier used in certain horse races
  3. an obstacle to be overcome
  4. a light framework of interlaced osiers, wattle, etc, used as a temporary fence
  5. Brit a sledge on which criminals were dragged to their executions
vb
  1. to jump (a hurdle, etc), as in racing
  2. (transitive) to surround with hurdles
  3. (transitive) to overcome
Etymology: Old English hyrdel; related to Gothic haurds door, Old Norse hurth door, Old High German hurd, Latin crātis, Greek kurtos basket

ˈhurdler n



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