/liːd, led/

For the verb: "to lead"

Simple Past: led
Past Participle: led

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
lead1 /lid/USA pronunciation   v., led/lɛd/USA pronunciation  lead•ing, n., adj. 

  1. to go before or with to show the way;
    conduct or escort;
    guide: [+ object]The captain led his troops over the hill.[no object]If you lead, I will follow.
  2. to conduct by guiding[+ object]to lead a horse by a rope.
  3. to influence (the thoughts); cause[+ object]What led her to change her mind?
  4. to result in;
    tend toward[+ to + object]The incident led to her resignation.
  5. to guide in direction, course, action, opinion, etc.; bring[+ object]You can lead him around to your point of view.
  6. to go through or pass (time, life, etc.)[+ object]to lead a full and happy life.
  7. to conduct in a particular course[+ object]The pipes led the water directly to the sewer.
  8. (of a road, passage, etc.) to serve to bring (a person) to a place: [+ object]The next street will lead you to the post office.[+ to + object]That path leads directly to the house.
  9. to take or bring[+ object]The visitors were led into the senator's office.
  10. to be in command of; direct[+ object]He led the British forces during the war.
  11. to go at the head of or in advance of[+ object]The mayor will lead the parade.
  12. to have first place in: [+ object]Iowa leads the nation in corn production.[no object]His party was leading in the polls.
  13. to direct or have the principal part in[+ object]Who is going to lead the discussion?
  14. [+ object] to act as leader of (an orchestra, band, etc.); conduct.
  15. Gamesto begin a hand in a card game (with a card or suit specified): [+ object]I'll lead diamonds.[no object]The player to the dealer's left is supposed to lead.
  16. lead off: 
      • to begin; start: [+ off + object]Let's lead off the meeting with a prayer.[no object]The meeting led off with a prayer.
      • [Baseball.]to be the first player in (the batting order) or the first batter in (an inning): [+ off + object]He led off the game with a home run.[no object]He led off, and promptly singled.
  17. lead on, to mislead: [+ object + on]led him on into thinking he had the job.[+ on + object]He'd led on dozens of customers.

n. [countable]
  1. the first or foremost place:to take the lead in the race.
  2. the extent of such an advance position:a lead of several yards.
  3. a person or thing that leads.
  4. a leash:The dog was on a short lead.
  5. a piece of useful information:The reporter got a lead on the story from a bystander.
  6. example; leadership:He took the lead in the charity drive.
      • the principal part in a play.
      • the person who plays it.
      • the act or right of playing first in a card game.
      • the card, suit, etc., so played.
  7. Journalismthe opening paragraph of a newspaper story, serving as a summary.
  8. Electricityan insulated single wire used as a conductor in electrical connections.

adj. [before a noun]
  1. most important;
    first:a lead editorial.
    lead up to, [+ object]
      • to prepare the way for:A number of events led up to the stock market crash.
      • to approach gradually:He was slowly leading up to a request for a raise.

lead2 /lɛd/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. Chemistrya heavy, soft, bluish-gray metal that can be shaped easily.
  2. bullets;
    shot:shot the victim full of lead.
  3. Chemistrygraphite, esp. a thin stick of graphite used in a pencil.

v. [+ object]
  1. to cover, line, weight, or treat with lead or one of its compounds.
  1. Idiomsget the lead out, [no object][Slang.]to move or work faster;
    hurry up.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
lead1  (lēd), 
v., led, lead•ing, n., adj. 

  1. to go before or with to show the way;
    conduct or escort:to lead a group on a cross-country hike.
  2. to conduct by holding and guiding:to lead a horse by a rope.
  3. to influence or induce; cause:Subsequent events led him to reconsider his position.
  4. to guide in direction, course, action, opinion, etc.;
    bring:You can lead her around to your point of view if you are persistent.
  5. to conduct or bring (water, wire, etc.) in a particular course.
  6. (of a road, passage, etc.) to serve to bring (a person) to a place:The first street on the left will lead you to Andrews Place.
  7. to take or bring:The prisoners were led into the warden's office.
  8. to command or direct (an army or other large organization):He led the Allied forces during the war.
  9. to go at the head of or in advance of (a procession, list, body, etc.); proceed first in:The mayor will lead the parade.
  10. to be superior to;
    have the advantage over:The first baseman leads his teammates in runs batted in.
  11. to have top position or first place in:Iowa leads the nation in corn production.
  12. to have the directing or principal part in:The minister will now lead us in prayer. He led a peace movement.
  13. to act as leader of (an orchestra, band, etc.); conduct.
  14. to go through or pass (time, life, etc.):to lead a full life.
  15. Games[Cards.]to begin a round, game, etc., with (a card or suit specified).
  16. to aim and fire a firearm or cannon ahead of (a moving target) in order to allow for the travel of the target while the bullet or shell is reaching it.
  17. Sport[Football.]to throw a lead pass to (an intended receiver):The quarterback led the left end.

  1. to act as a guide; show the way:You lead and we'll follow.
  2. to afford passage to a place:That path leads directly to the house.
  3. to go first; be in advance:The band will lead and the troops will follow.
  4. to result in;
    tend toward (usually fol. by to):The incident led to his resignation. One remark often leads to another.
  5. to take the directing or principal part.
  6. to take the offensive:The contender led with a right to the body.
  7. Games[Cards.]to make the first play.
  8. to be led or submit to being led, as a horse:A properly trained horse will lead easily.
  9. Sport[Baseball.](of a base runner) to leave a base before the delivery of a pitch in order to reach the next base more quickly (often fol. by away).
  10. Gameslead back, to play (a card) from a suit that one's partner led.
  11. lead off: 
      • to take the initiative; begin.
      • [Baseball.]to be the first player in the batting order or the first batter in an inning.
    lead on: 
      • to induce to follow an unwise course of action;
      • to cause or encourage to believe something that is not true.
    lead out: 
      • to make a beginning.
      • to escort a partner to begin a dance:He led her out and they began a rumba.
  12. Idiomslead someone a chase or dance, to cause someone difficulty by forcing to do irksome or unnecessary things.
  13. lead the way. See way (def. 35).
  14. lead up to: 
      • to prepare the way for.
      • to approach (a subject, disclosure, etc.) gradually or evasively:I could tell by her allusions that she was leading up to something.

  1. the first or foremost place; position in advance of others:He took the lead in the race.
  2. the extent of such an advance position:He had a lead of four lengths.
  3. a person or thing that leads.
  4. a leash.
  5. a suggestion or piece of information that helps to direct or guide; tip;
    clue:I got a lead on a new job. The phone list provided some great sales leads.
  6. a guide or indication of a road, course, method, etc., to follow.
  7. precedence;
    leadership:They followed the lead of the capital in their fashions.
  8. [Theat.]
      • the principal part in a play.
      • the person who plays it.
      • the act or right of playing first, as in a round.
      • the card, suit, etc., so played.
      • a short summary serving as an introduction to a news story, article, or other copy.
      • the main and often most important news story.
  9. Electricity[Elect.]an often flexible and insulated single conductor, as a wire, used in connections between pieces of electric apparatus.
  10. the act of taking the offensive.
  11. [Naut.]
      • the direction of a rope, wire, or chain.
      • Also called leader. any of various devices for guiding a running rope.
  12. Nautical, Naval Terms[Naval Archit.]the distance between the center of lateral resistance and the center of effort of a sailing ship, usually expressed decimally as a fraction of the water-line length.
  13. an open channel through a field of ice.
  14. [Mining.]
      • a lode.
      • an auriferous deposit in an old riverbed.
  15. the act of aiming a gun ahead of a moving target.
  16. the distance ahead of a moving target that a gun must be aimed in order to score a direct hit.
  17. Sport[Baseball.]an act or instance of leading.
  18. Sport[Manège.](of a horse at a canter or gallop) the foreleg that consistently extends beyond and strikes the ground ahead of the other foreleg:The horse is cantering on the left lead.

  1. most important; principal;
    first:lead editorial;
    lead elephant.
  2. Sport[Football.](of a forward pass) thrown ahead of the intended receiver so as to allow him to catch it while running.
  3. Sport[Baseball.](of a base runner) nearest to scoring:They forced the lead runner at third base on an attempted sacrifice.
Etymology:bef. 900;
Middle English leden, Old English lǣdan (causative of līthan to go, travel);
cognate with Dutch leiden, German leiten, Old Norse leitha
1 . accompany, precede. See guide.  3 . persuade, convince. 10 . excel, outstrip, surpass. 34 . head, vanguard. 1 . follow.
lead2  (led), 
  1. Chemistry[Chem.]a heavy, comparatively soft, malleable, bluish-gray metal, sometimes found in its natural state but usually combined as a sulfide, esp. in galena. Symbol: Pb;
    at. wt.: 207.19;
    at. no.: 82;
    sp. gr.: 11.34 at 20°C.
  2. something made of this metal or of one of its alloys.
  3. a plummet or mass of lead suspended by a line, as for taking soundings.
  4. bullets collectively;
  5. Chemistryblack lead or graphite.
  6. a small stick of graphite, as used in pencils.
  7. PrintingAlso,leading. [Print.]a thin strip of type metal or brass less than type-high, used for increasing the space between lines of type.
  8. Buildinga grooved bar of lead or came in which sections of glass are set, as in stained-glass windows.
  9. British Termsleads, [Brit.]a roof, esp. one that is shallow or flat, covered with lead.
  10. ChemistrySee white lead. 
  11. get the lead out, [Slang.]to move or work faster;
    hurry up.
  12. Nauticalheave the lead, [Naut.]to take a sounding with a lead.

  1. to cover, line, weight, treat, or impregnate with lead or one of its compounds.
  2. Printing[Print.]to insert leads between the lines of.
  3. Buildingto fix (window glass) in position with leads.

  1. Chemistrymade of or containing lead:a lead pipe; a lead compound.
  2. go over like a lead balloon, [Slang.]to fail to arouse interest, enthusiasm, or support.
Etymology:bef. 900;
Middle English lede, Old English lēad;
cognate with Dutch lood, Old Frisian lād lead, German Lot plummet
leadless, adj. 
3 . weight, plumb.
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
nose /noʊz/USA pronunciation   n., v., nosed, nos•ing. 

n. [countable]
  1. Anatomythe part of the face above the mouth that contains the nostrils and organs of smell and through which a person breathes.
  2. the sense of smell:Certain breeds of dog have a good nose.
  3. anything that resembles a nose:the nose of a plane.
  4. an ability to understand, interpret, find out about (something):had a nose for a good story.
  5. the human nose as a symbol of interfering or prying:Keep your nose out of my business!

  1. to move or push forward with or as if with the nose: [+ object]The boat nosed its way toward shore.[no object]The plane nosed forward cautiously.
  2. to meddle or pry[+ about/around]nosing around asking questions.
  3. nose out, to defeat, esp. by a narrow margin: [+ out + object]She nosed out her opponent in the election.[+ object + out]She nosed him out in the election.
    follow one's nose: 
      • to go forward in a straight course:Just follow your nose and you'll see the church straight ahead.
      • to guide oneself by instinct:He followed his nose on negotiating that deal.
  1. Idiomskeep one's nose clean, to behave properly; avoid trouble.
  2. Idiomslead (around )by the nose, [lead + object + (around) by the nose] to control (someone);
  3. Idiomslook down one's nose at, [+ object] to consider (someone or something) as inferior or less acceptable.
  4. on the nose: 
      •  precisely;
        exactly:We arrived at 3 o'clock on the nose.
  5. Idiomsput or keep one's nose to the grindstone, to work intensely and persistently at a task.
  6. put someone's nose out of joint: 
      • to annoy;
  7. Idiomsturn up one's nose at, [+ object] to reject (something) contemptuously:turned up his nose at the pitiful offer.
  8. Idiomsunder someone's nose, plainly visible; in full view:It was right under my nose all the time.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
nose  (nōz), 
n., v., nosed, nos•ing. 

  1. Anatomythe part of the face or facial region in humans and certain animals that contains the nostrils and the organs of smell and functions as the usual passageway for air in respiration: in humans it is a prominence in the center of the face formed of bone and cartilage, serving also to modify or modulate the voice.
  2. Anatomythis part as the organ of smell.
  3. the sense of smell:fragrances appealing to the nose.
  4. anything regarded as resembling the nose of a person or animal, as a spout or nozzle.
  5. Naval Terms, Nauticalthe prow of a ship.
  6. Aeronauticsthe forward end of an aircraft.
  7. Sportthe forward edge of the head of a golf club.
  8. a projecting part of anything:the nose of a pair of pliers.
  9. a faculty of perceiving or detecting:to have a nose for news.
  10. the human nose regarded as a symbol of meddling or prying:Why can't he keep his nose out of my business?
  11. Sportthe length of a nose:The horse won the race by a nose.
  12. Winethe bouquet of an alcoholic drink, esp. the distinctive aroma of a wine.
  13. Idiomscount noses, to count the number of people in attendance:Each time the troop left an exhibit the leader counted noses.
  14. Idiomscut off one's nose to spite one's face, to create a disadvantage to oneself through one's own spiteful action.
  15. follow one's nose: 
      • to go forward in a straight course.
      • to guide oneself by instinct:I found the house by following my nose.
  16. Idiomshold one's nose, to repress feelings of distaste, repulsion, or offense for something that one is obliged to do:He held his nose and voted for the bill.
  17. Idiomskeep one's nose clean, to behave oneself; avoid trouble or scandal:Did he keep his nose clean after he got out of prison?
  18. Idiomskeep one's nose to the grindstone. See grindstone (def. 3).
  19. Idiomslead or lead around by the nose, to exercise complete control over;
    dominate totally:He lets his brother lead him by the nose.
  20. Idiomslook down one's nose at, to regard with disdain or condescension:He had always looked down his nose at those who were poorer than he.
  21. on the nose, [Informal.]
      • precisely, correctly, or perfectly.
      • exactly on time:We made it at ten o'clock on the nose.
      • (of a bet) for win only.
      • [Australian Informal.]decayed or putrid; stinking.
      • [Australian Informal.]distasteful or unpleasant;
        of doubtful validity or propriety.
  22. Idiomspay through the nose, to pay an excessive price:They patronize small and exclusive shops where they cheerfully pay through the nose.
  23. put someone's nose out of joint: 
      • to annoy or irritate greatly.
      • to supersede a person in another's regard, devotion, etc.
      • to thwart someone;
        spoil someone's plans.
  24. Idiomsrub someone's nose in, to persecute or tease someone persistently about;
    nag someone about:I know I was wrong but you don't have to rub my nose in it.
  25. Idiomsturn up one's nose at, to regard with contempt; scorn:My friend turns up his nose at anyone who hasn't had a college education.
  26. Idiomsunder someone's nose, plainly visible to;
    in full view of;
    in bold defiance of:The theft took place right under the detective's nose.Also,under someone's very nose. 

  1. to perceive by or as by the nose or the sense of smell:a cheese that could be nosed at some distance.
  2. to approach the nose to, as in smelling or examining; sniff.
  3. to move or push forward with or as with the nose:The dog nosed its pup back into the yard. The boat nosed its way toward shore.
  4. to touch or rub with the nose;

  1. to smell or sniff.
  2. to seek as if by smelling or scent:The dogs nosed after their quarry.
  3. to move or push forward:to nose into the wind.
  4. to meddle or pry (often fol. by about, into, etc.):They are always nosing about in other people's business.
nose out: 
    • to defeat, esp. by a narrow margin:The other candidates had been nosed out in the final returns.
    • to learn or discover, esp. by snooping or prying:to nose out a secret.
Etymology:bef. 900;
Middle English (noun, nominal);
Old English nosu;
akin to Dutch neus, German Nase, Latin nāsus, Sanskrit nāsā
noseless, adj. 
noselike′, adj. 

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

lead /liːd/ vb (leads, leading, led /lɛd/)
  1. to show the way to (an individual or a group) by going with or ahead: lead the party into the garden
  2. to guide or be guided by holding, pulling, etc: he led the horse by its reins
  3. (transitive) to cause to act, feel, think, or behave in a certain way; induce; influence: he led me to believe that he would go
  4. when intr, followed by to: (of a road, route, etc) to serve as the means of reaching a place
  5. (transitive) to go ahead so as to indicate (esp in the phrase lead the way)
  6. to guide, control, or direct: to lead an army
  7. (transitive) to direct the course of or conduct (water, a rope or wire, etc) along or as if along a channel
  8. to initiate the action of (something); have the principal part in (something): to lead a discussion
  9. to go at the head of or have the top position in (something): he leads his class in geography
  10. (intransitive) followed by with: to have as the first or principal item: the newspaper led with the royal birth
  11. Brit to play first violin in (an orchestra)
  12. to direct and guide (one's partner) in a dance
  13. (transitive) to pass or spend: I lead a miserable life
  14. to cause to pass a life of a particular kind: to lead a person a dog's life
  15. (intransitive) followed by to: to tend (to) or result (in): this will only lead to misery
  16. to initiate a round of cards by putting down (the first card) or to have the right to do this: she led a diamond
  17. (intransitive) to make an offensive blow, esp as one's habitual attacking punch
  1. the first, foremost, or most prominent place
  2. (as modifier): lead singer
  3. example, precedence, or leadership: the class followed the teacher's lead
  4. an advance or advantage held over others: the runner had a lead of twenty yards
  5. anything that guides or directs; indication; clue
  6. another name for leash
  7. the act or prerogative of playing the first card in a round of cards or the card so played
  8. the principal role in a play, film, etc, or the person playing such a role
  9. the principal news story in a newspaper: the scandal was the lead in the papers
  10. (as modifier): lead story
  11. an important entry assigned to one part usually at the beginning of a movement or section
  12. a wire, cable, or other conductor for making an electrical connection
  13. one's habitual attacking punch
  14. a blow made with this
  15. a deposit of metal or ore; lode

See also lead off, lead onEtymology: Old English lǣdan; related to līthan to travel, Old High German līdan to go
lead /lɛd/ n
  1. a heavy toxic bluish-white metallic element that is highly malleable: occurs principally as galena and used in alloys, accumulators, cable sheaths, paints, and as a radiation shield. Symbol: Pb; atomic no: 82; atomic wt: 207.2; valency: 2 or 4; relative density: 11.35; melting pt: 327.502°C; boiling pt: 1750°C
  2. a lead weight suspended on a line used to take soundings of the depth of water
  3. lead weights or shot, as used in cartridges, fishing lines, etc
  4. a thin grooved strip of lead for holding small panes of glass or pieces of stained glass
  5. (plural) thin sheets or strips of lead used as a roof covering
  6. a flat or low-pitched roof covered with such sheets
  7. a thin strip of type metal used for spacing between lines of hot-metal type
  8. graphite or a mixture containing graphite, clay, etc, used for drawing
  9. a thin stick of this material, esp the core of a pencil
  10. (modifier) of, consisting of, relating to, or containing lead
vb (transitive)
  1. to fill or treat with lead
  2. to surround, cover, or secure with lead or leads
  3. to space (type) by use of leads
Etymology: Old English; related to Dutch lood, German Lot

'lead' also found in these entries:

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