leave

Listen:
 /liːv/


For the verb: "to leave"

Simple Past: left
Past Participle: left

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
leave1 /liv/USA pronunciation   v.,  left/lɛft/USA pronunciation  leav•ing. 
  1. to go out of or away from, as a place: [+ object]to leave the house.[no object]We left for the airport.
  2. to quit:[+ object]to leave a job.
  3. to let remain behind:[+ object]The bear left tracks in the snow.
  4. to let stay or be in the condition stated:[+ object]Leave the motor running.
  5. to let remain in a position to do something without being bothered:[+ object]We left him to his work.
  6. to let (a thing) remain for another's action or decision:[+ object]We left the details to the lawyer.
  7. to give in charge;
    entrust:[+ object]Leave the package with my neighbor.
  8. to turn aside from;
    abandon or disregard:[+ object]She left music to study engineering.
  9. to give for use after one's death or departure: [+ object + to + object]to leave one's money to charity.[+ object + object]She left him a lot of money.
  10. to have remaining after death:[+ object]He leaves a wife and three children.
  11. to have as a remainder after subtraction:[not: be + ~-ing;  ~ + object]2 from 4 leaves 2.
  12. leave off: 
    • [no object] to stop;
      cease;
      discontinue:The professor couldn't remember where she had left off from the previous lecture.
    • to omit: [+ object + off]We left him off the list.[+ off + object]We left off too many of her relatives from the list.
  13. leave out, to omit;
    exclude: [+ out + object]She left out a few important statistics.[+ object + out]You left them out of your report.
leav•er, n. [countable]

leave2 /liv/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. permission to do something:[uncountable]to beg leave to go.
  2. permission to be absent, as from work or military duty: [uncountable]to ask for leave.[countable]allowed us a leave to visit home during Christmas.
  3. the time this permission lasts:[countable]30 days' leave.
Idioms
  1. Idiomstake leave of, [+ object] to part or separate from:Have you taken leave of your senses? (= Are you crazy?)
  2. Idiomstake one's leave, to depart:We should take our leave before the speeches begin.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
leave1  (lēv),USA pronunciation v.,  left, leav•ing. 
v.t. 
  1. to go out of or away from, as a place:to leave the house.
  2. to depart from permanently;
    quit:to leave a job.
  3. to let remain or have remaining behind after going, disappearing, ceasing, etc.:I left my wallet home. The wound left a scar.
  4. to allow to remain in the same place, condition, etc.:Is there any coffee left?
  5. to let stay or be as specified:to leave a door unlocked.
  6. to let (a person or animal) remain in a position to do something without interference:We left him to his work.
  7. to let (a thing) remain for action or decision:We left the details to the lawyer.
  8. to give in charge;
    deposit;
    entrust:Leave the package with the receptionist. I left my name and phone number.
  9. to stop;
    cease;
    give up:He left music to study law.
  10. to disregard;
    neglect:We will leave this for the moment and concentrate on the major problem.
  11. to give for use after one's death or departure:to leave all one's money to charity.
  12. to have remaining after death:He leaves a wife and three children.
  13. to have as a remainder after subtraction:2 from 4 leaves 2.
  14. Slang Terms[Nonstandard.]let1 (defs. 1, 2, 6).

v.i. 
  1. to go away, depart, or set out:We leave for Europe tomorrow.
  2. leave alone. See  alone (def. 4).
  3. leave off: 
    • to desist from;
      cease;
      stop;
      abandon.
    • to stop using or wearing:It had stopped raining, so we left off our coats.
    • to omit:to leave a name off a list.
  4. leave out, to omit;
    exclude:She left out an important detail in her account.
leaver, n. 
  • bef. 900; Middle English leven, Old English lǣfan (causative formation from base of lāf remainder; see lave2); cognate with Old High German leiban (compare German bleiben to remain), Old Norse leifa, Gothic -laibjan
    • 1, 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged abandon, forsake, desert;
      relinquish.
    • 9.See corresponding entry in Unabridged forbear, renounce.
    • 10.See corresponding entry in Unabridged ignore, forget.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged bequeath, will;
      devise, transmit.
    • 1, 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged join.
    Leave is interchangeable with let when followed by alone with the sense "to refrain from annoying or interfering with'':Leave(or Let) her alone and she will solve the problem easily. When he was left (or let) alone without interruptions, the boy quickly assembled the apparatus. The use of leave alone for let alone in the sense "not to mention'' is nonstandard:There wasn't any standing room, let(not leave) alone a seat, so I missed the performance.Other substitutions of leave for let are generally regarded as nonstandard:Let(not Leave) us sit down and talk this over. Let (not Leave) her do it her own way. The police wouldn't let (not leave) us cross the barriers. See also  let1. 

leave2  (lēv),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. permission to do something:to beg leave to go elsewhere.
  2. permission to be absent, as from work or military duty:The firm offers a maternity leave as part of its benefit program.
  3. the time this permission lasts:30 days' leave.
  4. a parting;
    departure;
    farewell:He took his leave before the formal ceremonies began. We took leave of them after dinner.
  5. Metallurgydraft (def. 23).
  6. [Bowling.]the pin or pins in upright position after the bowl of the first ball.
  • bef. 900; Middle English leve, Old English lēaf; akin to believe, furlough, lief
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged –3. liberty.
    • 2, 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged vacation, furlough.

leave3  (lēv),USA pronunciation v.i.,  leaved, leav•ing. 
  1. Botanyto put forth leaves;
    leaf.
  • Middle English leven, derivative of lef leaf 1250–1300


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

leave /liːv/ vb (leaves, leaving, left)(mainly tr)
  1. (also intr) to go or depart (from a person or place)
  2. to cause to remain behind, often by mistake, in a place: he often leaves his keys in his coat
  3. to cause to be or remain in a specified state: paying the bill left him penniless
  4. to renounce or abandon: to leave a political movement
  5. to refrain from consuming or doing something: the things we have left undone
  6. to result in; cause: childhood problems often leave emotional scars
  7. to entrust or commit: leave the shopping to her
  8. to pass in a specified direction: flying out of the country, we left the cliffs on our left
  9. to be survived by (members of one's family): he leaves a wife and two children
  10. to bequeath or devise: he left his investments to his children
  11. (transitive) to have as a remainder: 37 – 14 leaves 23
  12. not standard to permit; let
  13. leave someone alone
    Also: let alone
    See let1
  14. to permit to stay or be alone

See also leave off, leave outEtymology: Old English lǣfan; related to belīfan to be left as a remainder

ˈleaver n
leave /liːv/ n
  1. permission to do something: he was granted leave to speak
  2. by your leave, with your leavewith your permission
  3. permission to be absent, as from a place of work or duty: leave of absence
  4. the duration of such absence: ten days' leave
  5. a farewell or departure (esp in the phrase take (one's) leave)
  6. on leaveofficially excused from work or duty
  7. take leaveto say farewell (to)
Etymology: Old English lēaf; related to alӯfan to permit, Middle High German loube permission
leave /liːv/ vb (leaves, leaving, leaved)
  1. (intransitive) to produce or grow leaves



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