For the verb: "to light"
|Simple Past: ||lit, lighted|
|Past Participle: ||lit, lighted|
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2014
light1 /laɪt/USA pronunciation
n., adj., light•er, light•est,v., light•ed or lit/lɪt/USA pronunciation light•ing.
- [uncountable] the brightness that makes things visible, made up of a form of radiation to which the eyes react:The sun gives off light.
- [countable] something giving off such brightness, as the sun or a lamp.
- [uncountable] the brightness from the sun; daylight, daybreak, dawn, or daytime:at first light ( = at dawn).
- [countable] a device for or means of starting a fire, as a spark, flame, or match.
- [countable] a traffic light:went through a red light.
- [countable; usually singular] the way in which a thing appears or is looked at:He saw things in a new light.
- [countable] a gleam or sparkle:a fierce light in her eyes.
- [uncountable] insight; understanding;
awareness:These new facts throw some light on the mystery.
- [countable] a person who is an important figure:one of the leading lights of the Broadway stage.
- lights, [plural] the information, ideas, background, or mental ability one has:According to his lights, he acted correctly.
- having light; bright;
well-lighted:The room was light enough to read in.
not deep in color:a light blue.
- (of coffee or tea) containing enough milk or cream to produce a light color.
- to (cause to) burn: [~ + object]They lit the fire.[~ ( + up) + object]She lit (up) a cigarette.[~ ( + up)]These wet logs won't light (up). She took the cigarette and lit up.
- to (cause to) become bright when switched on: [no object]This table lamp won't light.[~ + object]to light the lamp.
- to (cause to) be brightened, esp. with joy, excitement, or the like: [~ ( + up) + object]A smile lit (up) her face.[no object]Her face lit up with the good news.
- to (cause to) become bright: [no object; ( ~ + up ) ]The sky lights up at sunrise.[~ ( + up) + object]to light up a room.[~ + up + object]The car's headlights lit up the area ahead.
light•ness, n. [uncountable]
light2 /laɪt/USA pronunciation
adj. and adv., -er, -est.
- bring to light, to discover or reveal: [~ + object]The investigation brought to light new facts about the case.[~ + object + to light]The investigation brought new facts to light.
- come to light, to be discovered or revealed:New facts came to light.
- in (the) light of, taking into account; because of;
considering:In the light of these new charges, perhaps we'd better re-open the investigation.
- light at the end of the tunnel, a possibility of success, relief, or of being saved that is not yet present but that will come about:We still have problems, but at least we can see some light at the end of the tunnel.
- see the light:
- to understand something at last.
- of little weight;
not heavy:a light load.
- of low specific gravity:a light metal.
- of less than the usual or average weight:Wear light clothing in the summer to stay cool.
- of small amount, force, intensity, pressure, etc.:a light rain.
- easy to endure, deal with, or perform:light duties.
- not very serious; entertaining:Mystery stories make light reading.
- trivial:The loss of a job is no light matter.
- easily digested; not rich or heavy:a light meal.
- (of alcoholic beverages)
- not heavy or strong:a light apéritif.
- (esp. of beer and wine) having fewer calories and usually a lower alcohol content than the standard product.
- airy in movement; agile:light on one's feet.
carefree:a light heart.
- dizzy or somewhat faint:I felt light in the head.
- (of soldiers) lightly armed or equipped:light cavalry.
- made to carry small loads swiftly:a light truck.
- using small-scale machinery for the production of consumer goods:light industry.
light3 /laɪt/USA pronunciation
v. [no object], light•ed or lit/lɪt/USA pronunciation light•ing.
- without much or extra baggage:He prefers to travel light, with just a backpack.
- [~ + on/upon] to come down to rest;
fall or settle (upon):The bird lighted on the branch.
- [~ + on/upon] to come by chance; happen;
hit:to light on a clue.
- light into, [~ + into + object] to attack physically or verbally:He lit into the next speaker with criticism.
- light out, [no object][Informal.]to depart quickly:He lit out for the coast.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
light /laɪt/ n
- the medium of illumination that makes sight possible
- Also called: visible radiation electromagnetic radiation that is capable of causing a visual sensation and has wavelengths from about 380 to about 780 nanometres
- (not in technical usage) electromagnetic radiation that has a wavelength outside this range, esp ultraviolet radiation: ultraviolet light
- the sensation experienced when electromagnetic radiation within the visible spectrum falls on the retina of the eye
- anything that illuminates, such as a lamp or candle
- See traffic light
- a particular quality or type of light: a good light for reading
- illumination from the sun during the day; daylight
- the time this appears; daybreak; dawn
- anything that allows the entrance of light, such as a window or compartment of a window
- the condition of being visible or known (esp in the phrases bring or come to light)
- an aspect or view: he saw it in a different light
- mental understanding or spiritual insight
- a person considered to be an authority or leader
- brightness of countenance, esp a sparkle in the eyes
- the act of igniting or kindling something, such as a cigarette
- something that ignites or kindles, esp in a specified manner, such as a spark or flame
- something used for igniting or kindling, such as a match
- See lighthouse
- in light of, in the light of ⇒ in view of; taking into account; considering
- see the light, see the light of day ⇒ to come into being
- to come to public notice
- strike a light ⇒ (verb) to ignite something, esp a match, by friction
- (interjection) Brit an exclamation of surprise
vb (lights, lighting, lighted, lit /lɪt/)
- full of light; well-lighted
- (of a colour) reflecting or transmitting a large amount of light: light yellow
- to ignite or cause to ignite
- (often followed by up) to illuminate or cause to illuminate
- to make or become cheerful or animated
- (transitive) to guide or lead by light
See also lights1, light upEtymology: Old English lēoht; related to Old High German lioht, Gothic liuhath, Latin lux
ˈlightish adj ˈlightless adj
light /laɪt/ adj
- not heavy; weighing relatively little
- having relatively low density: magnesium is a light metal
- lacking sufficient weight; not agreeing with standard or official weights
- not great in degree, intensity, or number: light rain, a light eater
- without burdens, difficulties, or problems; easily borne or done: a light heart, light work
- graceful, agile, or deft: light fingers
- not bulky or clumsy
- not serious or profound; entertaining: light verse
- without importance or consequence; insignificant: no light matter
- frivolous or capricious
- loose in morals
- dizzy or unclear: a light head
- (of bread, cake, etc) spongy or well leavened
- easily digested: a light meal
- relatively low in alcoholic content: a light wine
- (of a soil) having a crumbly texture
- (of a vessel, lorry, etc) designed to carry light loads
- not loaded
- carrying light arms or equipment: light infantry
- (of an industry) engaged in the production of small consumer goods using light machinery
- (of an aircraft) having a maximum take-off weight less than 5670 kilograms (12 500 pounds)
- (of an oil fraction obtained from coal tar) having a boiling range between about 100° and 210°C
- (of a railway) having a narrow gauge, or in some cases a standard gauge with speed or load restrictions not applied to a main line
- (of a syllable, vowel, etc) unaccented or weakly stressed; short
- light on ⇒ informal lacking a sufficient quantity of (something)
- make light of ⇒ to treat as insignificant or trifling
vb (lights, lighting, lighted, lit /lɪt/
- a less common word for lightly
- with little equipment, baggage, etc: to travel light
See also light into
- (esp of birds) to settle or land after flight
- to get down from a horse, vehicle, etc
- followed by on or upon: to come upon unexpectedly
- to strike or fall on: the choice lighted on me
, light out
, lights2Etymology: Old English lēoht; related to Dutch licht, Gothic leihtsˈlightish adj ˈlightly adv ˈlightness n
'light' also found in these entries: