light

 /laɪt/

For the verb: "to light"

Simple Past: lit, lighted
Past Participle: lit, lighted

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2014
light1 /laɪt/USA pronunciation  n., adj.,  light•er, light•est,v.,  light•ed or lit/lɪt/USA pronunciation light•ing.

n. 
  1. [uncountable] the brightness that makes things visible, made up of a form of radiation to which the eyes react:The sun gives off light.
  2. [countable] something giving off such brightness, as the sun or a lamp.
  3. [uncountable] the brightness from the sun; daylight, daybreak, dawn, or daytime:at first light ( = at dawn).
  4. [countable] a device for or means of starting a fire, as a spark, flame, or match.
  5. [countable] a traffic light:went through a red light.
  6. [countable; usually singular] the way in which a thing appears or is looked at:He saw things in a new light.
  7. [countable] a gleam or sparkle:a fierce light in her eyes.
  8. [uncountable] insight; understanding;
    awareness:These new facts throw some light on the mystery.
  9. [countable] a person who is an important figure:one of the leading lights of the Broadway stage.
  10. lights, [plural] the information, ideas, background, or mental ability one has:According to his lights, he acted correctly.

adj. 
  1. having light; bright;
    well-lighted:The room was light enough to read in.
  2. pale;
    not deep in color:a light blue.
  3. (of coffee or tea) containing enough milk or cream to produce a light color.

v. 
  1. to (cause to) burn: [+ object]They lit the fire.[~ ( + up) + object]She lit (up) a cigarette.[~ ( + up)]These wet logs won't light (up). She took the cigarette and lit up.
  2. to (cause to) become bright when switched on: [no object]This table lamp won't light.[+ object]to light the lamp.
  3. to (cause to) be brightened, esp. with joy, excitement, or the like: [~ ( + up) + object]A smile lit (up) her face.[no object]Her face lit up with the good news.
  4. to (cause to) become bright: [no object; ( ~ + up ) ]The sky lights up at sunrise.[~ ( + up) + object]to light up a room.[+ up + object]The car's headlights lit up the area ahead.
idiom
  1. bring to light, to discover or reveal: [+ object]The investigation brought to light new facts about the case.[+ object + to light]The investigation brought new facts to light.
  2. come to light, to be discovered or revealed:New facts came to light.
  3. in (the) light of, taking into account; because of;
    considering:In the light of these new charges, perhaps we'd better re-open the investigation.
  4. light at the end of the tunnel, a possibility of success, relief, or of being saved that is not yet present but that will come about:We still have problems, but at least we can see some light at the end of the tunnel.
  5. see the light: 
    • to understand something at last.

light•ness, n. [uncountable]

light2 /laɪt/USA pronunciation  adj. and adv.,  -er, -est.

adj. 
  1. of little weight;
    not heavy:a light load.
  2. of low specific gravity:a light metal.
  3. of less than the usual or average weight:Wear light clothing in the summer to stay cool.
  4. of small amount, force, intensity, pressure, etc.:a light rain.
  5. easy to endure, deal with, or perform:light duties.
  6. not very serious; entertaining:Mystery stories make light reading.
  7. trivial:The loss of a job is no light matter.
  8. easily digested; not rich or heavy:a light meal.
  9. (of alcoholic beverages)
    • not heavy or strong:a light apéritif.
    • (esp. of beer and wine) having fewer calories and usually a lower alcohol content than the standard product.
  10. airy in movement; agile:light on one's feet.
  11. cheerful;
    carefree:a light heart.
  12. dizzy or somewhat faint:I felt light in the head.
  13. (of soldiers) lightly armed or equipped:light cavalry.
  14. made to carry small loads swiftly:a light truck.
  15. using small-scale machinery for the production of consumer goods:light industry.

adv. 
  1. without much or extra baggage:He prefers to travel light, with just a backpack.
light•ly, adv. 
light•ness, n. 

light3 /laɪt/USA pronunciation  v. [no object]light•ed or lit/lɪt/USA pronunciation light•ing.
  1. [+ on/upon] to come down to rest;
    fall or settle (upon):The bird lighted on the branch.
  2. [+ on/upon] to come by chance; happen;
    hit:to light on a clue.
  3. light into, [+ into + object] to attack physically or verbally:He lit into the next speaker with criticism.
  4. light out, [no object][Informal.]to depart quickly:He lit out for the coast.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

light /laɪt/ n
  1. the medium of illumination that makes sight possible
  2. Also called: visible radiation electromagnetic radiation that is capable of causing a visual sensation and has wavelengths from about 380 to about 780 nanometres
  3. (not in technical usage) electromagnetic radiation that has a wavelength outside this range, esp ultraviolet radiation: ultraviolet light
  4. the sensation experienced when electromagnetic radiation within the visible spectrum falls on the retina of the eye
  5. anything that illuminates, such as a lamp or candle
  6. See traffic light
  7. a particular quality or type of light: a good light for reading
  8. illumination from the sun during the day; daylight
  9. the time this appears; daybreak; dawn
  10. anything that allows the entrance of light, such as a window or compartment of a window
  11. the condition of being visible or known (esp in the phrases bring or come to light)
  12. an aspect or view: he saw it in a different light
  13. mental understanding or spiritual insight
  14. a person considered to be an authority or leader
  15. brightness of countenance, esp a sparkle in the eyes
  16. the act of igniting or kindling something, such as a cigarette
  17. something that ignites or kindles, esp in a specified manner, such as a spark or flame
  18. something used for igniting or kindling, such as a match
  19. See lighthouse
  20. in light of, in the light ofin view of; taking into account; considering
  21. see the light, see the light of dayto come into being
  22. to come to public notice
  23. strike a light ⇒ (verb) to ignite something, esp a match, by friction
  24. (interjection) Brit an exclamation of surprise
adj
  1. full of light; well-lighted
  2. (of a colour) reflecting or transmitting a large amount of light: light yellow
vb (lights, lighting, lighted, lit /lɪt/)
  1. to ignite or cause to ignite
  2. (often followed by up) to illuminate or cause to illuminate
  3. to make or become cheerful or animated
  4. (transitive) to guide or lead by light

See also lights1, light upEtymology: Old English lēoht; related to Old High German lioht, Gothic liuhath, Latin lux

ˈlightish adj ˈlightless adj
light /laɪt/ adj
  1. not heavy; weighing relatively little
  2. having relatively low density: magnesium is a light metal
  3. lacking sufficient weight; not agreeing with standard or official weights
  4. not great in degree, intensity, or number: light rain, a light eater
  5. without burdens, difficulties, or problems; easily borne or done: a light heart, light work
  6. graceful, agile, or deft: light fingers
  7. not bulky or clumsy
  8. not serious or profound; entertaining: light verse
  9. without importance or consequence; insignificant: no light matter
  10. frivolous or capricious
  11. loose in morals
  12. dizzy or unclear: a light head
  13. (of bread, cake, etc) spongy or well leavened
  14. easily digested: a light meal
  15. relatively low in alcoholic content: a light wine
  16. (of a soil) having a crumbly texture
  17. (of a vessel, lorry, etc) designed to carry light loads
  18. not loaded
  19. carrying light arms or equipment: light infantry
  20. (of an industry) engaged in the production of small consumer goods using light machinery
  21. (of an aircraft) having a maximum take-off weight less than 5670 kilograms (12 500 pounds)
  22. (of an oil fraction obtained from coal tar) having a boiling range between about 100° and 210°C
  23. (of a railway) having a narrow gauge, or in some cases a standard gauge with speed or load restrictions not applied to a main line
  24. (of a syllable, vowel, etc) unaccented or weakly stressed; short
  25. light oninformal lacking a sufficient quantity of (something)
  26. make light ofto treat as insignificant or trifling
adv
  1. a less common word for lightly
  2. with little equipment, baggage, etc: to travel light
vb (lights, lighting, lighted, lit /lɪt/)(intransitive)
  1. (esp of birds) to settle or land after flight
  2. to get down from a horse, vehicle, etc
  3. followed by on or upon: to come upon unexpectedly
  4. to strike or fall on: the choice lighted on me

See also light into, light out, lights2Etymology: Old English lēoht; related to Dutch licht, Gothic leihts

ˈlightish adj ˈlightly adv ˈlightness n



'light' also found in these entries:

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Look up "light" at Merriam-Webster
Look up "light" at dictionary.com

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