mat

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 [ˈmæt]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
mat1 /mæt/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
n. [countable]
  1. a piece of fabric used on a floor as a covering:a floor mat.
  2. a piece of material set under an object, as a dish:a place mat.
  3. Sporta thick pad placed on a floor to protect wrestlers and gymnasts.
  4. Botanya thick tangled mass, as of weeds or hair.

v. 
  1. to form into a tangled mass: [no object]Her hair matted from the sweat.[+ object]The rain matted his hair.
  2. Idiomsgo to the mat, [~ (+ for + object)] to support or defend a person or cause with determination:promised he'd go to the mat for her when she came up for review.

mat2 /mæt/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
n. [countable]
  1. Fine Artmaterial serving as a frame or border for a picture.

v. [+ object]
  1. Photography, Fine Artto provide (a picture) with a mat.

mat3 /mæt/USA pronunciation   adj., n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
  1. matte.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
mat1  (mat),USA pronunciation n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
n. 
  1. a piece of fabric made of plaited or woven rushes, straw, hemp, or similar fiber, or of some other pliant material, as rubber, used as a protective covering on a floor or other surface, to wipe the shoes on, etc.
  2. a smaller piece of material, often ornamental, set under a dish of food, a lamp, vase, etc.
  3. Sport
    • the padded canvas covering the entire floor of a wrestling ring, for protecting the contestants from injury when thrown.
    • a thick pad placed on the floor for the protection of tumblers and others engaged in gymnastic sports.
  4. Botanya thickly growing or thick and tangled mass, as of hair or weeds.
  5. a sack made of matting, as for coffee or sugar.
  6. Buildinga slablike footing of concrete, esp. one for an entire building.
  7. Buildinga heavy mesh reinforcement for a concrete slab.
  8. Idiomsgo to the mat, to contend or struggle in a determined or unyielding way:The President is going to the mat with Congress over the proposed budget cuts.

v.t. 
  1. to cover with or as if with mats or matting.
  2. to form into a mat, as by interweaving.

v.i. 
  1. Botanyto become entangled;
    form tangled masses.
matless, adj. 
  • Semitic; compare Hebrew mittāh bed
  • Late Latin matta mat of rushes
  • Middle English, Old English matte bef. 900

mat2  (mat),USA pronunciation n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
n. 
  1. Photography, Fine Arta piece of cardboard or other material placed over or under a drawing, painting, photograph, etc., to serve as a frame or provide a border between the picture and the frame.

v.t. 
  1. Photography, Fine Artto provide (a picture) with a mat.
  • apparently mat1, influenced by matte1 1835–40

mat3  (mat),USA pronunciation adj., n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
  1. Cinemamatte1.

mat4  (mat),USA pronunciation n. [Print.]
  1. Printingthe intaglio, usually of papiermâché, impressed from type or a cut, from which a stereotype plate is cast.
  2. Printingmatrix (def. 8).
  • shortened form of matrix 1920–25

mat., 
  1. matins.
  2. maturity.

M.A.T., 
  • EducationMaster of Arts in Teaching.

  • WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
    matte1 or mat  or matt /mæt/USA pronunciation   adj., n., v.,  mat•ted or matt•ed, mat•ting or matt•ing. 
    adj. 
    1. having a dull surface;
      not shiny or glossy:matte paint.

    n. [countable]
    1. a dull surface, as on metals, paint, paper, or glass.

    v. [+ object]
    1. to finish with a matte surface.

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
    matte1  (mat),USA pronunciation adj., n., v.,  mat•ted, mat•ting. 
    adj. 
    1. having a dull or lusterless surface:matte paint;a matte complexion;a photograph with a matte finish.

    n. 
    1. a dull or dead surface, often slightly roughened, as on metals, paint, paper, or glass.
    2. a tool for producing such a surface.
    3. Metallurgyan unfinished metallic product of the smelting of certain sulfide ores, esp. those of copper.
    4. Cinema[Motion Pictures.]See  matte shot. 

    v.t. 
    1. to finish with a matte surface.
    Also,  mat, matt. 
    • *maditus, derivative of Latin madēre to be wet
    • Late Latin mattus moist, soft, weak, perh.
    • French mat (masculine), matte (feminine), Old French
    • 1640–50

    matte2  (mat),USA pronunciation n. [Mining.]
    1. Mininga mass of timber caved beneath overburden so as to cushion the fall of the overburden and separate it from mineral to be extracted beneath.
    • German; akin to mat1


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    mat /mæt/ n
    1. a thick flat piece of fabric used as a floor covering, a place to wipe one's shoes, etc
    2. a smaller pad of material used to protect a surface from the heat, scratches, etc, of an object placed upon it
    3. a large piece of thick padded material put on the floor as a surface for wrestling, judo, or gymnastic sports
    4. any surface or mass that is densely interwoven or tangled: a mat of grass and weeds
    vb (mats, matting, matted)
    1. to tangle or weave or become tangled or woven into a dense mass
    2. (transitive) to cover with a mat or mats
    Etymology: Old English matte; related to Old High German matta
    mat /mæt/ n
    1. a border of cardboard, cloth, etc, placed around a picture to act as a frame or as a contrast between picture and frame
    adj
    1. having a dull, lustreless, or roughened surface
    vb (mats, matting, matted)(transitive)
    1. to furnish (a picture) with a mat
    2. to give (a surface) a mat finish

    Also (for senses 2, 4): matt Etymology: 17th Century: from French, literally: dead; see checkmate
    mat /mæt/ n
    1. informal
      short for matrix



    mat. abbreviation for
    1. matinée



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