WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
mis•take /mɪˈsteɪk/USA pronunciation   n., v.,  -took, -tak•en, -tak•ing. 
n. [countable]
  1. an error in action or judgment caused by poor reasoning, carelessness, etc.:too many mistakes in grammar.

v. 
  1. to identify wrongly as something or someone else:[+ object + for + object]I mistook her for the mayor.
  2. to understand or judge wrongly:[+ object]I must have mistaken the date.
Idioms
  1. by mistake, accidentally:set off the alarm by mistake.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
mis•take  (mi stāk),USA pronunciation n., v.,  -took, -tak•en, -tak•ing. 
n. 
  1. an error in action, calculation, opinion, or judgment caused by poor reasoning, carelessness, insufficient knowledge, etc.
  2. a misunderstanding or misconception.
  3. Idiomsand no mistake, for certain;
    surely:He's an honorable person, and no mistake.

v.t. 
  1. to regard or identify wrongly as something or someone else:I mistook him for the mayor.
  2. to understand, interpret, or evaluate wrongly;
    misunderstand;
    misinterpret.

v.i. 
  1. to be in error.
mis•taker, n. 
mis•taking•ly, adv. 
  • Old Norse mistaka to take in error. See mis-1, take
  • Middle English mistaken (verb, verbal) 1300–30
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged inaccuracy, erratum, fault, oversight.
      Mistake, blunder, error, slip refer to deviations from right, accuracy, correctness, or truth. A
      mistake, grave or trivial, is caused by bad judgment or a disregard of rule or principle:It was a mistake to argue.A
      blunder is a careless, stupid, or gross mistake in action or speech, suggesting awkwardness, heedlessness, or ignorance:Through his blunder the message was lost.An
      error (often interchanged with
      mistake) is an unintentional wandering or deviation from accuracy, or right conduct:an error in addition.A
      slip is usually a minor mistake made through haste or carelessness:a slip of the tongue.
    • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged misconceive, misjudge, err.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged understanding.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

mistake /mɪˈsteɪk/ n
  1. an error or blunder in action, opinion, or judgment
  2. a misconception or misunderstanding
vb ( -takes, -taking, -took, -taken)
  1. (transitive) to misunderstand; misinterpret: she mistook his meaning
  2. (transitive) followed by for: to take (for), interpret (as), or confuse (with): she mistook his direct manner for honesty
  3. (transitive) to choose badly or incorrectly: he mistook his path
  4. (intransitive) to make a mistake in action, opinion, judgment, etc
Etymology: 13th Century (meaning: to do wrong, err): from Old Norse mistaka to take erroneously



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