WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
near /nɪr/USA pronunciation
adv. and adj., -er, -est, prep., v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
being close by in space or time:the near fields; the near future.
being the lesser in distance:the near side of the moon.
[before a noun] closely related or connected, as in a family:near relatives.
[before a noun](used to describe something that is almost the same as something else, the difference between them being narrow or close):That was a near miss; the bullets flew just inches over our heads.
prep. [(~ + to)]
at, to, or within a short distance from:regions near (to) the equator.
close to in time:Let's meet again near the beginning of the year.
close to a condition, state, action, or amount; close in relationship:She came near to hitting him.
to come or draw near;
- close in space or time:Come nearer. The wedding day was drawing near.
- closely with respect to connection or similarity:a near-fatal accident.
- almost; nearly:He was near dead from cold.
approach: [~ + object]The boat neared the dock.[no object]Storm clouds neared.
near•ness, n. [uncountable]
near at hand:
- close in space; in the immediate area.
in the near future:The end was near at hand.
- nowhere near, not nearly:The car is nowhere near big enough for all of us.
(nēr), adv., -er, -est, adj., -er, -est, prep., v.
to a point or place not far away:Come near so I won't have to shout.
at, within, or to a short distance.
close in time:The New Year draws near.
close in relation; closely with respect to connection, similarity, intimacy, etc. (often used in combination):a near-standing position.
nearly:a period of near 30 years.
Nautical, Naval Terms[Naut.]close to the wind.
[Archaic.]in a thrifty or stingy manner.
being close by; not distant:the near fields.
being the lesser in distance:the near side.
short or direct:the near road.
close in time:the near future.
closely related or connected:our nearest relatives.
close to an original:a near translation.
closely affecting one's interests or feelings:a matter of near consequence to one.
intimate or familiar:a near friend.
narrow or close:a near escape.
thrifty or stingy:near with one's pocketbook.
(of two draft animals hitched together) being on the driver's left (as opposed to off):The near horse is going lame.
near at hand:
- in the immediate vicinity:There is a shopping area near at hand.
at, to, or within a short distance, or no great distance, from or of:regions near the equator.
close to in time:near the beginning of the year.
close to a condition or state:He is near death.
to come or draw near; approach:The boat neared the dock. Storm clouds neared.
- in the near future; soon:The departure is near at hand.
1, 2, 8–11, 18.far.17 .generous.
- Middle English nere, Old English nēar, comparative of nēah nigh bef. 900
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
near /nɪə/ prep
- at or to a place or time not far away from; close to
- at or to a place or time not far away; close by
- short for nearly: I was damn near killed
- at or in a place not far away
- (postpositive) not far away in time; imminent: departure time was near
- (prenominal) only just successful or only just failing: a near escape
- (postpositive) informal miserly, mean
- (prenominal) closely connected or intimate: a near relation
- to come or draw close (to)
Etymology: Old English nēar (adv), comparative of nēah close, nigh; related to Old Frisian niār, Old Norse nǣr, Old High German nāhōrˈnearness n
- Also called: nearside the left side of a horse, team of animals, vehicle, etc
- (as modifier): the near foreleg
'nearest' also found in these entries: