WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
near /nɪr/USA pronunciation adv. and adj., -er, -est,prep., v. 
adv. 
  1. close in space or time:Come nearer. The wedding day was drawing near.
  2. closely with respect to connection or similarity:a near-fatal accident.
  3. almost; nearly:He was near dead from cold.

adj. 
  • being close by in space or time:the near fields; the near future.
  • being the lesser in distance:the near side of the moon.
  • [before a noun] closely related or connected, as in a family:near relatives.
  • [before a noun](used to describe something that is almost the same as something else, the difference between them being narrow or close):That was a near miss; the bullets flew just inches over our heads.

  • prep. [(~ + to)]
  • at, to, or within a short distance from:regions near (to) the equator.
  • close to in time:Let's meet again near the beginning of the year.
  • close to a condition, state, action, or amount; close in relationship:She came near to hitting him.

  • v. 
  • to come or draw near;
    approach: [+ object]The boat neared the dock.[no object]Storm clouds neared.
  • idiom
      near at hand: 
      • close in space; in the immediate area.
      • soon;
        in the near future:The end was near at hand.
    1. nowhere near, not nearly:The car is nowhere near big enough for all of us.

    near•ness, n. [uncountable]


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    near /nɪə/ prep
    1. at or to a place or time not far away from; close to
    adv
    1. at or to a place or time not far away; close by
    2. short for nearly: I was damn near killed
    adj
    1. at or in a place not far away
    2. (postpositive) not far away in time; imminent: departure time was near
    3. (prenominal) only just successful or only just failing: a near escape
    4. (postpositive) informal miserly, mean
    5. (prenominal) closely connected or intimate: a near relation
    vb
    1. to come or draw close (to)
    n
    1. Also called: nearside the left side of a horse, team of animals, vehicle, etc
    2. (as modifier): the near foreleg
    Etymology: Old English nēar (adv), comparative of nēah close, nigh; related to Old Frisian niār, Old Norse nǣr, Old High German nāhōr

    ˈnearness n



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