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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
near /nɪr/USA pronunciation
adv. and adj., -er, -est, prep., v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
near•ness, n. [uncountable]
- close in space or time:Come nearer. The wedding day was drawing near.
- closely with respect to connection or similarity:a near-fatal accident.
nearly:He was near dead from cold.
- being close by in space or time:the near fields; the near future.
- being the lesser in distance:the near side of the moon.
- closely related or connected, as in a family:[before a noun]near relatives.
- (used to describe something that is almost the same as something else, the difference between them being narrow or close):[before a noun]That was a near miss; the bullets flew just inches over our heads.
prep. [(~ + to)]
- at, to, or within a short distance from:regions near (to) the equator.
- close to in time:Let's meet again near the beginning of the year.
- close to a condition, state, action, or amount;
close in relationship:She came near to hitting him.
- to come or draw near;
approach: [~ + object]The boat neared the dock.[no object]Storm clouds neared.
- Idiomsnear at hand:
- Idiomsclose in space;
in the immediate area.
in the near future:The end was near at hand.
- nowhere near, not nearly:The car is nowhere near big enough for all of us.
(nēr),USA pronunciation adv., -er, -est, adj., -er, -est, prep., v. adv.
to a point or place not far away:Come near so I won't have to shout.
- at, within, or to a short distance.
- close in time:The New Year draws near.
- close in relation;
closely with respect to connection, similarity, intimacy, etc. (often used in combination):a near-standing position.
- all but;
nearly:a period of near 30 years.
- Nautical, Naval Termsclose to the wind.
- [Archaic.]in a thrifty or stingy manner.
- being close by;
not distant:the near fields.
- being the lesser in distance:the near side.
- short or direct:the near road.
- close in time:the near future.
- closely related or connected:our nearest relatives.
- close to an original:a near translation.
- closely affecting one's interests or feelings:a matter of near consequence to one.
- intimate or familiar:a near friend.
- narrow or close:a near escape.
- thrifty or stingy:near with one's pocketbook.
- (of two draft animals hitched together) being on the driver's left (as opposed to off):The near horse is going lame.
- near at hand:
- Idiomsin the immediate vicinity:There is a shopping area near at hand.
- Idiomsin the near future;
soon:The departure is near at hand.
- at, to, or within a short distance, or no great distance, from or of:regions near the equator.
- close to in time:near the beginning of the year.
- close to a condition or state:He is near death.
- to come or draw near;
approach:The boat neared the dock. Storm clouds neared.
- Middle English nere, Old English nēar, comparative of nēah nigh bef. 900
- 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged imminent, impending, approaching.
- 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged tight, miserly.
- 1, 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged
- 8.See corresponding entry in Unabridged –11, 18.far.
- 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged generous.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
near /nɪə/ prep
- at or to a place or time not far away from; close to
- at or to a place or time not far away; close by
- short for nearly: I was damn near killed
- at or in a place not far away
- (postpositive) not far away in time; imminent: departure time was near
- (prenominal) only just successful or only just failing: a near escape
- (postpositive) informal miserly, mean
- (prenominal) closely connected or intimate: a near relation
- to come or draw close (to)
Etymology: Old English nēar (adv), comparative of nēah close, nigh; related to Old Frisian niār, Old Norse nǣr, Old High German nāhōrˈnearness n
- Also called: nearside the left side of a horse, team of animals, vehicle, etc
- (as modifier): the near foreleg
'nearest' also found in these entries: