on

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 /ɒn/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
on /ɑn, ɔn/USA pronunciation   prep. 
  1. so as to be or to remain supported by:Put the package on the table.
  2. so as to be attached to or unified with:There is a label on the jar.
  3. so as to be a covering or wrapping for:Put the blanket on the baby.
  4. in connection, association, or cooperation with:to serve on a jury.
  5. so as to be a supporting part or base of:legs on a chair.
  6. (used to show that the preceding noun has the following noun as its place, location, situation, etc.):an ugly scar on the face.
  7. very close to; at the edge of:a house on the lake.
  8. in the direction of:to sail on a southerly course.
  9. using as a means of carrying or of supporting or providing movement:arrived on the noon plane.
  10. by the agency or means of:drunk on wine.
  11. directed against or toward:She played a joke on him.
  12. having as a subject; being about (something):a new book on dogs.
  13. in a state, condition, or process of:The workers are on strike.
  14. engaged in or involved with:I'm on the second chapter of the book.
  15. subject to:If there is a doctor on call it means that a doctor can be summoned quickly in an emergency.
  16. having as a source or agent:He came to depend on his friends.
  17. having as a basis or ground:on my word of honor.
  18. assigned to or working at:Who's on duty today?
  19. (used with days and dates) at the time mentioned:The train arrives every hour on the hour (= at one, two, three o'clock, etc.)
  20. at the time or occasion of:You have to pay cash on delivery (= at the time delivery is made).
  21. within the required limits of:The train arrived on time.
  22. having as the object or end of motion:The demonstrators marched on the capital.
  23. having as the object or the goal of action, thought, desire, etc.:to gaze on a scene.
  24. having as the subject or reference; with respect to:What are your views on rock music?
  25. Informal Termspaid for by, esp. as a treat or gift:Dinner is on me.
  26. taking or using as a measure or cure to improve one's health, energy, etc.:He's on a low-salt diet.
  27. regularly taking or addicted to:She's not on drugs anymore.
  28. Informal Termswith; carried by:I have no money on me.
  29. so as to disturb or affect in a bad way:My hair dryer broke on me.
  30. having as a risk or unfortunate result:on pain of death.
  31. in addition to:millions on millions of stars.

adv. 
  • in, into, or onto a position of being supported or attached:Sew the buttons on.
  • in, into, or onto a position of covering or wrapping:Put your raincoat on.
  • tightly attached to a thing, such as for support:Hold on!
  • toward a place, point, activity, or object:to look on while others work.
  • forward, onward, or along, such as in any course or process later on:further on.
  • with continuous activity:continued on with his job.
  • into or in active operation or performance:Turn the gas on.

  • adj. [be +  ~]
  • operating or in use:Is the radio on?
  • taking place; occurring:Don't you know there's a war on?
  • being broadcast:What's on tonight, anything interesting to watch?
  • scheduled or planned:Do you have anything on for tomorrow?
    • behaving in a very animated or theatrical manner:He never stops and just relaxes; he's always on.
    • functioning or performing at one's best:The pitcher is really on today.
    idiom
    1. Idiomson and off, with periods of time in between; intermittently.
    2. Idiomson and on, at great length:to chatter on and on.Compareat, in.
    See about.


    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    on  (on, ôn), 
    prep. 
    1. so as to be or remain supported by or suspended from:Put your package down on the table; Hang your coat on the hook.
    2. so as to be attached to or unified with:Hang the picture on the wall. Paste the label on the package.
    3. so as to be a covering or wrapping for:Put the blanket on the baby. Put aluminum foil on the lamb chops before freezing them.
    4. in connection, association, or cooperation with; as a part or element of:to serve on a jury.
    5. so as to be a supporting part, base, backing, etc., of:a painting on canvas; mounted on cardboard;
      legs on a chair.
    6. (used to indicate place, location, situation, etc.):a scar on the face; the book on the table;
      a house on 19th Street.
    7. (used to indicate immediate proximity):a house on the lake; to border on absurdity.
    8. in the direction of:on the left; to sail on a southerly course.
    9. (used to indicate a means of conveyance or a means of supporting or supplying movement):on the wing; This car runs on electricity. Can you walk on your hands? I'll be there on the noon plane.
    10. by the agency or means of:drunk on wine; talking on the phone;
      I saw it on television.
    11. in addition to:millions on millions of stars.
    12. with respect or regard to (used to indicate the object of an action directed against or toward):Let's play a joke on him. Write a critical essay on Shakespeare.
    13. in a state or condition of; in the process of:on strike;
      The house is on fire!
    14. subject to:a doctor on call.
    15. engaged in or involved with:He's on the second chapter now.
    16. (used to indicate a source or a person or thing that serves as a source or agent):a duty on imported goods; She depends on her friends for encouragement.
    17. (used to indicate a basis or ground):on my word of honor; The movie is based on the book.
    18. (used to indicate risk or liability):on pain of death.
    19. (used to indicate progress toward or completion of an objective):We completed the project on budget.
    20. assigned to or occupied with; operating:Who's on the switchboard this afternoon?
    21. [Informal.]so as to disturb or affect adversely:My hair dryer broke on me.
    22. Informal Terms[Informal.]paid for by, esp. as a treat or gift:Dinner is on me.
    23. taking or using as a prescribed measure, cure, or the like:The doctor had her on a low-salt diet.
    24. regularly taking or addicted to:He was on drugs for two years.
    25. Informal Terms[Informal.]with; carried by:I have no money on me.
    26. (used to indicate time or occasion):on Sunday; We demand cash on delivery.
    27. (used to indicate the object or end of motion):to march on the capital.
    28. (used to indicate the object or end of action, thought, desire, etc.):to gaze on a scene.
    29. (used to indicate subject, reference, or respect):views on public matters.
    30. (used to indicate an encounter):The pickpocket crept up on a victim.
    31. on the bow, [Naut.]bow3 (def. 7).

    adv. 
  • in, into, or onto a position of being supported or attached:Sew the buttons on.
  • in, into, or onto a position of covering or wrapping:Put your raincoat on.
  • fast to a thing, as for support:Hold on!
  • toward a place, point, activity, or object:to look on while others work.
  • forward, onward, or along, as in any course or process:further on.
  • with continuous activity:to work on.
  • into or in active operation or performance:Turn the gas on.
  • Idiomson and off, off (def. 22a).
  • Idiomson and on, at great length, so as to become tiresome:They rambled on and on about their grandchildren.

  • adj. 
  • operating or in use:The television set was on. Is your brake on?
  • taking place; occurring:Don't you know there's a war on?
  • performing or broadcasting:The radio announcer told us we were on.
  • [Informal.]
    • behaving in a theatrical, lively, or ingratiating way:Around close friends, one doesn't have to be on every minute.
    • functioning or performing at one's best:When she's on, no other tennis player is half as good.
  • scheduled or planned:Anything on after supper?
  • Sport[Baseball.]positioned on a base or bases:They had two men on when he hit the home run.
  • Sport[Cricket.]noting that side of the wicket, or of the field, on which the batsman stands.
  • Idiomson to,  aware of the true nature, motive, or meaning of:I'm on to your little game.

  • n. 
  • Sport[Cricket.]the on side.
  • Etymology:bef. 900;
    Middle English on, an, Old English: on, in, to;
    cognate with Dutch aan, German an, Old Norse ā, Gothic ana;
    akin to Greek aná up, upon (see ana-)

    On  (on), 
    n. 

      Bible, Place NamesBiblical name of Heliopolis. 

    ON, 
  • Language VarietiesOld Norse.
  • Also,ON., O.N. 
  • AbbreviationsOntario, Canada (approved for postal use).

  • -on1 , 
    Physicsa suffix used in the names of subatomic particles (gluon;
    meson;
    neutron
    ), quanta (graviton), and other minimal entities or components (cistron;
    codon;
    magneton;
    photon
    ).
    Etymology:
    • compare proton probably extracted from ion

    -on2 , 
    Chemistrya suffix used in the naming of inert gaseous elements:neon.
    Etymology: Greek -on, neuter of -os adjective, adjectival ending

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    ON, +
    AbbreviationsOntario, Canada (approved for postal use).

    WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
    hon•or /ˈɑnɚ/USA pronunciation   n. 
    1. [uncountable] honesty, fairness, high standards or integrity in one's beliefs and actions:a code of honor.
    2. [countable; usually singular] a source of credit or distinction:to be an honor to one's country.
    3. [uncountable] high respect, as for worth, merit, or rank:The president dedicated a memorial in honor of the dead.
    4. [uncountable] fame; glory:to earn a position of honor.
    5. [countable;
      usually singular]
      the privilege of being associated with or receiving a favor from a respected person, group, etc.:the honor of serving on a panel.
    6. Usually,honors. [plural] evidence, as a special ceremony, decoration, scroll, or title, of high rank or distinction:a funeral with full military honors.
    7. [proper noun; His/Her/Your + ~] a title of respect for judges and mayors:"Your Honor, I object,'' the lawyer protested to the judge.
    8. honors, [plural]
      • special rank, award, or recognition given by a school to an outstanding student:graduated with honors.
      • a class or course for advanced students, usually involving advanced or independent work:an honors course in linguistics.

    v. [+ object]
  • to hold in honor or high respect; revere:to honor one's ancestors.
  • to treat with honor;
    give honor or distinction to:Will you honor us with your presence tonight?
  • to keep to the terms of:to honor a treaty.
  • Businessto accept or pay (a credit card, check, etc.):Most major credit cards are honored at this restaurant.

  • adj. [before a noun]
  • of, relating to, or noting honor:an honor guard of three soldiers carrying flags in the parade.
  • idiom
      do honor to, [ + obj]
      • to bring respect to:You do honor to our college.
      • to be a credit to:He did honor to his country.
    1. Idiomsdo the honors, to act as host, as in serving at the dinner table:Please do the honors and carve the roast.
    2. Idiomson or upon one's honor, bound by one's word or good name:You are on your honor not to cheat.

    Also,[esp. Brit.,]honour.  hon•or•ee, n. [countable],pl. -ees. 
    hon•or•er, n. [countable]

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    hon•or  (onər), 
    n. 
    1. honesty, fairness, or integrity in one's beliefs and actions:a man of honor.
    2. a source of credit or distinction:to be an honor to one's family.
    3. high respect, as for worth, merit, or rank:to be held in honor.
    4. such respect manifested:a memorial in honor of the dead.
    5. high public esteem; fame;
      glory:He has earned his position of honor.
    6. the privilege of being associated with or receiving a favor from a respected person, group, organization, etc.:to have the honor of serving on a prize jury; I have the honor of introducing this evening's speaker.
    7. Usually,honors. evidence, as a special ceremony, decoration, scroll, or title, of high rank, dignity, or distinction:political honors; military honors.
    8. (cap.) a deferential title of respect, esp. for judges and mayors (prec. by His, Her, Your, etc.).
    9. honors: 
      • special rank or distinction conferred by a university, college, or school upon a student for eminence in scholarship or success in some particular subject.
      • an advanced course of study for superior students. Cf. honors course.
    10. chastity or purity in a woman.
    11. Also called honor card. [Cards.]
      • [Bridge.]any of the five highest trump cards, as an ace, king, queen, jack, or ten in the trump suit, or any of the four aces in a no-trump contract. Cf. honor trick.
      • [Whist.]any of the four highest trump cards, as an ace, king, queen, or jack in the trump suit.
    12. Sport[Golf.]the privilege of teeing off before the other player or side, given after the first hole to the player or side that won the previous hole.
    13. Idiomsbe on or upon one's honor, to accept and acknowledge personal responsibility for one's actions:West Point cadets are on their honor not to cheat on an exam.
    14. do honor to: 
      • to show respect to.
      • to be a credit to:Such good students would do honor to any teacher.
    15. Idiomsdo the honors, to serve or preside as host, as in introducing people, or carving or serving at table:Father did the honors at the family Thanksgiving dinner.

    v.t. 
  • to hold in honor or high respect; revere:to honor one's parents.
  • to treat with honor.
  • to confer honor or distinction upon:The university honored him with its leadership award.
  • to worship (the Supreme Being).
  • to show a courteous regard for:to honor an invitation.
  • Business[Com.]to accept or pay (a draft, check, etc.):All credit cards are honored here.
  • to accept as valid and conform to the request or demands of (an official document).
  • Music and Dance(in square dancing) to meet or salute with a bow.

  • adj. 
  • of, pertaining to, or noting honor.
  • Also,[esp. Brit.,]honour. 
    Etymology:
    • Latin honōrāre, derivative of honor
    • Anglo-French (h)on(o)urer
    • Latin honōr- (stem of honor, earlier honōs); (verb, verbal) Middle English
    • Anglo-French (Old French (h)onor, onur)
    • (noun, nominal) Middle English (h)on(o)ur 1150–1200
    honor•er, n. 
    honor•less, adj. 
    Honor, honesty, integrity, sincerity refer to the highest moral principles and the absence of deceit or fraud. Honor denotes a fine sense of, and a strict conformity to, what is considered morally right or due:a high sense of honor; on one's honor.Honesty denotes the presence of probity and particularly the absence of deceit or fraud, esp. in business dealings:uncompromising honesty and trustworthiness.Integrity indicates a soundness of moral principle that no power or influence can impair:a man of unquestioned integrity and dependability.Sincerity implies absence of dissimulation or deceit, and a strong adherence to truth:His sincerity was evident in every word.3 . deference, homage; reverence, veneration. Honor, consideration, distinction refer to the regard in which one is held by others. Honor suggests a combination of liking and respect:His colleagues held him in great honor.Consideration suggests honor because of proved worth:a man worthy of the highest consideration.Distinction suggests particular honor because of qualities or accomplishments:She achieved distinction as a violinist at an early age.5 . distinction.16 . esteem, venerate. ant'> 1 . dishonor, dishonesty.

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    on /ɒn/ prep
    1. in contact or connection with the surface of; at the upper surface of: an apple on the ground, a mark on the table cloth
    2. attached to: a puppet on a string
    3. carried with: I've no money on me
    4. in the immediate vicinity of; close to or along the side of: a house on the sea, this verges on the ridiculous!
    5. within the time limits of a day or date: he arrived on Thursday
    6. being performed upon or relayed through the medium of: what's on the television?
    7. at the occasion of: on his retirement
    8. used to indicate support, subsistence, contingency, etc: he lives on bread, it depends on what you want
    9. regularly taking (a drug): she's on the pill
    10. addicted to: he's on heroin
    11. by means of (something considered as a mode of transport) (esp in such phrases as on foot, on wheels, on horseback, etc)
    12. in the process or course of: on a journey, on strike
    13. concerned with or relating to: a tax on potatoes, a programme on archaeology
    14. used to indicate the basis, grounds, or cause, as of a statement or action: I have it on good authority
    15. against: used to indicate opposition: they marched on the city at dawn
    16. used to indicate a meeting or encounter: he crept up on her
    17. (used with an adjective preceded by the) indicating the manner or way in which an action is carried out: on the sly, on the cheap
    18. informal staked or wagered as a bet: ten pounds on that horse
    19. charged to: the drinks are on me
    adv (often used as a particle)
    1. in the position or state required for the commencement or sustained continuation, as of a mechanical operation: the radio's been on all night
    2. attached to, surrounding, or placed in contact with something
    3. in a manner indicating continuity, persistence, concentration, etc: don't keep on about it, the play went on all afternoon
    4. in a direction towards something, esp forwards; so as to make progress: we drove on towards London, march on!
    5. on and off, off and onintermittently; from time to time
    6. on and onwithout ceasing; continually
    adj
    1. functioning; operating: turn the switch to the on position
    2. (postpositive) informal performing, as on stage: I'm on in five minutes
    3. definitely taking place: the match is on for Friday, their marriage is still on
    4. tolerable, practicable, acceptable, etc: your plan just isn't on
    5. on atinformal nagging: she was always on at her husband
    6. (of a bowler) bowling
    n
    1. (modifier) relating to or denoting the leg side of a cricket field or pitch: the on side, an on drive
    2. (in combination) used to designate certain fielding positions on the leg side: long-on, mid-on
    Etymology: Old English an, on; related to Old Saxon an, Old High German, Gothic ana



    ON abbreviation for
    1. Old Norse
    2. (esp in postal addresses) Ontario



    On /ɒn/ n
    1. the ancient Egyptian and biblical name for Heliopolis



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