WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
pal•an•quin  (pal′ən kēn),USA pronunciation n. 
  • British Empire(formerly in India and other Eastern countries) a passenger conveyance, usually for one person, consisting of a covered or boxlike litter carried by means of poles resting on the shoulders of several men.
  • Also,  pal′an•keen.  pal′an•quiner, pal′an•keener, n. 
    pal′an•quining•ly, pal′an•keening•ly, adv. 
    • Portuguese palanquim Pali pallaṅka, Sanskrit palyaṅka; compare Oriya pālaṅki
    • Dutch pallankin
    • Middle French
    • 1580–90


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    palanquin, palankeen /ˌpælənˈkiːn/ n
    1. a covered litter, formerly used in the Orient, carried on the shoulders of four men
    Etymology: 16th Century: from Portuguese palanquim, from Prakrit pallanka, from Sanskrit paryanka couch



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