WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
pal•li•um  (palē əm),USA pronunciation n., pl.  pal•li•a (palē əm),USA pronunciation  pal•li•ums. 
  1. Antiquitya large, rectangular mantle worn by men in ancient Greece and Rome.
  2. Religion[Eccles.]
    • a woolen vestment worn by the pope and conferred by him on archbishops, consisting, in its present form, of a narrow ringlike band that rests on the shoulders, with two dependent bands or lappets, one in front and one behind.
    • an altar cloth;
      a pall.
  3. Anatomythe entire cortex of the cerebrum.
  4. Zoologya mantle, as of a mollusk or bird.
  • Latin (not attested in Middle English); see pall1
  • Old English bef. 1150


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

pallium /ˈpælɪəm/ n ( pl -lia / -lɪə/, -liums)
  1. a garment worn by men in ancient Greece or Rome, made by draping a large rectangular cloth about the body
  2. chiefly a woollen vestment consisting of a band encircling the shoulders with two lappets hanging from it front and back: worn by the pope, all archbishops, and (as a mark of special honour) some bishops

  3. Also called: mantle the cerebral cortex and contiguous white matter
  4. another name for mantle
Etymology: 16th Century: from Latin: cloak; related to Latin palla mantle



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