Medieval Latin perdōnāre to remit, overlook, literally, to forgive, equivalent. to Latin per-for- (see per-) + dōnāre to give; see donate; Medieval Latin verb, verbal perh. a translation from Gmc
Old French pardon (noun, nominal) remission, indulgence, noun, nominal derivative of pardoner (verb, verbal)
Middle English (noun, nominal and verb, verbal) 1250–1300
3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged absolution, remission. Pardon,amnesty,reprieve are nouns referring to the cancellation, or delay with the possibility of eventual cancellation, of a punishment or penalty assigned for the violation of a military regulation or a civil law; absolution from guilt is not implied, merely a remission of the penalty. A pardon is granted to an individual, often by the action of a government official such as a governor, president, or monarch, and releases the individual from any punishment due for the infraction of the law, as a death sentence, prison term, or fine:to be released from prison with a full pardon.An amnesty is a pardon granted to a group of persons for past offenses against a government; it often includes an assurance of no future prosecution:to grant amnesty to political prisoners; an amnesty period for delinquent taxpayers during which no penalties are assessed.A reprieve is a delay of impending punishment, especially a death sentence; it does not cancel or remit the punishment, it simply delays it, usually for a specific period of time or until a decision can be arrived at as to the possibility of pardon or reduction of sentence:a last-minute reprieve, allowing the filing of an appeal to the Supreme Court.
6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged acquit, clear. See excuse.
7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged forgive, absolve, condone, overlook.
5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged censure, blame.