WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
par•don /ˈpɑrdən/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. forgiveness for a wrong done to one:I beg your pardon.
  2. Law
    • Lawa legal release from the punishment for an unlawful act, given by a government official:The president issued him a full and complete pardon.

v. [+ object]
  1. (used without a subject as a polite command) to excuse;
    forgive:Pardon me for interfering.
  2. to release (a person) from the penalty for an unlawful act.

  1. (used with a rise in the voice at the end, when asking another speaker to repeat something):Pardon? I didn't quite catch that.
par•don•a•ble, adj. 
par•don•er, n. [countable]
    See excuse.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
par•don  (pärdn),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. kind indulgence, as in forgiveness of an offense or discourtesy or in tolerance of a distraction or inconvenience:I beg your pardon, but which way is Spruce Street?
  2. Law
    • a release from the penalty of an offense;
      a remission of penalty, as by a governor.
    • the document by which such remission is declared.
  3. forgiveness of a serious offense or offender.
  4. [Obs.]a papal indulgence.

  1. to make courteous allowance for or to excuse:Pardon me, madam.
  2. to release (a person) from liability for an offense.
  3. to remit the penalty of (an offense):The governor will not pardon your crime.

  1. (used, with rising inflection, as an elliptical form of I beg your pardon, as when asking a speaker to repeat something not clearly heard or understood.)
pardon•a•ble, adj. 
pardon•a•ble•ness, n. 
pardon•a•bly, adv. 
pardon•less, adj. 
  • Medieval Latin perdōnāre to remit, overlook, literally, to forgive, equivalent. to Latin per- for- (see per-) + dōnāre to give; see donate; Medieval Latin verb, verbal perh. a translation from Gmc
  • Old French pardon (noun, nominal) remission, indulgence, noun, nominal derivative of pardoner (verb, verbal)
  • Middle English (noun, nominal and verb, verbal) 1250–1300
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged absolution, remission.
      Pardon, amnesty, reprieve are nouns referring to the cancellation, or delay with the possibility of eventual cancellation, of a punishment or penalty assigned for the violation of a military regulation or a civil law;
      absolution from guilt is not implied, merely a remission of the penalty. A
      pardon is granted to an individual, often by the action of a government official such as a governor, president, or monarch, and releases the individual from any punishment due for the infraction of the law, as a death sentence, prison term, or fine:to be released from prison with a full pardon.An
      amnesty is a pardon granted to a group of persons for past offenses against a government;
      it often includes an assurance of no future prosecution:to grant amnesty to political prisoners; an amnesty period for delinquent taxpayers during which no penalties are assessed.A
      reprieve is a delay of impending punishment, especially a death sentence;
      it does not cancel or remit the punishment, it simply delays it, usually for a specific period of time or until a decision can be arrived at as to the possibility of pardon or reduction of sentence:a last-minute reprieve, allowing the filing of an appeal to the Supreme Court.
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged acquit, clear. See  excuse. 
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged forgive, absolve, condone, overlook.
    • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged censure, blame.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

pardon /ˈpɑːdən/ vb (transitive)
  1. to excuse or forgive (a person) for (an offence, mistake, etc): to pardon someone, to pardon a fault
  1. forgiveness; allowance
  2. release from punishment for an offence
  3. the warrant granting such release
  4. a Roman Catholic indulgence
sentence substitute
  1. Also: pardon me, I beg your pardon sorry; excuse me
  2. what did you say?
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French, from Medieval Latin perdōnum, from perdōnāre to forgive freely, from Latin per (intensive) + dōnāre to grant

ˈpardonable adj ˈpardonably adv

'pardon' also found in these entries:

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