WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
pa•ren•the•sis /pəˈrɛnθəsɪs/USA pronunciation   n.[countable]pl.  -ses 
    /-ˌsiz/.USA pronunciation  
  1. Printingeither or both of a pair of signs () used in writing to mark off an extra remark that interrupts, explains, or adds to what was said.
  2. Grammara word or phrase that interrupts, or adds something in this way, signaled in speech by intonation and in writing by commas, parentheses, or dashes, as Bill Smith—you've met him—is coming tonight.
par•en•thet•ic /ˌpærənˈθɛtɪk/USA pronunciation   par•en•thet•i•cal, adj.: He made a parenthetic(al) remark about how he never made good speeches, then continued with his speech.See -par-, -thes-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
pa•ren•the•sis  (pə renthə sis),USA pronunciation n., pl.  -ses 
    (-sēz′).USA pronunciation 
  1. Printingeither or both of a pair of signs ( ) used in writing to mark off an interjected explanatory or qualifying remark, to indicate separate groupings of symbols in mathematics and symbolic logic, etc.
  2. Usually,  parentheses. the material contained within these marks.
  3. Grammara qualifying, explanatory, or appositive word, phrase, clause, or sentence that interrupts a syntactic construction without otherwise affecting it, having often a characteristic intonation and indicated in writing by commas, parentheses, or dashes, as in William Smith—you must know him—is coming tonight.
  4. an interval.
  • Greek parénthesis a putting in beside. See par-, en-2, thesis
  • Late Latin
  • 1560–70

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

parenthesis /pəˈrɛnθɪsɪs/ n ( pl -ses / -ˌsiːz/)
  1. a phrase, often explanatory or qualifying, inserted into a passage with which it is not grammatically connected, and marked off by brackets, dashes, etc
  2. Also called: bracket either of a pair of characters, (), used to enclose such a phrase or as a sign of aggregation in mathematical or logical expressions
  3. an intervening occurrence; interlude; interval
  4. in parenthesisinserted as a parenthesis
Etymology: 16th Century: via Late Latin from Greek: something placed in besides, from parentithenai, from para-1 + en-² + tithenai to put

parenthetic /ˌpærənˈθɛtɪk/, ˌparenˈthetical adj ˌparenˈthetically adv

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