person

Listen:
 [ˈp3ːrsən]


For the noun: person
Plural form: persons

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
per•son /ˈpɜrsən/USA pronunciation   n. 
    [countable]
  1. a human being;
    a man, woman, or child:How many persons are there in the United States? Most persons have names; not all animals do. All persons must show proof of identity.
  2. the actual self or individual personality of a human being:I want to get to know you as a person, not just as my boss.
  3. the body of a living human being, sometimes including the clothes being worn:He had no money on his person.
  4. Grammara grammatical category for pronouns and verbs that distinguishes between the speaker of something said (the first person), the person spoken to (the second person), and other people or things spoken about (the third person).
Idioms
  1. Idiomsin person, directly and personally present (at a place), without a substitution:Applicants for this job must apply for it in person.


-person, suffix. 
  • Pronouns-person is used to replace some paired, sex-specific suffixes such as -man and -woman or -er1 and -ess: salesman/saleswoman are replaced by sales + -person → salesperson;
    waiter/waitress are replaced by wait + -person → waitperson.

  • WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
    per•son  (pûrsən),USA pronunciation n. 
    1. a human being, whether man, woman, or child:The table seats four persons.
    2. a human being as distinguished from an animal or a thing.
    3. Sociologyan individual human being, esp. with reference to his or her social relationships and behavioral patterns as conditioned by the culture.
    4. Philosophya self-conscious or rational being.
    5. the actual self or individual personality of a human being:You ought not to generalize, but to consider the person you are dealing with.
    6. the body of a living human being, sometimes including the clothes being worn:He had no money on his person.
    7. the body in its external aspect:an attractive person to look at.
    8. Literaturea character, part, or role, as in a play or story.
    9. an individual of distinction or importance.
    10. a person not entitled to social recognition or respect.
    11. Lawa human being(natural person) or a group of human beings, a corporation, a partnership, an estate, or other legal entity(artificial person or juristic person) recognized by law as having rights and duties.
    12. Grammara category found in many languages that is used to distinguish between the speaker of an utterance and those to or about whom he or she is speaking. In English there are three persons in the pronouns, the first represented by I and we, the second by you, and the third by he, she, it, and they. Most verbs have distinct third person singular forms in the present tense, as writes;
      the verb be has, in addition, a first person singular form am.
    13. Religion[Theol.]any of the three hypostases or modes of being in the Trinity, namely the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
    14. Idiomsbe one's own person, to be free from restrictions, control, or dictatorial influence:Now that she's working, she feels that she's her own person.
    15. Idiomsin person, in one's own bodily presence;
      personally:Applicants are requested to apply in person.
    • Greek prósōpa face, mask) + -na a suffix
    • Etruscan phersu (
    • Latin persōna role (in life, a play, or a tale) (Late Latin: member of the Trinity), origin, originally actor's mask
    • Middle English persone 1175–1225
      • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Person, individual, personage are terms applied to human beings.
        Person is the most general and common word:the average person.Individual views a person as standing alone or as a single member of a group:the characteristics of the individual;
        its implication is sometimes derogatory:a disagreeable individual.Personage is used (sometimes ironically) of an outstanding or illustrious person:We have a distinguished personage visiting us today.
      See  individual, party, people, they. 

    -person, 
  • Pronounsa combining form of  person, replacing in existing compound words such paired, sex-specific forms as  -man and  -woman or  -er 1 and  -ess: chairperson;
    salesperson;
    waitperson.
    • The -person compounds are increasingly used, especially in the press, on radio and television, and in government and corporate communications, with the object of avoiding sex discrimination in language. Earlier practice was to use -man as the final element in such compounds regardless of the sex of the person referred to (anchorman;
      businessman
      ) or to use -woman when referring to a woman (anchorwoman;
      businesswoman
      ). Some object to these new -person compounds on the grounds that they are awkward or unnecessary, insisting that the equivalent and long-used compounds in -man are generic, not sex-marked. Others reject the -man compounds as discriminatory when applied to women or to persons whose sex is unknown or irrelevant. See also  chairperson, -ess, lady, -man, -woman. 


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    person /ˈpɜːsən/ n ( pl persons)
    1. an individual human being
    2. the body of a human being, sometimes including his or her clothing: guns hidden on his person
    3. a grammatical category into which pronouns and forms of verbs are subdivided depending on whether they refer to the speaker, the person addressed, or some other individual, thing, etc
    4. a human being or a corporation recognized in law as having certain rights and obligations
    Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French persone, from Latin persōna mask, perhaps from Etruscan phersu mask



    -person suffix forming nouns
    1. sometimes used instead of -man and -woman or -lady: chairperson, salesperson
    USAGE
    -man




    'person' also found in these entries:
    Collocations: a [kind, friendly, nasty, violent, generous, sensible, responsible] person, a very important person, a [natural, living, artificial, normal] person, more...

    Forum discussions with the word(s) "person" in the title:


    Look up "person" at Merriam-Webster
    Look up "person" at dictionary.com

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