poach

Listen:
 [ˈpəʊtʃ]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
poach1 /poʊtʃ/USA pronunciation   v. 
  1. to enter into (someone else's land) in order to hunt animals illegally: [no object]The men poaching in the game preserve were armed with machine guns.[+ object]poaching the Masai Mara in search of elephants.
  2. to hunt for (game or fish) illegally: [no object]The men who were poaching had enough money to bribe the game wardens.[+ object]They were poaching elephants using submachine guns.
  3. to take without permission and use as one's own:[+ object]The salesmen were poaching his favorite clients.
poach•er, n. [countable]

poach2 /poʊtʃ/USA pronunciation   v. [+ object]
  1. Foodto cook (eggs, fish, etc.) in a hot liquid just below the boiling point.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
poach1  (pōch),USA pronunciation v.i. 
  1. to trespass, esp. on another's game preserve, in order to steal animals or to hunt.
  2. to take game or fish illegally.
  3. (of land) to become broken up or slushy by being trampled.
  4. Sport(in tennis, squash, handball, etc.) to play a ball hit into the territory of one's partner that is properly the partner's ball to play.
  5. Informal Termsto cheat in a game or contest.

v.t. 
  1. to trespass on (private property), esp. in order to hunt or fish.
  2. to steal (game or fish) from another's property.
  3. to take without permission and use as one's own:to poach ideas; a staff poached from other companies.
  4. to break or tear up by trampling.
  5. to mix with water and reduce to a uniform consistency, as clay.
poacha•ble, adj. 
  • Gmc; akin to poke1
  • Middle French pocher to gouge
  • earlier: to shove, thrust 1520–30

poach2  (pōch),USA pronunciation v.t. 
  1. Foodto cook (eggs, fish, fruits, etc.) in a hot liquid that is kept just below the boiling point.
poacha•ble, adj. 
  • Middle Dutch poke poke2
  • Middle French pocher literally, to bag (the yolk inside the white), derivative of poche bag (French poche pocket)
  • Middle English poche 1350–1400


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

poach /pəʊtʃ/ vb
  1. to catch (game, fish, etc) illegally by trespassing on private property
  2. to encroach on or usurp (another person's rights, duties, etc) or steal (an idea, employee, etc)
  3. to take or play (shots that should belong to one's partner)
  4. to break up (land) into wet muddy patches, as by riding over it, or (of land) to become broken up in this way
Etymology: 17th Century: from Old French pocher, of Germanic origin; compare Middle Dutch poken to prod; see poke1
poach /pəʊtʃ/ vb
  1. to simmer (eggs, fish, etc) very gently in water, milk, stock, etc
Etymology: 15th Century: from Old French pochier to enclose in a bag (as the yolks are enclosed by the whites); compare poke²



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