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poor relief

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
poor /pʊr/USA pronunciation   adj.,  -er, -est, n. 
  1. having little or no money or means of support:He came from a poor family.
  2. (of a country, etc.) not well supplied with natural resources or funds:one of the poorest countries in the world.
  3. lacking in something (mentioned):[be + ~]a region that is poor in minerals.
  4. faulty;
    below the usual standard:poor workmanship.
  5. lacking in ability or training:[before a noun]He was a poor cook.
  6. wretched;
    unfortunate:[before a noun]That poor cat looks so skinny and hungry.
  7. not much in amount;
    scanty or meager:poor attendance.

  1. the poor, [plural;  used with a plural verb] poor persons thought of as a group:aid for the poor.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
poor  (pŏŏr),USA pronunciation adj.,  -er, -est, n. 
  1. having little or no money, goods, or other means of support:a poor family living on welfare.
  2. Lawdependent upon charity or public support.
  3. (of a country, institution, etc.) meagerly supplied or endowed with resources or funds.
  4. characterized by or showing poverty.
  5. deficient or lacking in something specified:a region poor in mineral deposits.
  6. faulty or inferior, as in construction:poor workmanship.
  7. Agriculturedeficient in desirable ingredients, qualities, or the like:poor soil.
  8. Zoology, Animal Husbandryexcessively lean or emaciated, as cattle.
  9. of an inferior, inadequate, or unsatisfactory kind:poor health.
  10. lacking in skill, ability, or training:a poor cook.
  11. deficient in moral excellence; cowardly, abject, or mean.
  12. scanty, meager, or paltry in amount or number:a poor audience.
  13. humble;
    modest:They shared their poor meal with a stranger.
  14. unfortunate;
    hapless:The poor dog was limping.
  15. Idiomspoor as a church mouse, extremely poor.
  16. Idiomspoor as Job's turkey, extremely poor;

  1. (used with a pl. v.) poor persons collectively (usually prec. by the):sympathy for the poor.
poorness, n. 
  • Latin pauper. See pauper
  • Old French povre
  • Middle English pov(e)re 1150–1200
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged needy, indigent, necessitous, straitened, destitute, penniless, poverty-stricken.
      Poor, impecunious, impoverished, penniless refer to those lacking money.
      Poor is the simple term for the condition of lacking means to obtain the comforts of life:a very poor family.Impecunious often suggests that the poverty is a consequence of unwise habits:an impecunious actor.Impoverished often implies a former state of greater plenty, from which one has been reduced:the impoverished aristocracy.Penniless may mean destitute, or it may apply simply to a temporary condition of being without funds:The widow was left penniless with three small children.
    • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged meager.
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged unsatisfactory, shabby.
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged sterile, barren, unfruitful, unproductive.
    • 8.See corresponding entry in Unabridged thin, skinny, meager, gaunt.
    • 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged miserable, unhappy, pitiable.
    • 1, 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged rich.
    • 1, 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged
    • 4.See corresponding entry in Unabridged wealthy.
    In the North and North Midland U.S., the vowel of poor is most often (ŏŏ).USA pronunciation Poor and sure thus contrast with pour and shore: (pŏŏrUSA pronunciation ), (shŏŏr)USA pronunciation versus (pôr),USA pronunciation  (shôr)USA pronunciation or (pōr),USA pronunciation  (shōr).USA pronunciation In the South Midland and South, the vowel of poor is generally (ô)USA pronunciation or (ō)USA pronunciation (often with the final (r) dropped), which means that in these areas, poor and pour are homophones, as are sure and shore. Both types of pronunciation exist in the British Isles.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

poor /pʊə; pɔː/ adj
  1. lacking financial or other means of subsistence; needy
  2. characterized by or indicating poverty: the country had a poor economy
  3. deficient in amount; scanty or inadequate: a poor salary
  4. when postpositive, usually followed by in: badly supplied (with resources, materials, etc): a region poor in wild flowers
  5. lacking in quality; inferior
  6. (prenominal) deserving of pity; unlucky: poor John is ill again
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French povre, from Latin pauper; see pauper, poverty

ˈpoorness n

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