proportion

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 /prəˈpɔːʃən/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
pro•por•tion /prəˈpɔrʃən/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. a relation between things when compared to one another in regard to size, quantity, number, etc.[countable]A large proportion of the students came from Chinese-speaking countries.
  2. proper relation between things or parts[uncountable]to have a sense of proportion.
  3. symmetry[uncountable]The architect shows a fine sense of proportion in his designs.
  4. proportions, [plural] dimensions or size:a man of gigantic proportions.
See -par-.
WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
pro•por•tion  (prə pôrshən, -pōr-), 
n. 
  1. comparative relation between things or magnitudes as to size, quantity, number, etc.;
    ratio.
  2. proper relation between things or parts:to have tastes way out of proportion to one's financial means.
  3. relative size or extent.
  4. proportions, dimensions or size:a rock of gigantic proportions.
  5. a portion or part in its relation to the whole:A large proportion of the debt remains.
  6. symmetry, harmony, or balance:an architect with a sense of proportion.
  7. the significance of a thing or event that an objective view reveals:You must try to see these mishaps in proportion.
  8. Mathematics[Math.]a relation of four quantities such that the first divided by the second is equal to the third divided by the fourth;
    the equality of ratios. Cf.rule of three. 
  9. [Archaic.]analogy;
    comparison.

v.t. 
  1. to adjust in proper proportion or relation, as to size, quantity, etc.
  2. to balance or harmonize the proportions of.
Etymology:
  • Latin prōportiōn- (stem of prōportiō) symmetry, analogy. See pro-1, portion
  • Middle English proporcio(u)n 1350–1400
pro•portion•er, n. 
pro•portion•less, adj. 
1 . comparison. 5 . share. 6 . distribution, arrangement. See symmetry.  10 . regulate, arrange, balance, harmonize.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

proportion /prəˈpɔːʃən/ n
  1. the correct or desirable relationship between parts of a whole; balance or symmetry
  2. a part considered with respect to the whole
  3. (plural) dimensions or size: a building of vast proportions
  4. a share, part, or quota
  5. a relationship that maintains a constant ratio between two variable quantities: x increases in direct proportion to y
  6. a relationship between four numbers or quantities in which the ratio of the first pair equals the ratio of the second pair
vb (transitive)
  1. to adjust in relative amount, size, etc
  2. to cause to be harmonious in relationship of parts
Etymology: 14th Century: from Latin prōportiō (a translation of Greek analogia), from phrase prō portione, literally: for (its, his, one's) portion

proˈportionable adj proˈportionably adv proˈportionment n



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