WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
pu•pil1 /ˈpyupəl/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. Educationa person, usually young, who is learning from or being taught by a teacher at school or a private tutor;

pu•pil2 /ˈpyupəl/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. the opening in the iris of the eye that narrows and widens as more or less light passes through to the retina.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
pu•pil1  (pyo̅o̅pəl),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Educationa person, usually young, who is learning under the close supervision of a teacher at school, a private tutor, or the like;
  2. Law[Civil Law.]an orphaned or emancipated minor under the care of a guardian.
  3. Law[Roman Law.]a person under the age of puberty orphaned or emancipated, and under the care of a guardian.
pupil•less, adj. 
  • Latin pūpillus (masculine), pūpilla (feminine) orphan, ward, diminutives of pūpus boy, pūpa girl
  • Middle French
  • Middle English pupille 1350–1400
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged apprentice, novice.
      Pupil, disciple, scholar, student refer to a person who is studying, usually in a school. A
      pupil is one under the close supervision of a teacher, either because of youth or of specialization in some branch of study:a grade-school pupil; the pupil of a famous musician.A
      disciple is one who follows the teachings or doctrines of a person whom he or she considers to be a master or authority:a disciple of Swedenborg.Scholar, once meaning the same as
      pupil, is today usually applied to one who has acquired wide erudition in some field of learning:a great Latin scholar.A
      student is a person attending an educational institution or someone who has devoted much attention to a particular problem:a college student; a student of politics.

pu•pil2  (pyo̅o̅pəl),USA pronunciation n. [Anat.]
  1. the expanding and contracting opening in the iris of the eye, through which light passes to the retina. See diag. under  eye. 
pupil•less, adj. 
  • Latin pūpilla literally, little doll; for sense compare Greek kórē girl, doll, pupil of the eye, alluding to the tiny reflections visible in the pupils. See pupa
  • Middle English 1350–1400

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

pupil /ˈpjuːpəl/ n
  1. a student who is taught by a teacher, esp a young student
  2. a boy under 14 or a girl under 12 who is in the care of a guardian
Etymology: 14th Century: from Latin pupillus an orphan, from pūpus a child
pupil /ˈpjuːpəl/ n
  1. the dark circular aperture at the centre of the iris of the eye, through which light enters
Etymology: 16th Century: from Latin pūpilla, diminutive of pūpa girl, puppet; from the tiny reflections in the eye

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