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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
put /pʊt/USA pronunciation
v., put, put•ting, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to move (anything) into a specific location or position;
place[~ + object]Put your clothes back in your closet.
- to go or proceed[no object]The submarines put to sea.
- to bring into some condition, relation, etc.[~ + object]putting all one's affairs in order.
- to force (someone) to undergo something or set (someone) to a duty, task, or action, etc.[~ + object]They put me to work chopping wood.
- to provide musical accompaniment for (words); set[~ + object]putting a poem to music.
- to assign;
to place (something) in connection with something else in the mind[~ + object]to put the blame on others.
- to estimate[~ + object + at + object]I'd put the distance at about fifty miles.
- to bet or wager[~ + object + on + object]He put half a million dollars on the horse to win.
- to express or state[~ + object]To put it honestly, I don't care.
- to apply to a use or purpose[~ + object]She put her knowledge to good use.
- to submit for others to consider[~ + object]So I put it to you: Should we proceed or not?
- to impose[~ + object + on]to put a new sales tax on beverages.
- to invest[~ + object]She put all her savings into government bonds.
- to throw (a heavy metal ball)[~ + object]to put the shot.
put about, [Nautical.]
- [no object] to change direction, as on a course.
put across, to cause to be understood or received favorably: [~ + object + across]Can you put your ideas across better?[~ + across + object]to put across her message as a candidate.
put aside or by:
- [~ + object + about] to turn in a different direction:Put the ship about.
- to store up; save: [~ + object + aside]She had put some money aside.[~ + aside + object]She managed to put aside some money.
- to put out of the way: [~ + object + aside]putting that issue aside for the moment.[~ + aside + object]Put aside that issue.
- to put in the correct or named place for storage: [~ + object + away]Put the clothes away.[~ + away + object]Put away your clothes.
- to save, esp. for later use: [~ + object + away]She had put some money away.[~ + away + object]She put away some money.
- to drink or eat, esp. in large amounts: [~ + away + object]He can really put away those sandwiches![~ + object + away]He can really put it away when he's hungry.
- to confine or cause to be confined in a jail or a mental institution: [~ + away + object]put away the convict for twenty years.[~ + object + away]The judge put him away for twenty years.
- to write down; record: [~ + down + object]Put down your name on the list.[~ + object + down]He put his name down.
- to enter in a list, as of subscribers or contributors: [~ + object + down + for + object]Put me down for fifteen dollars.[~ + down + object + for + object]Put down Mr. Smith for (a donation of) fifty dollars.
- to suppress; crush;
defeat: [~ + down + object]The army put down the rebellion.[~ + object + down]The army put the rebellion down.
- [~ + object + down + to + object] to figure out or determine the reasons for; to attribute;
ascribe:Put the mistakes down to carelessness.
- [~ + object + down + as + object] to regard or categorize (someone as being a certain type):The committee put him down as a chronic complainer.
- to humiliate or embarrass; make (someone) feel foolish, insulted, or ridiculous: [~ + object + down]She put him down with that nasty insult.[~ + down + object]Don't feel bad; she puts down everybody who says anything nice to her.
- to pay (money) as a deposit: [~ + object + down]putting fifty dollars down on (= toward the purchase of) that refrigerator.[~ + down + object]I'm putting down fifty dollars now.
- [~ + object + down] to land an aircraft:He put the plane down in a field.
- to kill (an animal, esp. a pet) by methods that do not hurt or cause pain: [~ + object + down]They had to put their old dog down; he was so sick.[~ + down + object]It was hard for them to put down the old dog.
- [~ + forth + object] to bear:trees putting forth green shoots.
- to propose; present;
set out for others to consider: [~ + forth + object]putting forth all these new ideas.[~ + object + forth]putting them forth.
put in, [~ + in + object] to spend (time) as indicated:He put in twenty-five years at that job.
put in for, [~ + in + for + object] to apply for or request:to put in for a transfer.
- to propose; present;
set out for others to consider;
to advance: [~ + forward + object]He put forward a new plan to coordinate the departments.[~ + object + forward]He put a new plan forward.
- to postpone; defer: [~ + object + off]Can we put the meeting off?[~ + off + object]He put off the meeting.[~ + off + verb-ing]He put off discussing the problem with her.
- to get rid of by avoiding, evading, or delaying: [~ + object + off]Tell your secretary to put that salesman off until next week.[~ + off + object]Put off that salesman until next week.
- to disconcert or perturb: [~ + object + off]The book's nasty tone put us off.[~ + off + object]The book's tone will put off most readers.
- to clothe oneself in: [~ + object + on]Put your clothes on.[~ + on + object]Put on your clothes.
- [~ + on + object] to assume or pretend:He was putting on airs, pretending to be royalty or something.
- to produce or stage: [~ + on + object]put on a performance.[~ + object + on]They'll put a show on again in the spring.
- [~ + object + on][Informal.]to deceive (someone) as a joke; tease:You're putting me on—there really isn't a day off.
- [~ + on + object] to increase;
gain:You've put on weight.
- to extinguish, as a fire: [~ + object + out]Put the fire out.[~ + out + object]Put out the fire.
- [~ + object + out] to cause to be inconvenienced:I would be putting her out if I brought six uninvited guests for dinner.
- [~ + object + out][Baseball, Softball.]to cause to prevent from reaching base or scoring.
- [~ + out + object] to publish, broadcast, or make known:Who put out the story?
- [~ + object + through] to make a telephone connection for:Put me through to Los Angeles.
- to make (a telephone connection): [~ + object + through]to put a call through to Hong Kong.[~ + through + object]to put through a call to Hong Kong.
- [~ + object + through + object] to cause (someone) to suffer or endure (something):She put us through misery.
- to construct; erect: [~ + up + object]to put up a tent.[~ + object + up]to put a tent up.
- to can; preserve: [~ + up + object]to put up jelly.[~ + object + up]to put vegetables up for the winter.
- to provide or stake (money), as in gambling or business: [~ + up + object]Put up the cash or get out of the game.[~ + object + up]Put the cash up or get out of the game.
- to provide a place to sleep or stay for; to lodge: [~ + up + object]We can put up a few guests.[~ + object + up]We can put a few guests up.
- [~ + up + object] to mount or engage in, as opposition, a struggle, a fight, etc.:We'll have to put up a fight.
put upon, [no object] to be taken unfair advantage of; to be imposed upon:He felt very put upon in his new job.
put up to, [~ + object + up + to + object] to provoke or incite:Who put you up to these cowardly acts?
put up with, [~ + up + with + object] to tolerate:How can you put up with such intense pain?
- to offer, esp. for public sale: [~ + up + object]They put up their house for sale.[~ + object + up]They put their house up for sale.
- a throw, esp. with a forward motion of the hand.
- Idiomsput one's best foot forward, to try to make as good an impression as possible.
- Idiomsput oneself out, to take pains;
go to trouble or expense.
- Idiomsput something over on, [~ + object] to deceive.
(pŏŏt), v., put, put•ting, adj., n.
- to move or place (anything) so as to get it into or out of a specific location or position:to put a book on the shelf.
- to bring into some relation, state, etc.:to put everything in order.
- to place in the charge or power of a person, institution, etc.:to put a child in a special school.
- to subject to the endurance or suffering of something:to put convicted spies to death.
- to set to a duty, task, action, etc.:I put him to work setting the table.
- to force or drive to some course or action:to put an army to flight.
- to render or translate, as into another language:He put the novel into French.
- to provide (words) with music as accompaniment; set:to put a poem to music.
- to assign or attribute:You put a political interpretation on everything.
- to set at a particular place, point, amount, etc., in a scale of estimation:I'd put the distance at five miles.
- to bet or wager:to put two dollars on a horse.
- to express or state:To put it mildly, I don't understand.
- to apply, as to a use or purpose:to put one's knowledge to practical use.
- to set, give, or make:to put an end to an ancient custom.
- to propose or submit for answer, consideration, deliberation, etc.:to put a question before a committee.
- to impose, as a burden, charge, or the like:to put a tax on luxury articles.
- to invest (often fol. by in or into):to put one's money in real estate; to put one's savings into securities.
- to lay the blame of (usually fol. by on, to, etc.):He put my failure to lack of experience.
- to throw or cast, esp. with a forward motion of the hand when raised close to the shoulder:to put the shot.
- to go, move, or proceed:to put to sea.
- Informal Terms[Informal.]to begin to travel:to put for home.
- Botanyto shoot out or grow, or send forth shoots or sprouts.
- [Naut.]to change direction, as on a course.
- to start (a rumor); circulate.
- to inconvenience;
- to turn in a different direction.
- to cause to be understood or received favorably:She put across her new idea. He puts himself across well.
- to do successfully;
accomplish:to put a project across.
put aside or by:
- to be successful in (a form of deception):It was obviously a lie, but he put it across.
- Also,set aside. to put out of the way;
place to one side:Put aside your books and come for a walk.
- to put in the designated place for storage:Put away the groceries as soon as you get home.
- to save, esp. for later use:to put away a few dollars each week.
- to discard:Put away those childish notions.
- to drink or eat, esp. in a large quantity; finish off:to put away a hearty supper after jogging.
- to confine in a jail or a mental institution:He was put away for four years.
- to put to death by humane means:The dog was so badly injured that the veterinarian had to put it away.
- to write down; register;
- to enter in a list, as of subscribers or contributors:Put me down for a $10 donation.
- to suppress;
squelch:to put down a rebellion.
- to attribute; ascribe:We put your mistakes down to nervousness.
- to regard or categorize:He was put down as a chronic complainer.
- [Informal.]to criticize, esp. in a contemptuous manner; disparage;
- [Informal.]to humble, humiliate, or embarrass.
- to store for future use:to put down a case of wine.
- to dig or sink, as a well.
- to put (an animal) to death;
- to land an aircraft or in an aircraft:We put down at Orly after six hours.
- to bring out; bear;
grow:The trees are putting forth new green shoots.
- to propose;
present:No one has put forth a workable solution.
- to bring to public notice; publish:A new interpretation of the doctrine has been put forth.
- to exert;
exercise:We will have to put forth our best efforts to win.
- to set out; depart:Dark clouds threatened as we put forth from the shore.
- to propose;
advance:I hesitated to put forward my plan.
- to nominate, promote, or support, as for a position:We put him forward for treasurer.
- Also,put into. [Naut.]to enter a port or harbor, esp. for shelter, repairs, or provisions.
Slang Termsput in for, to apply for or request (something):I put in for a transfer to another department.
put it to, [Slang.]
- to spend (time) as indicated.
- to overburden with work, blame, etc.:They really put it to him in officer-training school.
- to take advantage of; cheat:That used car dealer put it to me good.
- to confuse or perturb;
repel:We were put off by the book's abusive tone.
- to get rid of by delay or evasion.
- to start out, as on a voyage.
- to launch (a boat) from shore or from another vessel:They began to put off the lifeboats as the fire spread.
- to clothe oneself with (an article of clothing).
- to assume insincerely or falsely;
- to cause to be performed;
- [Informal.]to tease (a person), esp. by pretending the truth of something that is untrue:You can't be serious-- you're putting me on, aren't you?
Idiomsput oneself out, to take pains;
- to act in a pretentious or ostentatious manner; exaggerate:All that putting on didn't impress anyone.
go to trouble or expense:She has certainly put herself out to see that everyone is comfortable.
- to extinguish, as a fire.
- to be vexed or annoyed:He was put out when I missed our appointment.
- to subject to inconvenience.
- [Baseball, Softball, Cricket.]to cause to be removed from an opportunity to reach base or score;
- to manufacture;
- to exert;
apply:They were putting out their best efforts.
- [Slang](vulgar). (of a woman) to engage in coitus.
- to succeed in; accomplish:It will take an exceptional administrator to put over this reorganization.
Idiomsput something over on, to take advantage of; deceive:He suspected that his friend had put something over on him, but he had no proof.
- to postpone;
defer:Discussion of this point will be put over until new evidence is introduced.
- to complete successfully;
execute:He was not able to put through his project.
- to bring about; effect:The proposed revisions have not as yet been put through.
- to make a telephone connection for:Put me through to Los Angeles.
- to make (a telephone connection):Put a call through to Hong Kong.
Idiomsput to it, to be confronted with a problem; have difficulty:We were put to it to find the missing notebook.
- to cause to undergo or endure:She's been put through a lot the past year.
- to can (vegetables, fruits, etc.);
preserve (jam, jelly, etc.).
- to set or arrange (the hair).
- to provide (money);
- to stake (money) to support a wager.
- to propose as a candidate;
nominate:Someone is going to put him up for president.
- to offer, esp. for public sale.
put upon, to take unfair advantage of;
- [Archaic.]to sheathe one's sword; stop fighting.
impose upon:Some of the employees felt put upon when they were asked to work late.
put up to, to provoke;
incite:Someone put him up to calling us.
put up with, to endure; tolerate;
bear:I couldn't put up with the noise any longer.
- Idiomsstay put, [Informal.]to remain in the same position;
refuse to move:The baby wouldn't stay put, and kept trying to climb out of the playpen.
- a throw or cast, esp. one made with a forward motion of the hand when raised close to the shoulder.
- BusinessAlso called put option. [Finance.]an option that gives the right to sell a fixed amount of a particular stock at a predetermined price within a given time, purchased by a person who expects the stock to decline. Cf.call (def. 65).
Etymology:bef. 1000; Middle English put(t)en to push, thrust, put, Old English *putian (as verb, verbal noun putung an impelling, inciting);
1 . Put, place, lay, set mean to bring or take an object (or cause it to go) to a certain location or position, there to leave it. Put is the general word:to put the dishes on the table;
akin to pytan, potian to push, goad, cognate with Old Norse pota to thrust, poke
to put one's hair up.Place is a more formal word, suggesting precision of movement or definiteness of location:He placed his hand on the Bible.Lay, meaning originally to cause to lie, and set, meaning originally to cause to sit, are used particularly to stress the position in which an object is put: lay usually suggests putting an object rather carefully into a horizontal position:to lay a pattern out on the floor.Set usually means to place upright:to set a child on a horse. 16 . levy, inflict.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
put /pʊt/ vb (puts, putting, put)(mainly tr)
- to cause to be (in a position or place): to put a book on the table
- to cause to be (in a state, relation, etc): to put one's things in order
- (followed by to) to cause (a person) to experience the endurance or suffering (of): to put to death, to put to the sword
- to set or commit (to an action, task, or duty), esp by force: he put him to work
- to render, transform, or translate: to put into English
- to set (words) in a musical form (esp in the phrase put to music)
- (followed by at) to estimate: he put the distance at fifty miles
- (followed by to) to utilize (for the purpose of): he put his knowledge to good use
- (followed by to) to couple a female animal (with a male) for the purpose of breeding: the farmer put his heifer to the bull
- to state; express: to put it bluntly
- to set or make (an end or limit): he put an end to the proceedings
- to present for consideration in anticipation of an answer or vote; propose: he put the question to the committee, I put it to you that one day you will all die
- to invest (money) in; give (support) to: he put five thousand pounds into the project
- to impart: to put zest into a party
- to throw or cast
- not know where to put oneself ⇒ to feel awkward or embarrassed
- stay put ⇒ to refuse to leave; keep one's position
See also put about
- a throw or cast, esp in putting the shot
Also called: put option an option to sell a stated amount of securities at a specified price during a specified limited period
, put acrossEtymology: 12th Century puten to push; related to Old English potian to push, Norwegian, Icelandic pota to poke