For the verb: "to read"

Simple Past: read
Past Participle: read

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
read1 /rid/USA pronunciation   v.,  read /rɛd/USA pronunciation   read•ing /ˈridɪŋ/USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. to look at so as to understand the meaning of (something written, printed, etc.): [+ object]reading the newspaper; could read music.[no object]When did she start reading?[+ (that) clause]I read that there was a big problem in your school.
  2. to say aloud or in speech (something written, printed, etc.): [+ object + to + object]to read a story to a child.[+ object + object]I read her a story.[+ to + object]The instructor read aloud to the class.
  3. to recognize and understand the meaning of (gestures, symbols, signals, or other communication):[+ object]to read braille; to read lips.
  4. to figure out the significance of, pattern behind, etc., by observing outward appearances:[+ object]to read the dark sky as the threat of a storm.
  5. to infer or guess at (something not expressed) from what is read, considered, or observed:[+ object + into + object]You're reading meanings into this incident that really aren't there.
  6. [not: be + ~-ing] to give or have a certain form or wording: [+ object]For "one thousand'' another version reads "ten thousand.''[no object]a rule that reads in two different ways.
  7. to register or indicate, as a thermometer:[not: be + ~-ing;  ~ + object]The temperature reads a balmy seventy-two degrees.
  8. to learn by or as if by reading:[+ object]to read a person's thoughts.
  9. to bring, put, etc., by reading:[+ object]to read oneself to sleep.
  10. Computing[+ object] (in computers) to obtain (data or programs) from an outside disk or tape and place in a computer's memory.
  11. British Termsto study (a subject), as at a university:[+ object]reading history at Oxford.
  12. to be readable in a certain way:[no object]The essay reads well.
  13. read up on, [+ up + on + object] to learn about by reading:I read up on the subject.

n. [countable]
  1. an act or instance of reading.
  2. something read:Her new novel is a good read.
  1. Idiomsread between the lines, [no object] to understand more than is directly stated.
  2. Idiomsread someone's lips, [used as a command] said to stress that what follows should already be clear:Read my lips—I don't want the job.

read2 /rɛd/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. having knowledge gained by reading:a well-read person.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
read1  (rēd),USA pronunciation  v.,  read  (red),USA pronunciation  read•ing  (rēding),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. to look at carefully so as to understand the meaning of (something written, printed, etc.):to read a book; to read music.
  2. to utter aloud or render in speech (something written, printed, etc.):reading a story to his children; The actor read his lines in a booming voice.
  3. to have such knowledge of (a language) as to be able to understand things written in it:to be able to read French.
  4. to apprehend the meaning of (signs, characters, etc.) otherwise than with the eyes, as by means of the fingers:to read Braille.
  5. to apprehend or interpret the meaning of (gestures, movements, signals, or the like):to read a semaphore; to read sign language.
  6. to make out the significance of by scrutiny or observation:to read the cloudy sky as the threat of a storm; a fisherman skilled in reading a stream for potential pools.
  7. to anticipate, expect, or calculate by observation:At the line of scrimmage, the quarterback read a blitz and called an audible.
  8. to foresee, foretell, or predict:to read a person's fortune in tea leaves.
  9. to make out the character, motivations, desires, etc., of (a person or persons), as by the interpretation of outward signs.
  10. to interpret or attribute a meaning to (a written text), a musical composition, etc.):How do you read this clause in the contract?
  11. to infer (something not expressed or directly indicated) from what is read, considered, or observed:He read an underlying sarcasm into her letter. In your silence I read agreement to my plan.
  12. to adopt or give as a reading in a particular passage:For "one thousand'' another version reads "ten thousand.''
  13. to substitute or replace (a particular word or phrase) in a written text, usually to correct an error:Read "cavalry'' for "calvary.''
  14. Printingto check (printers' proofs, copy, etc.) for errors;
  15. to register or indicate, as a thermometer, clock, etc.
  16. Computingto obtain (data, programs, or control information) from an external storage medium or some other source and place in memory.
  17. British Termsto study (a subject), as at a university:to read law.
  18. to read the work of (an author):She is reading Kafka.
  19. to learn by or as if by reading:to read a person's thoughts.
  20. Radio and Televisionto hear and understand (a transmitted radio message or the person transmitting it);
    receive:I read you loud and clear.
  21. to bring, put, etc., by reading:to read oneself to sleep.
  22. to give one (a lecture or lesson) by way of admonition or rebuke.
  23. to discover or explain the meaning of (a riddle, dream, etc.).

  1. to read or peruse written or printed matter.
  2. to utter aloud or render in speech written or printed words that one is perusing:to read to a person.
  3. to give a public reading or recital.
  4. to inspect and apprehend the meaning of written or other signs or characters.
  5. to occupy oneself seriously with reading or study.
  6. to obtain knowledge or learn of something by reading.
  7. to admit of being read, esp. properly or well.
  8. to have a certain wording.
  9. to admit of being interpreted:a rule that reads in two different ways.
  10. to register or indicate particular information, as the status or condition of something:Her blood pressure is reading a little low today.
  11. to have an effect or make an impression;
    show forth:Those battle photographs read with great impact.
  12. Computingto read data, programs, or control information.
  13. read between the lines. See  line 1 (def. 69).
  14. read for, (of an actor) to audition for (a role, a play, etc.).
  15. Computingread in, to place (data, programs, or control information) in memory.
  16. read lips, to study the lip movements of a speaker who cannot be heard so as to determine the words being uttered.
  17. Computingread out: 
    • to read aloud, as for someone's attention.
    • Computingto retrieve (information) from a computer.
  18. read out of, to oust from membership in (a political party or other group) by a public announcement of dismissal:He was read out of the association because of alleged subversive activities.
  19. Sportread the green. [Golf.]See  green (def. 30).
  20. read the riot act. See  Riot Act (def. 2).
  21. read up on, to learn about by reading;
    gather information on;
    research by reading:You'd better read up on World War I before taking the history test.

  1. an act or instance of reading:Give the agreement a careful read before you sign it.
  2. something that is read:Her new novel is a wonderful read.
  • bef. 900; Middle English reden, Old English rǣdan to counsel, read; cognate with Dutch raden, German raten, Old Norse rātha; akin to Sanskrit rādhnoti (he) achieves
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged peruse, scan, note, study.

read2  (red),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. having knowledge gained by reading (usually used in combination):a well-read person.
  • past participle of read1 1580–90

Read  (rēd),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. BiographicalGeorge, 1733–98, American political leader: served in the Continental Congress 1774–77.
  2. BiographicalSir Herbert, 1893–1968, English critic and poet.
  3. a male given name: from an Old English word meaning "red.''

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

read /riːd/ vb (reads, reading, read /rɛd/)
  1. to comprehend the meaning of (something written or printed) by looking at and interpreting the written or printed characters
  2. when tr, often followed by out: to look at, interpret, and speak aloud (something written or printed)
  3. (transitive) to interpret the significance or meaning of through scrutiny and recognition: he read the sky and predicted rain, to read a map
  4. (transitive) to interpret or understand the meaning of (signs, characters, etc) other than by visual means: to read Braille
  5. (transitive) to have sufficient knowledge of (a language) to understand the written or printed word
  6. (transitive) to discover or make out the true nature or mood of: to read someone's mind
  7. to interpret or understand (something read) in a specified way, or (of something read) to convey a particular meaning or impression: I read this speech as satire, this book reads well
  8. (transitive) to adopt as a reading in a particular passage: for ``boon'' read ``bone''
  9. (intransitive) to have or contain a certain form or wording: the sentence reads as follows
  10. to undertake a course of study in (a subject): to read history, read for the bar
  11. to gain knowledge by reading: he read about the war
  12. (transitive) to register, indicate, or show: the meter reads 100
  13. (transitive) to bring or put into a specified condition by reading: to read a child to sleep
  14. (transitive) to hear and understand, esp when using a two-way radio: we are reading you loud and clear
  15. to obtain (data) from a storage device, such as magnetic tape
  16. read a lesson, read a lectureinformal to censure or reprimand, esp in a long-winded manner
  1. matter suitable for reading: this new book is a very good read
  2. the act of reading

See also read into, read out, read upEtymology: Old English rǣdan to advise, explain; related to Old Frisian rēda, Old High German rātan, Gothic garēdan
read /rɛd/ vb
  1. the past tense and past participle of read1
  1. having knowledge gained from books (esp in the phrases widely read, well-read)
  2. take something as readto take something for granted as a fact; understand or presume

'read' also found in these entries:

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