WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
re•coil /v. rɪˈkɔɪl; n. ˈriˌkɔɪl, rɪˈkɔɪl/USA pronunciation
v. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
- to jump or shrink back suddenly, as in alarm, horror, or disgust.
- to spring or fly back because of force of impact or because of a shooting of a bullet:The rifle recoiled.
- the act or an instance of recoiling: [uncountable]very little recoil with this gun.[countable]a small recoil.
(rē koil′),USA pronunciation v.t., v.i.
- to coil again.
re- + coil1]
(v. ri koil′;n. rē′koil′, ri koil′),USA pronunciation v.i.
- to draw back;
start or shrink back, as in alarm, horror, or disgust.
- to spring or fly back, as in consequence of force of impact or the force of the discharge, as a firearm.
- to spring or come back;
react (usually fol. by on or upon):Plots frequently recoil upon the plotters.
- Physics(of an atom, a nucleus, or a particle) to undergo a change in momentum as a result either of a collision with an atom, a nucleus, or a particle or of the emission of a particle.
- an act of recoiling.
- the distance through which a weapon moves backward after discharging.
- Old French reculer, equivalent. to re- re- + -culer, verb, verbal derivative of cul rump, buttocks; see culet
- Middle English recoilen, reculen (verb, verbal) 1175–1225
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged withdraw, quail, flinch, falter. See wince.
- 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged rebound.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
recoil vb /rɪˈkɔɪl/(intransitive)
n /rɪˈkɔɪl; ˈriːkɔɪl/
- to jerk back, as from an impact or violent thrust
- (often followed by from) to draw back in fear, horror, or disgust
- followed by on or upon: to go wrong, esp so as to hurt the perpetrator
- (of a nucleus, atom, molecule, or elementary particle) to change momentum as a result of the emission of a photon or particle
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French reculer, from re- + cul rump, from Latin cūlusreˈcoiler n
- the backward movement of a gun when fired
- the distance moved
- the motion acquired by a particle as a result of its emission of a photon or other particle
- the act of recoiling
'recoil' also found in these entries: