WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
roll /roʊl/USA pronunciation
a register, catalog, or list, as of a class:The teacher called the roll but my name wasn't on it.
anything rolled up in a ringlike or long, rounded form, as a length of cloth, wallpaper, etc.:a roll of Scotch tape.
a rounded mass of something:rolls of fat on his stomach.
Fooda small cake of bread folded over before baking:coffee and a roll.
an act or instance of rolling or swaying:the sickening roll of the ship.
a deep, long sound, as of thunder or drums:a roll of thunder.
- to move along a surface by turning over and over: [no object]A huge stone rolled down the hill.[~ + object]They rolled a huge stone down on their enemies.
- to move or be moved on wheels: [~ + object]He rolled the car a few feet from the edge of the cliff.[no object]The car rolled to a stop.
- to (cause to) flow with a continuing or swaying motion: [no object]Tears rolled down her face.[~ + object]The waves were rolling the ship up and down.
- [no object] to extend in waves, as land:The hills rolled into the distance.
- [no object] to move along or elapse, as time:The years rolled by, and before we knew it she was all grown up.
- to make or have a deep, continuing sound, as thunder: [no object]The drums rolled and the parade began.[~ + object]to roll their drums.
- (of the eyes) to turn around in different directions: [no object]His eyes rolled wildly in his head.[~ + object]He rolled his eyes and looked up.
- to begin to move or operate:Let's roll at sunrise.
- to make progress; advance:The project is really rolling now.
- to curl, cover, or fold up so as to form a rounded object: [~ + object]to roll a ball of string; She rolled the string into a ball.[no object;
~ + up]The map rolls up easily.[~ + up + object]He rolled up the map.[~ + object + up]He rolled the map up.
- [~ + object] to trill:to roll one'sr 's.
- to spread out flat, as with a rolling pin: [~ + object]She rolled the pastry dough and made a pie crust.[~ + out + object]He rolled out the pizza dough.[~ + object + out]He rolled the dough out and added sauce and cheese.
- (in certain games, as craps) to throw (dice): [~ + object]He rolled a seven.[no object]Whose turn is it to roll?
- Slang Terms[~ + object][Slang.]to rob, esp. by going through the pockets of a victim who is asleep or drunk.
- roll back, to reduce (prices, etc.) to a former level: [~ + back + object]The company wants to roll back wages and benefits.[~ + object + back]The company wants to roll wages back to pre-1993 rates.
- [no object][Informal.]to arrive, esp. in large quantity:When does the money start rolling in?See rolling below.
- to turn over, as a person lying down: [no object]She groaned, rolled over, and went back to sleep.[~ + over + object]We rolled over the body and examined the wound.[~ + object + over]to roll it over.
- to reinvest (funds), as from one stock into another: [~ + over + object]How do you know when it's a good time to roll over the funds?[~ + object + over]to roll the funds over.[no object]When the funds roll over, the profit will be yours to keep.
- to fold the edges of (sleeves, cuffs, etc.): [~ + up + object]Roll up your sleeves and let's get to work.[~ + object + up]Roll your pants up and step into the water.
- to gather in increasing amounts: [~ + up + object]The company continues to roll up massive profits.[~ + object + up]to keep rolling them up.[no object]Profits kept rolling up.
- [no object] to arrive in a car, etc.:She rolled up in a huge limousine.
- Idioms, Gameson a roll, experiencing a time of success:She's on a roll now; everything is going her way.
- Idioms, roll with the punches, to deal with difficulty by remaining flexible.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
roll /rəʊl/ vb
- to move or cause to move along by turning over and over
- to move or cause to move along on wheels or rollers
- to flow or cause to flow onwards in an undulating movement
- (intransitive) (of animals, etc) to turn onto the back and kick: the hills roll down to the sea
- (intransitive) to extend in undulations: the hills roll down to the sea
- (intransitive) usually followed by around: to move or occur in cycles
- (intransitive) (of a planet, the moon, etc) to revolve in an orbit
- (intr; followed by on, by, etc) to pass or elapse: the years roll by
- to rotate or cause to rotate wholly or partially: to roll one's eyes
- to curl, cause to curl, or admit of being curled, so as to form a ball, tube, or cylinder; coil
- to make or form by shaping into a ball, tube, or cylinder: to roll a cigarette
- (often followed by out) to spread or cause to spread out flat or smooth under or as if under a roller: to roll the lawn, to roll pastry
- to emit, produce, or utter with a deep prolonged reverberating sound: the thunder rolled continuously
- to trill or cause to be trilled: to roll one's r's
- (intransitive) (of a vessel, aircraft, rocket, etc) to turn from side to side around the longitudinal axis
- to cause (an aircraft) to execute a roll or (of an aircraft) to execute a roll (sense 40)
(of an aircraft) to execute or cause an aircraft to execute a roll
- (intransitive) to walk with a swaying gait, as when drunk; sway
- to throw (dice)
- (intransitive) to operate or begin to operate: the presses rolled
- (intransitive) informal to make progress; move or go ahead: let the good times roll
- (transitive) informal chiefly US NZ to rob (a helpless person, such as someone drunk or asleep)
See also roll in
- the act or an instance of rolling
- anything rolled up in a cylindrical form: a roll of newspaper
- an official list or register, esp of names: an electoral roll
- a rounded mass: rolls of flesh
- a cylinder used to flatten something; roller
- a small loaf of bread for one person: eaten plain, with butter, or as a light meal when filled with meat, cheese, etc
- a flat pastry or cake rolled up with a meat (sausage roll), jam (jam roll), or other filling
- a swell, ripple, or undulation on a surface: the roll of the hills
- a swaying, rolling, or unsteady movement or gait
- a deep prolonged reverberating sound: the roll of thunder
- a trilling sound; trill
- a very rapid beating of the sticks on a drum
- a flight manoeuvre in which an aircraft makes one complete rotation about its longitudinal axis without loss of height or change in direction
- slang an act of sexual intercourse or petting (esp in the phrase a roll in the hay)
- US slang an amount of money, esp a wad of paper money
- on a roll ⇒ slang experiencing continued good luck or success
- strike off the roll, strike off the rolls ⇒ to expel from membership
- to debar (a solicitor) from practising, usually because of dishonesty
, roll onEtymology: 14th Century rollen, from Old French roler, from Latin rotulus a little wheel, from rota a wheel
'roll' also found in these entries: