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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
root1 /rut, rʊt/USA pronunciation
n. [countable]WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- Botanya part of the body of a plant that develops downward into the soil.
- something resembling the root of a plant in position or function.
- Anatomythe part of a hair, tooth, etc., holding it to the main part of the body.
- the fundamental part;
the source or origin of a thing:the root of all evil.
- roots, [plural]
- the original home and culture of a person or of one's ancestors:When he discovered he was adopted he began a search for his roots.
- the personal qualities that one finds appealing about a place;
one's true home:returned to his roots after years of travel.
- a number that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given number:2 is the square root of 4.
- Grammar, Linguisticsa part of a word, or the word itself, present in other forms of that word:The word dancer has the root dance; the root of the word extend is Latin -tend-.
- to become fixed or established:[no object]Will these plants root well?
- to fix by or as if by roots:[~ + object]rooted to the spot in amazement.
- Agriculture to pull, tear, or dig up by the roots:[~ (+ out/up) + object]He rooted (out) the weeds from the garden.
- to remove completely: [~ + out + object]promised to root out crime from the city.[~ + object + out]to root crime out.
root2 /rut, rʊt/USA pronunciation
- Idiomstake root, [no object]
- Botanyto send out roots;
begin to grow:The new plant has taken root.
- to become established:Her ideas took root and grew.
root3 /rut/USA pronunciation
v. [~ + for + object]
- Animal Behaviorto turn up the soil with the nose, as pigs do: [no object]The pigs rooted around looking for food.[~ + up + object]rooting up a few nuts and seeds.[~ + object + up]rooting a few potatoes up.
- to poke, pry, or search:[no object]He rooted around in the drawer for a cuff link.
- to find out and bring to the attention of others: [~ + up/out + object]managed to root up some very damaging information from the files.[~ + object + up/out]to root some information up for blackmail.
root•er, n. [countable]
- to support a team or player by cheering strongly:rooted for the basketball team.
- to lend support:We're all rooting for you.
(ro̅o̅t, rŏŏt),USA pronunciation n.
- Botanya part of the body of a plant that develops, typically, from the radicle and grows downward into the soil, anchoring the plant and absorbing nutriment and moisture.
- Botanya similar organ developed from some other part of a plant, as one of those by which ivy clings to its support.
- Botanyany underground part of a plant, as a rhizome.
- something resembling or suggesting the root of a plant in position or function:roots of wires and cables.
- Anatomythe embedded or basal portion of a hair, tooth, nail, nerve, etc.
- the fundamental or essential part:the root of a matter.
- the source or origin of a thing:The love of money is the root of all evil.
- a person or family as the source of offspring or descendants.
- Botanyan offshoot or scion.
- a quantity that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given quantity:The number 2 is the square root of 4, the cube root of 8, and the fourth root of 16.
- rth root, the quantity raised to the power 1/r:The number 2 is the &fracnumer;
root of 8.
- a value of the argument of a function for which the function takes the value zero.
- Grammar, Linguistics
- a morpheme that underlies an inflectional or derivational paradigm, as dance, the root in danced, dancer, or ten-, the root of Latin tendere "to stretch.''
- such a form reconstructed for a parent language, as *sed-, the hypothetical proto-Indo-European root meaning "sit.''
- a person's original or true home, environment, and culture:He's lived in New York for twenty years, but his roots are in France.
- the personal relationships, affinity for a locale, habits, and the like, that make a country, region, city, or town one's true home:He lived in Tulsa for a few years, but never established any roots there.
- personal identification with a culture, religion, etc., seen as promoting the development of the character or the stability of society as a whole.
- Music and Dance
- the fundamental tone of a compound tone or of a series of harmonies.
- the lowest tone of a chord when arranged as a series of thirds;
- Mechanical Engineering(in a screw or other threaded object) the narrow inner surface between threads. Cf. crest (def. 18), flank (def. 7).
- Mechanical Engineering(in a gear) the narrow inner surface between teeth.
- British Terms[Australian Informal.]an act of sexual intercourse.
- Nautical, Naval Terms[Shipbuilding.]the inner angle of an angle iron.
- root and branch, utterly;
entirely:to destroy something root and branch.
- take root:
- Botanyto send out roots;
begin to grow.
- to become fixed or established:The prejudices of parents usually take root in their children.
- to become fixed or established.
- to fix by or as if by roots:We were rooted to the spot by surprise.
- to implant or establish deeply:Good manners were rooted in him like a second nature.
- Agricultureto pull, tear, or dig up by the roots (often fol. by up or out).
- to extirpate;
remove completely (often fol. by up or out):to root out crime.
- Old Norse rōt; akin to Old English wyrt plant, wort2, German Wurzel, Latin rādīx (see radix), Greek rhíza (see rhizome); (verb, verbal) Middle English roten, rooten, derivative of the noun, nominal
- bef. 1150; (noun, nominal) Middle English; late Old English rōt
(ro̅o̅t, rŏŏt),USA pronunciation
- 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged basis.
- 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged beginning, derivation, rise, fountainhead.
- 8.See corresponding entry in Unabridged parent.
- 23.See corresponding entry in Unabridged eradicate.
- Animal Behaviorto turn up the soil with the snout, as swine.
- to poke, pry, or search, as if to find something:to root around in a drawer for loose coins.
- Animal Behaviorto turn over with the snout (often fol. by up).
- to unearth;
bring to light (often fol. by up).
root3 (ro̅o̅t or, sometimes, rŏŏt),USA pronunciation
- variant of obsolete wroot (Old English wrōtan, akin to wrōt a snout) 1530–40
- to encourage a team or contestant by cheering or applauding enthusiastically.
- to lend moral support:The whole group will be rooting for him.
- perh. variant of rout4 1885–90, American.
Root (ro̅o̅t),USA pronunciation
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged cheer, applaud, boost, support.
(el′ə hyo̅o̅′),USA pronunciation 1845–1937, U.S. lawyer and statesman: Nobel peace prize 1912.
(wel′bərn),USA pronunciation 1851–91, U.S. architect.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
root /ruːt/ n
- the organ of a higher plant that anchors the rest of the plant in the ground, absorbs water and mineral salts from the soil, and does not bear leaves or buds
- (loosely) any of the branches of such an organ
- any plant part, such as a rhizome or tuber, that is similar to a root in structure, function, or appearance
- the essential, fundamental, or primary part or nature of something: your analysis strikes at the root of the problem
- (as modifier): the root cause of the problem
- the embedded portion of a tooth, nail, hair, etc
- origin or derivation, esp as a source of growth, vitality, or existence
- (plural) a person's sense of belonging in a community, place, etc, esp the one in which he was born or brought up
- a descendant
- the form of a word that remains after removal of all affixes; a morpheme with lexical meaning that is not further subdivisible into other morphemes with lexical meaning
- a number or quantity that when multiplied by itself a certain number of times equals a given number or quantity: 3 is a cube root of 27
- Also called: solution a number that when substituted for the variable satisfies a given equation
- (in harmony) the note forming the foundation of a chord
- Austral NZ slang sexual intercourse
- root and branch ⇒ (adverb) entirely; completely; utterly
- (adjective) thorough; radical; complete
Related adjective(s): radical
See also root out
- Also: take root (intransitive) to put forth or establish a root and begin to grow
- Also: take root (intransitive) to become established, embedded, or effective
- (transitive) to fix or embed with or as if with a root or roots
- Austral NZ slang to have sexual intercourse (with)
, rootsEtymology: Old English rōt, from Old Norse; related to Old English wyrt wortˈrooter n ˈrootˌlike adj ˈrooty adj ˈrootiness n
root /ruːt/ vb (intransitive)
Etymology: 16th Century: changed (through influence of root1) from earlier wroot, from Old English wrōtan; related to Old English wrōt snout, Middle Dutch wrōte moleˈrooter n
- (of a pig) to burrow in or dig up the earth in search of food, using the snout
- followed by about, around, in etc: informal to search vigorously but unsystematically
Etymology: 19th Century: perhaps a variant of Scottish rout to make a loud noise, from Old Norse rauta to roar
- (intransitive) usually followed by for: informal to give support to (a contestant, team, etc), as by cheering
'root' also found in these entries: