WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
root1 /rut, rʊt/USA pronunciation
[no object] to become fixed or established:Will these plants root well?
[~ + object] to fix by or as if by roots:rooted to the spot in amazement.
Agriculture[~ ( + out/up) + object] to pull, tear, or dig up by the roots:He rooted (out) the weeds from the garden.
to remove completely: [~ + out + object]promised to root out crime from the city.[~ + object + out]to root crime out.
- Botanya part of the body of a plant that develops downward into the soil.
- something resembling the root of a plant in position or function.
- Anatomythe part of a hair, tooth, etc., holding it to the main part of the body.
- the fundamental part;
the source or origin of a thing:the root of all evil.
- the original home and culture of a person or of one's ancestors:When he discovered he was adopted he began a search for his roots.
- the personal qualities that one finds appealing about a place; one's true home:returned to his roots after years of travel.
- a number that, when multiplied by itself a certain number of times, produces a given number:2 is the square root of 4.
- Grammar, Linguisticsa part of a word, or the word itself, present in other forms of that word:The word dancer has the root dance; the root of the word extend is Latin -tend-.
root2 /rut, rʊt/USA pronunciation
take root, [no object]
- to send out roots; begin to grow:The new plant has taken root.
- to become established:Her ideas took root and grew.
root3 /rut/USA pronunciation
v. [~ + for + object]
- Animal Behaviorto turn up the soil with the nose, as pigs do: [no object]The pigs rooted around looking for food.[~ + up + object]rooting up a few nuts and seeds.[~ + object + up]rooting a few potatoes up.
- [no object] to poke, pry, or search:He rooted around in the drawer for a cuff link.
- to find out and bring to the attention of others: [~ + up/out + object]managed to root up some very damaging information from the files.[~ + object + up/out]to root some information up for blackmail.
root•er, n. [countable]
- to support a team or player by cheering strongly:rooted for the basketball team.
- to lend support:We're all rooting for you.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
root /ruːt/ n
- the organ of a higher plant that anchors the rest of the plant in the ground, absorbs water and mineral salts from the soil, and does not bear leaves or buds
- (loosely) any of the branches of such an organ
- any plant part, such as a rhizome or tuber, that is similar to a root in structure, function, or appearance
- the essential, fundamental, or primary part or nature of something: your analysis strikes at the root of the problem
- (as modifier): the root cause of the problem
- the embedded portion of a tooth, nail, hair, etc
- origin or derivation, esp as a source of growth, vitality, or existence
- (plural) a person's sense of belonging in a community, place, etc, esp the one in which he was born or brought up
- a descendant
- the form of a word that remains after removal of all affixes; a morpheme with lexical meaning that is not further subdivisible into other morphemes with lexical meaning
- a number or quantity that when multiplied by itself a certain number of times equals a given number or quantity: 3 is a cube root of 27
- Also called: solution a number that when substituted for the variable satisfies a given equation
- (in harmony) the note forming the foundation of a chord
- Austral NZ slang sexual intercourse
- root and branch ⇒ (adverb) entirely; completely; utterly
- (adjective) thorough; radical; complete
Related adjective(s): radical
See also root out
- Also: take root (intransitive) to put forth or establish a root and begin to grow
- Also: take root (intransitive) to become established, embedded, or effective
- (transitive) to fix or embed with or as if with a root or roots
- Austral NZ slang to have sexual intercourse (with)
, rootsEtymology: Old English rōt, from Old Norse; related to Old English wyrt wortˈrooter n ˈrootˌlike adj ˈrooty adj ˈrootiness n
root /ruːt/ vb (intransitive)
Etymology: 16th Century: changed (through influence of root1) from earlier wroot, from Old English wrōtan; related to Old English wrōt snout, Middle Dutch wrōte moleˈrooter n
- (of a pig) to burrow in or dig up the earth in search of food, using the snout
- followed by about, around, in etc: informal to search vigorously but unsystematically
Etymology: 19th Century: perhaps a variant of Scottish rout to make a loud noise, from Old Norse rauta to roar
- (intransitive) usually followed by for: informal to give support to (a contestant, team, etc), as by cheering
'root' also found in these entries: