WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
rough /rʌf/USA pronunciation adj., -er, -est,n., adv., v. 

  • having a coarse or uneven surface;
    not smooth:rough, worn skin.
  • steep or uneven and covered with high grass, etc.; wild:rough country.
  • acting with or marked by violence:Hockey is a rough sport.
  • lacking in gentleness, care, or consideration:rough handling.
  • crude, rude, or lacking culture:a rough peasant.
  • difficult or unpleasant:a rough year for consumers.
  • dangerous because of violence or crime:He came from a rough neighborhood.
  • not perfected; unpolished:a rough draft.
  • approximate;
    not exact:a rough estimate.

  • n. [uncountable]
  • something rough, esp. ground.
  • Sportpart of a golf course bordering the fairway, on which the grass, weeds, etc., are not trimmed:The ball landed in the rough.
  • anything in its unfinished or early form, as a drawing:drawn in the rough.

  • adv. 
  • in a rough manner; roughly:I'm warning you, that mob plays rough.

  • v. 
  • rough up, to treat (someone) with physical violence: [+ up + object]The muggers roughed up their victim.[+ object + up]They always rough their victims up.
  • to make or shape roughly or in outline: [+ in + object]The designers roughed in the placement of the windows.[+ out + object]She roughed out a few plans.
  • idiom
    1. Idiomsrough it, [Informal.]to live without comforts or conveniences:roughed it in the bush for two years.

    rough•ness, n. [uncountable]

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    rough /rʌf/ adj
    1. (of a surface) not smooth; uneven or irregular
    2. (of ground) covered with scrub, boulders, etc
    3. denoting or taking place on uncultivated ground: rough grazing, rough shooting
    4. shaggy or hairy
    5. turbulent; agitated: a rough sea
    6. (of the performance or motion of something) uneven; irregular: a rough engine
    7. (of behaviour or character) rude, coarse, ill mannered, inconsiderate, or violent
    8. harsh or sharp: rough words
    9. informal severe or unpleasant: a rough lesson
    10. (of work, a task, etc) requiring physical rather than mental effort
    11. informal ill or physically upset: he felt rough after an evening of heavy drinking
    12. unfair or unjust: rough luck
    13. harsh or grating to the ear
    14. without refinement, luxury, etc
    15. not polished or perfected in any detail; rudimentary; not elaborate: rough workmanship, rough justice
    16. not prepared or dressed: rough gemstones
    17. (of a guess, estimate, etc) approximate
    18. having the sound of h; aspirated
    19. rough oninformal chiefly Brit severe towards
    20. unfortunate for (a person)
    21. the rough side of one's tongueharsh words; a reprimand, rebuke, or verbal attack
    1. rough ground
    2. a sketch or preliminary piece of artwork
    3. an unfinished or crude state (esp in the phrase in the rough)
    4. the roughthe part of the course bordering the fairways where the grass is untrimmed
    5. informal a rough or violent person; thug
    6. the unpleasant side of something (esp in the phrase take the rough with the smooth)
    1. in a rough manner; roughly
    2. sleep roughto spend the night in the open; be without a home or without shelter
    1. (transitive) to make rough; roughen
    2. (tr; followed by out, in, etc) to prepare (a sketch, report, piece of work, etc) in preliminary form
    3. rough itinformal to live without the usual comforts or conveniences of life

    See also rough upEtymology: Old English rūh; related to Old Norse ruksa, Middle Dutch rūge, rūwe, German rauh

    ˈroughness n

    'rough' also found in these entries:

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