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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
run /rʌn/USA pronunciation
v., ran/ræn/USA pronunciation run, run•ning, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk[no object]He ran down the street.
- to perform by or as if by running[~ + object]She ran an errand.
- to go or cross (a distance) in running[~ + object]He ran the mile in under four minutes.
- to enter in a race[~ + object]She ran her horse in the last race.
- to pass something (over or through) quickly[~ + object]He ran his fingers lightly over the keyboard.
- to go to for aid, etc.[no object]He is always running to his parents.
- to make a quick trip or visit[no object]to run to the supermarket.
- to carry or transport[~ + object]I'll run you home in my car.
- to (cause to) move freely: [no object]At least here the dog can run around in the park.[~ + object]Take the dog and run him around the track.
- to (cause to) move forward: [no object]The ball ran into the street.[~ + object]The golfer ran the ball too far and it rolled off the green.
- to (cause to) be a candidate for election: [no object]She's running for vice president.[~ + object]The party ran its best candidates in the last election.
- (of a ship, car, etc.) to (cause to) be sailed or driven from a proper or given route: [no object]The ship ran aground.[~ + object]The driver ran the car up onto the curb.
- to (cause to) go back and forth between places or along a certain route: [no object]The bus runs between New Haven and Hartford.[~ + object]The company runs ferries between New York and Hoboken.
- to (cause to) unravel, as stitches or a fabric: [no object]Her stockings ran when she knelt down quickly.[~ + object]to run the stocking.
- to (cause to) flow in or as if in a stream: [no object]Tears ran from her eyes. Her nose was running.[~ + object]He ran some hot water into the tub.
- (of colors) to spread to other things[no object]The colors in your blouse will run if you use hot water.
- to (cause to) operate or function: [no object]How is the office running these days?[~ + object]Run the dishwasher again and let's see if it works.
- to manage or conduct[~ + object]to run a business.
- to be within a range of a certain size, number, etc.[no object]The grades on the last exam ran from B + to F.
- to (cause to) meet or endure a certain condition[no object]to run into trouble.
- to tend to have a specified quality, form, etc.[~ + to + object]This novel runs to long descriptions.
- to be stated or worded[no object]The text runs as follows.
- to amount; total[~ + to + object]The bill ran to $100.
- to cost (an amount)[~ + object]This watch runs $30 or so.
- to cost (a person) an amount[~ + object + object]The car repair will run you $90.
- to continue, extend, stretch, or last[not: be + ~-ing; no object]The story runs for eight pages.
- to put so as to extend in a particular direction[~ + object]to run the television cable under the road.
- to (cause to) appear in print: [no object]The story ran in all the papers.[~ + object]The newspaper ran the story on page 1.
- Show Businessto (cause to) be performed: [no object]The play ran for two years.[~ + object]to run the movie for two years until it made a profit.
- to occur again through time[no object]Musical ability runs in my family.
- to get past or through without stopping[~ + object]to run a blockade.
- Computing to process (the instructions in a program) by computer[~ + object]For some reason the computer runs the program but then stops.
- to place oneself in danger, at risk, etc.[~ + object]running some big risks.
- to drive, force, or thrust[~ + object]ran the sword through his opponent's heart.
- run across, [~ + across + object] to meet or find accidentally:I ran across an old friend.
run after, [~ + after + object]
- to chase or pursue:The police ran after the thief.
run along, [no object] to leave; go away:Run along, children, and play outside.
run around, [no object]
- to try to gain or obtain:to run after wealth.
- to be involved in many different activities.
run away, [no object] to flee, esp. with no intent to return:The three-year-old said she was going to run away.
run away with, [~ + away + with + object]
- to have more than one romantic involvement.
- to go away with, esp. to marry:Her husband ran away with another woman.
- to steal:to run away with all the money.
- to get by surpassing others, as a prize:ran away with all the prizes.
- to overwhelm; get the better of:Sometimes his enthusiasm runs away with him.
- to strike and overturn, esp. with a vehicle: [~ + object + down]He accidentally ran the child down.[~ + down + object]He ran down the child.
- to chase after and seize: [~ + down + object]to run down criminals.[~ + object + down]to run them down and catch them.
- [~ + down + object] to read through quickly:He ran down the list of figures.
- [no object] to cease operation; stop:The battery ran down in just a few hours.
- to speak badly about (someone): [~ + down + object]always running down his friends.[~ + object + down]always running me down.
run in, [Informal.]to arrest: [~ + in + object]The police officers ran in all the usual suspects.[~ + object + in]promised he'd run me in if he ever caught me again.
run into, [~ + object]
- to search out; find: [~ + down + object]to run down some leads in the murder case.[~ + object + down]to run some leads down.
- to collide with:We ran into each other and fell.
- to meet accidentally:ran into an old friend just the other day.
- [Informal.]to amount to; total:This project could run into the millions.
- [no object] to leave quickly;
run away:ran off before I could thank her.
- to create quickly and easily: [~ + off + object]to run off a term paper in an hour.[~ + object + off]ran his rehearsed answers off quickly in the debate.
- to drive away; expel: [~ + off + object]ran off the pesky stray dog.[~ + object + off]ran the stray dog off.
run off with, [~ + off + with + object]
- to print, print out, or duplicate: [~ + off + object]to run off 500 copies.[~ + object + off]to run a few copies off.
- to steal; abscond with:running off with the money.
run on, [no object] to continue without relief or interruption:He ran on about his computer so long that I was bored stiff.
- to leave suddenly with, so as to marry or have an affair with:ran off with the mayor's wife.
- [no object] to come to an end; to be finished:My visa has run out.
- [no object] to become used up;
to have no more:The fuel has run out.
run out of, [~ + out + of + object] to use up a supply of:We've run out of wood; how will we make a fire?
- [~ + object + out] to drive out; expel:could run us out with threats or intimidation.
- to hit with a vehicle, esp. when severe injury or death results: [~ + over + object]The car ran over several people in the park.[~ + object + over]The driver ran the child over.
- [~ + over + object] to go beyond; exceed:His speech ran over the time limit.
- [~ + over + object] to repeat;
review:Let's run over that song again.
- [no object] to overflow, as a container.
- [~ + object + through] to pierce or stab, as with a sword:Cyrano ran him through.
- [~ + through + object] to consume or use up wastefully:He ran through all their money.
run to, [~ + to + object] to amount to; reach:The bill ran to several hundred dollars.
- [~ + through + object] to practice or rehearse:Let's run through that tune one more time.
run with, [~ + with + object][Informal.]to proceed with:If the board likes the idea, we'll run with it.
- to gather, accumulate, or amass: [~ + up + object]running up huge debts.[no object]Huge debts have run up.
- a fleeing; flight:a quick run for the border.
- the distance covered, as by running.
- a quick trip:a few runs to the grocery store.
- a routine or regular trip:the deliveryman's usual run.
- a period of operation of a machine:a 14-hour run for each generator.
- the amount produced in such a period:The newspaper has runs of over a million copies a day.
- a course, trend, or tendency:the normal run of events.
- freedom to use something[usually singular]to have the run of the house.
- Show Businessa continuous series, course, or extent:a run of good luck.
- any extensive and continued demand:a sudden run on umbrellas.
- a series of demands for payment, as on a bank:a run on the banks.
- an inclined course, such as on a slope:a bobsled run.
- [Baseball.]the score made by running around all the bases and reaching home plate.
- the runs, [Informal.]diarrhea: [uncountable; used with a singular verb]Having the runs is very unpleasant.[plural; used with a plural verb]The runs were very unpleasant.
- Idiomsin the long run, in the course of long experience:In the long run your stocks will earn money.
- Idioms, in the short run, in the near future:The stocks are losing money in the short run.
on the run:
- scurrying about to perform one's activities:on the run from morning till night.
- while rushing to get somewhere:eating breakfast on the run.
Idiomsrun for it, [no object][Informal.]to flee quickly:We'd better run for it; the police are right behind us.
Idiomsrun off at the mouth, [Informal.]to talk without stopping or without thinking:constantly running off at the mouth.
Idiomsrun short, [no object] to have an insufficiency of something:My patience is running short.
- moving from place to place so as to hide from the police.
(run), v., ran, run, run•ning, n., adj.
- to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk and in such a manner that for an instant in each step all or both feet are off the ground.
- to move with haste;
act quickly:Run upstairs and get the iodine.
- to depart quickly; take to flight;
flee or escape:to run from danger.
- to have recourse for aid, support, comfort, etc.:He shouldn't run to his parents with every little problem.
- to make a quick trip or informal visit for a short stay at a place:to run up to New York; I will run over to see you after dinner.
- to go around, rove, or ramble without restraint (often fol. by about):to run about in the park.
- to move, roll, or progress from momentum or from being hurled, kicked, or otherwise propelled:The wheel ran over the curb and into the street.
- to take part in a race or contest.
to be or campaign as a candidate for election.
to migrate, as fish:to run in huge shoals.
to migrate upstream or inshore from deep water to spawn.
to move under continuing power or force, as of the wind, a motor, etc.:The car ran along the highway.
(of a ship, automobile, etc.) to be sailed or driven from a safe, proper, or given route:The ship ran aground.
to ply between places, as a vessel or conveyance:This bus runs between New Haven and Hartford.
to move, glide, turn, rotate, or pass easily, freely, or smoothly:A rope runs in a pulley.
to creep, trail, or climb, as growing vines:The ivy ran up the side of the house.
to come undone or to unravel, as stitches or a fabric:these stockings run easily.
to flow, as a liquid:Let the water run before you drink it.
to flow along, esp. strongly, as a stream or the sea:The rapids ran over the rocks.
to empty or transfer contents:The river ran into the sea.
to appear, occur, or exist within a certain limited range; include a specific range of variations (usually fol. by from):Your work runs from fair to bad.
to melt and flow or drip:Wax ran down the burning candle.
[Golf.](of a golf ball) to bounce or roll along the ground just after landing from a stroke:The ball struck the green and ran seven feet past the hole.
to spread on being applied to a surface, as a liquid:Fresh paint ran over the window molding onto the pane.
to spread over a material when exposed to moisture:The dyes in this fabric are guaranteed not to run in washing.
to undergo a spreading of colors:materials that run when washed.
to flow forth as a discharge:Tears ran from her eyes.
to discharge or give passage to a liquid or fluid:Her eyes ran with tears.
to operate or function:How does your new watch run? Cars run on gasoline.
to be in operation:the noise of a dishwasher running.
to continue in operation:The furnace runs most of the day.
to elapse; pass or go by, as time:Time is running out, and we must hurry.
to pass into or meet with a certain state or condition:to run into debt; to run into trouble.
to get or become:The well ran dry.
to amount; total:The bill ran to $100.
to be stated or worded in a certain manner:The minutes of the last meeting run as follows.
- to finish in a race or contest in a certain numerical position:The horse ran second.
- to accumulate, follow, or become payable in due course, as interest on a debt:Your interest runs from January 1st to December 31st.
- to make many withdrawals in rapid succession, as from a bank.
- to have legal force or effect, as a writ.
to proceed, continue, or go:The story runs for eight pages.
to extend in a given direction:This road runs north to Litchfield.
to extend for a certain length:The unpaved section runs for eight miles.
to extend over a given surface:Shelves ran from floor to ceiling.
to be printed, as on a printing press:Two thousand copies ran before the typo was caught.
to appear in print or be published as a story, photograph, etc., in a newspaper, magazine, or the like:The account ran in all the papers. The political cartoon always runs on the editorial page.
to be performed on a stage or be played continually, as a play:The play ran for two years.
to occur or take place continuously, as a movie:The picture runs for two hours.
to pass quickly:A thought ran through his mind. Her eyes ran over the room.
to be disseminated, circulated, or spread rapidly:The news of his promotion ran all over town.
to continue or return persistently; recur:The old tune ran through his mind all day.
to have or tend to have or produce a specified character, quality, form, etc.:This novel runs to long descriptions. Her sister is fat too, but the family runs to being overweight.
to be or continue to be of a certain or average size, number, etc.:Potatoes are running large this year.
[Naut.]to sail before the wind.
- to go along with:The easement runs with the land.
- to move or run along (a surface, way, path, etc.):Every morning he ran the dirt path around the reservoir to keep in condition. She ran her fingers over the keyboard.
- to traverse (a distance) in running:He ran the mile in just over four minutes.
- to perform, compete in, or accomplish by or as by running:to run a race; to run an errand.
- to go about freely on or in without supervision:permitting children to run the streets.
- to ride or cause to gallop:to run a horse across a field.
- to enter in a race:He ran his best filly in the Florida Derby.
- to bring into a certain state by running:He ran himself out of breath trying to keep pace.
- to trace, track, pursue or hunt, as game:to run deer on foot.
- to drive (an animal) or cause to go by pursuing:to run a fox to cover; to run the stallion into the barn.
- to leave, flee, or escape from:He ran town before the robbery was discovered.
- to cause to ply between places, as a vessel or conveyance:to run a ferry between New York and New Jersey.
- to convey or transport, as in a vessel or vehicle:I'll run you home in my car.
- to cause to pass quickly:He ran his eyes over the letter. She ran a comb through her hair.
- to get past or through:to run a blockade.
- (of drivers or cyclists) to disregard (a red or amber traffic light) and continue ahead without stopping.
- to smuggle (contraband goods):to run guns across the border.
- to work, operate, or drive:Can you run a tractor?
- to publish, print, or make copies of, as on a printing press (sometimes fol. by off):Run off 3000 of these posters. The newspapers ran the story on page one.
- to process, refine, manufacture, or subject to an analysis or treatment:The doctor wanted to run a blood test. The factory ran 50,000 gallons of paint a day.
- to keep operating or going, as a machine:They ran the presses 24 hours a day.
- to keep (a motor) idling for an indefinite period:On cold days he would run the car motor to prevent stalling.
- to allow (a ship, automobile, etc.) to depart from a safe, proper, or given route, as by negligence or error:He ran the ship aground. She ran the car up on the curb.
- to sponsor, support, or nominate (a person) as a candidate for election.
- to manage or conduct:to run a business; to run one's own life.
- Computing[Computers.]to process (the instructions in a program) by computer.
- (in some games, as billiards) to continue or complete a series of successful strokes, shots, or the like.
- [Cards.]to lead a series (of one's assured tricks or winners in a given suit):He ran the heart suit before leading spades.
- to expose oneself to or be exposed to (a chance, risk, etc.):Through his habitual lateness he ran the danger of being fired.
- to cause (a liquid) to flow:to run the water for a bath.
- to fill (a tub or bath) with water:She ran a hot tub for him.
- to give forth or flow with (a liquid); pour forth or discharge:The well ran 500 barrels of oil daily.
- to charge (an item or items) as on a charge account or to accumulate (bills) to be paid all at one time:He ran a large monthly tab at the club.
- to cause to move easily, freely, or smoothly:to run a rope in a pulley.
- [Golf.]to cause (a golf ball) to move forward along the ground after landing from a stroke:He ran his ball seven feet past the hole.
- to sew or use a running stitch:to run a seam.
- to cause stitches in (a garment or fabric) to unravel or come undone:to run a stocking on a protruding nail.
- to bring, lead, or force into a certain state or condition:He ran his troops into an ambush. They ran themselves into debt.
- to drive, force, or thrust:to run a nail into a board; to run one's head against a wall;
to run one's hand into one's pocket.
- to graze;
pasture:They run sixty head of cattle on their ranch.
- to extend (something) in a particular direction or to a given point or place:to run a partition across a room; to run a telephone cable from Boston to Buffalo.
- [Carpentry.]to make (millwork) from boards.
- to cause to fuse and flow, as metal for casting in a mold.
- to draw, trace, or mark out, as a line:to run a line over a surface; to run a line through a word.
- to cost (an amount or approximate amount):This watch runs $30.
- to cost (a person) an amount or approximate amount:The car repair will run you a couple of hundred at least.
- run across, to meet or find accidentally:She ran across an old friend at the party. He ran across her name in the phone book.
run afoul of:
- [Naut.]to collide with so as to cause damage and entanglement.
- to incur or become subject to the wrath or ill will of:to run afoul of the law; He argued with his father and has run afoul of him ever since.
- to follow;
chase:The dog ran after the burglar.
- to pursue or court the affections of, esp. in an aggressive manner:He ran after her until she agreed to marry him.
run along, to leave; go on one's way:I have to run along now, but I'll see you tonight. Run along—can't you see I'm busy?
- to attempt to become friendly with or part of the society of:He runs after the country-club set.
- (often fol. by with) to socialize;
consort with:She runs around with the strangest people.
- to be unfaithful to one's spouse or lover:It was common knowledge that he was running around.
- to flee or escape; leave a place of confinement or control with the intention of never returning:He ran away from home three times.
run away with:
- [Naut.]to haul on a line by walking or running steadily.
- to go away with, esp. to elope with:She ran away with a sailor.
- to abscond with; steal:to run away with some valuable jewelry.
- to surpass others in;
be outstanding in:to run away with academic honors.
- to overwhelm; get the better of:Sometimes his enthusiasm runs away with him.
- to strike and fell or overturn, esp. to drive a vehicle into (someone):to run down an innocent pedestrian.
- to pursue until captured; chase:The detective swore that he would run down the criminal.
- to peruse;
review:His eyes ran down the front row and stopped suddenly.
- to cease operation; stop:My watch has run down.
- to speak disparagingly of;
criticize severely:The students were always running down their math teacher.
- to search out; trace;
find:to run down information.
- [Baseball.]to tag out (a base runner) between bases.
- [Naut.]to collide with and sink (another vessel).
run for it, to hurry away or flee, esp. to evade something:You had better run for it before anyone else arrives.
- [Naut.]to sail closely parallel to (a coast).
- to visit casually:If I'm in the neighborhood, I may run in for a few minutes.
- to include in a text, as something to be inserted.
- [Slang.]to arrest; take to jail:They ran him in for burglary.
- [Print.]to add (matter) to text without indenting.
run in place:
- to break in (new machinery).
- to go through the motions of running without leaving one's original place.
- to exist or work without noticeable change, progress, or improvement.
- to crash into;
collide with:She was so sleepy that she ran into a lamppost.
- to meet accidentally:You never know whom you'll run into at a big party.
- to amount to; total:losses that ran into millions of dollars.
- to succeed;
follow:One year ran into the next, and still there was no change.
run in with, [Naut.]to sail close to (a coast, vessel, etc.).
- to experience; encounter:The project ran into difficulty.
- to leave quickly;
- to create or perform rapidly or easily:to run off a new song.
- to determine the winner of (a contest, race, etc.) by a runoff.
- to drive away; expel:to run someone off one's property.
run off with:
- to print or otherwise duplicate:Please run off 500 copies.
- to abscond with (something); steal or borrow;
take:He ran off with the money. Who ran off with the pencil sharpener?
- to elope:I hear she ran off with the Smith boy.
- to continue without interruption:The account that he gave ran on at some length.
- [Print.]to add (matter) to text without indenting.
- to add something, as at the end of a text:to run on an adverb to a dictionary entry.
- to terminate; expire:My subscription ran out last month. Time ran out before we could score another touchdown.
- to become used up:His money soon ran out.
run out of, to exhaust a quantity or supply of:She couldn't bake a cake because she had run out of sugar.
run out of gas, [Informal.]
- to drive out; expel:They want to run him out of the country.
- to exhaust or lose one's energy, enthusiasm, etc.:After the first game of tennis, I ran out of gas and had to rest.
run out on, to withdraw one's support from; abandon:No one could accuse him of running out on his friends.
- to falter for lack of impetus, ideas, capital, etc.:The economic recovery seems to be running out of gas.
- to hit and knock down, esp. with a vehicle:She cried inconsolably when her cat was run over by a car.
- to go beyond; exceed:His speech ran over the time limit.
- to repeat;
review:We'll run over that song again.
run scared, to be thrown into a state of fear or uncertainty because of a perceived threat; be apprehensive about survival or the future:Many businesses are running scared because of increasing competition.
- to overflow, as a vessel.
- to pierce or stab, as with a sword:to run someone through.
- to consume or use up recklessly; squander:to run through a fortune.
- to practice, review, or rehearse quickly or informally:to run through a scene.
- to sew rapidly:She ran up some curtains.
- to amass; incur:running up huge debts.
- to cause to increase;
raise:to run up costs unnecessarily.
run with, [Informal.]
- to build, esp. hurriedly:They are tearing down old tenement blocks and running up skyscrapers.
- to proceed or go ahead with:If the stockholders like the idea, we'll run with it.
- to carry out with enthusiasm or speed.
- an act or instance, or a period of running:a five-minute run before breakfast.
- a hurrying to or from some point, as on an errand:a run to reach the store before it closes.
- a fleeing, esp. in great haste; flight:a run from the police who were hot on his trail.
- a running pace:The boys set out at a run.
- an act or instance or a period of moving rapidly, as in a boat or automobile:a run to shore before the storm.
- distance covered, as by racing, running, or during a trip:a three-mile run.
- an act or instance or a period of traveling or moving between two places; trip:a truck on its daily run from farm to market;
a nonstop run from Louisville to Memphis.
- Computing[Computers.]a single instance of carrying out the sequence of instructions in a program.
- [Golf.]the distance that a golf ball moves along the ground after landing from a stroke:He got a seven-foot run with his chip shot.
- a quick trip for a short stay at a place:to take a run up to New York.
- any portion of a military flight during which the aircraft flies directly toward the target in order to begin its attack:a strafing run.
- the rapid movement, under its own power, of an aircraft on a runway, water, or another surface.
beat (def. 52b).
an interval or period during which something, as a machine, operates or continues operating:They kept each press in the plant on a 14-hour run.
the amount of anything produced in such a period:a daily run of 400,000 gallons of paint.
a line or place in knitted work where a series of stitches have slipped out or come undone:a run in a stocking.
onward movement, development, progress, course, etc.:the run of our business from a small store to a large chain.
the direction of something or of its component elements:the run of the grain of wood.
the particular course, order, or tendency of something:the normal run of events.
freedom to move around in, pass through, or use something:to allow one's guests the run of the house.
any rapid or easy course of progress:a run from trainee to supervisor.
a continuous series of performances, as of a play:a long run on Broadway.
an uninterrupted course of some state or condition; a spell:a run of good luck;
- a routine flight from one place to another:the evening run from New York to London.
a run of good weather.
a continuous extent of something, as a vein of ore.
an uninterrupted series or sequence of things, events, etc.:a run of 30 scoreless innings.
a sequence of cards in a given suit:a heart run.
Games[Cribbage.]a sequence of three or more cards in consecutive denominations without regard to suits.
any extensive continued demand, sale, or the like:a run on umbrellas on a rainy day.
a series of sudden and urgent demands for payment, as on a bank.
a period of being in demand or favor with the public:Her last book had a briefer run than her first.
a period during which liquid flows:They kept each oil well on an eight-hour run.
the amount that flows during such a period:a run of 500 barrels a day.
a small stream; brook;
a flow or rush, as of water:The snow melting on the mountains caused a run of water into the valley.
a kind or class, as of goods:a superior run of blouses.
the typical, ordinary, or average kind:The run of 19th-century novels tends to be of a sociological nature.
an inclined course, as on a slope, designed or used for a specific purpose:a bobsled run; a run for training beginning skiers.
a fairly large enclosure within which domestic animals may move about freely;
runway:a chicken run.
[Australian.]a large sheep ranch or area of grazing land.
the beaten track or usual trail used by deer or other wild animals; runway.
a trough or pipe for water or the like.
the movement of a number of fish upstream or inshore from deep water.
large numbers of fish in motion, esp. inshore from deep water or up a river for spawning:a run of salmon.
a number of animals moving together.
[Music.]a rapid succession of tones;
- the horizontal distance between the face of a wall and the ridge of a roof.
- the distance between the first and last risers of a flight of steps or staircase.
[Baseball.]the score unit made by safely running around all the bases and reaching home plate.
a series of successful shots, strokes, or the like, in a game.
[Naut.]the immersed portion of a hull abaft the middle body (opposed to entrance).
the runs, (used with a singular or plural v.)[Informal.]diarrhea.
a run for one's money:
- the horizontal distance between successive risers on a flight of steps or a staircase.
- close or keen competition:The out-of-town team gave us a run for our money.
in the long run, in the course of long experience; in the end:Retribution will come, in the long run.
in the short run, as an immediate or temporary outcome:Recession may be averted in the short run if policy changes are made now.
on the run:
- enjoyment or profit in return for one's expense:This may not be the best tool kit, but it will give you a run for your money.
- moving quickly; hurrying about:He's so busy, he's always on the run.
- while running or in a hurry:I usually eat breakfast on the run.
- escaping or hiding from the police:He was on the run for two years.
- melted or liquefied:run butter.
- poured in a melted state; run into and cast in a mold:run bronze.
- Old Norse rinna, renna, partly continuing Old English rinnan; cognate with German rinnen; form run origin, originally past participle, later extended to present tense; (noun, nominal and adjective, adjectival) derivative of the verb, verbal
- (verb, verbal) Middle English rinnen, rennen, partly bef. 900
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
run /rʌn/ vb (runs, running, ran, run)
- (intransitive) (of a two-legged creature) to move on foot at a rapid pace so that both feet are off the ground together for part of each stride
- (of a four-legged creature) to move at a rapid gait; gallop or canter
- (transitive) to pass over (a distance, route, etc) in running: to run a mile, run a race
- (intransitive) to run in or finish a race as specified, esp in a particular position: John is running third
- (transitive) to perform or accomplish by or as if by running: to run an errand
- (intransitive) to flee; run away
- (transitive) to bring into a specified state or condition by running: to run oneself to a standstill
- (transitive) to track down or hunt (an animal): to run a fox to earth
- (transitive) to set (animals) loose on (a field or tract of land) so as to graze freely
- (intr; often followed by over, round or up) to make a short trip or brief informal visit: I'll run over to your house this afternoon
- to move quickly and easily on wheels by rolling, or in any of certain other ways: a ball running along the ground, a sledge running over snow
- to move or cause to move with a specified result or in a specified manner: to run a ship aground, to run into a tree
- (often followed by over) to move or pass or cause to move or pass quickly: to run a vacuum cleaner over the carpet, to run one's eyes over a page
- (tr; followed by into, out of, through, etc) to force, thrust, or drive: she ran a needle into her finger
- (transitive) to drive or maintain and operate (a vehicle)
- (transitive) to give a lift to (someone) in a vehicle; transport: he ran her to the railway station
- to ply or cause to ply between places on a route: the bus runs from Piccadilly to Golders Green
- to operate or be operated; function or cause to function: the engine is running smoothly
- (transitive) to perform or carry out: to run tests
- to extend or continue or cause to extend or continue in a particular direction, for a particular duration or distance, etc: the road runs north, the play ran for two years, the months ran into years
- (intransitive) to have legal force or effect: the lease runs for two more years
- (transitive) to be subjected to, be affected by, or incur: to run a risk, run a temperature
- (intransitive) often followed by to: to be characterized (by); tend or incline: her taste runs to extravagant hats, to run to fat
- (intransitive) to recur persistently or be inherent: red hair runs in my family
- to cause or allow (liquids) to flow or (of liquids) to flow, esp in a manner specified: water ran from the broken pipe, the well has run dry
- (intransitive) to melt and flow: the wax grew hot and began to run
- to melt or fuse
- (transitive) to mould or cast (molten metal): to run lead into ingots
- (intransitive) (of waves, tides, rivers, etc) to rise high, surge, or be at a specified height: a high sea was running that night
- (intransitive) to be diffused: the colours in my dress ran when I washed it
- (intransitive) (of stitches) to unravel or come undone or (of a garment) to have stitches unravel or come undone
- to sew (an article) with continuous stitches
- (intransitive) (of growing vines, creepers, etc) to trail, spread, or climb: ivy running over a cottage wall
- (intransitive) to spread or circulate quickly: a rumour ran through the town
- (intransitive) to be stated or reported: his story runs as follows
- to publish or print or be published or printed in a newspaper, magazine, etc: they ran his story in the next issue
- (often followed by for) chiefly US Canadian to be a candidate or present as a candidate for political or other office: Anderson is running for president
- (transitive) to get past or through; evade: to run a blockade
- (transitive) to deal in (arms, etc), esp by importing illegally: he runs guns for the rebels
- to sail (a vessel, esp a sailing vessel) or (of such a vessel) to be sailed with the wind coming from astern
- (intransitive)(of fish) to migrate upstream from the sea, esp in order to spawn
- (transitive) to score (a run or number of runs) by hitting the ball and running between the wickets
- (transitive) to make (a number of successful shots) in sequence
- (transitive) to hit (the ball) so that it rolls along the ground
- (transitive) to cash (all one's winning cards in a long suit) successively
See also runabout
- an act, instance, or period of running
- a gait, pace, or motion faster than a walk: she went off at a run
- a distance covered by running or a period of running: a run of ten miles
- an act, instance, or period of travelling in a vehicle, esp for pleasure: to go for a run in the car
- free and unrestricted access: we had the run of the house and garden for the whole summer
- a period of time during which a machine, computer, etc, operates
- the amount of work performed in such a period
- a continuous or sustained period: a run of good luck
- a continuous sequence of performances: the play had a good run
- a sequence of winning cards in one suit, usually more than five: a run of spades
- tendency or trend: the run of the market
- type, class, or category: the usual run of graduates
- (usually followed by on) a continuous and urgent demand: a run on butter, a run on the dollar
- a series of unravelled stitches, esp in stockings or tights; ladder
- the characteristic pattern or direction of something: the run of the grain on a piece of wood
- a period during which water or other liquid flows
- the amount of such a flow
- a pipe, channel, etc, through which water or other liquid flows
- US a small stream
- a steeply inclined pathway or course, esp a snow-covered one used for skiing and bobsleigh racing
- an enclosure for domestic fowls or other animals, in which they have free movement: a chicken run
- (esp in Australia and New Zealand) a tract of land for grazing livestock
- the migration of fish upstream in order to spawn
- a mission in a warplane
- the movement of an aircraft along the ground during takeoff or landing
- a rapid scalelike passage of notes
- a score of one, normally achieved by both batsmen running from one end of the wicket to the other after one of them has hit the ball
- an instance of a batter touching all four bases safely, thereby scoring
- the distance that a ball rolls after hitting the ground
- a run for one's money ⇒ informal a strong challenge or close competition
- pleasure derived from an activity
- in the long run ⇒ as the eventual outcome of a sequence of events, actions, etc; ultimately
- in the short run ⇒ as the immediate outcome of a series of events, etc
- on the run ⇒ escaping from arrest; fugitive
- in rapid flight; retreating: the enemy is on the run
- hurrying from place to place: she's always on the run
- the runs ⇒ slang diarrhoea
, run across
, run along
, run around
, run away
, run down
, run in
, run into
, run off
, run on
, run out
, run over
, run through
, run to
, run upEtymology: Old English runnen, past participle of (ge)rinnan; related to Old Frisian, Old Norse rinna, Old Saxon, Gothic, Old High German rinnan