Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

run /rʌn/ vb (runs, running, ran, run)
  1. (intransitive) (of a two-legged creature) to move on foot at a rapid pace so that both feet are off the ground together for part of each stride
  2. (of a four-legged creature) to move at a rapid gait; gallop or canter
  3. (transitive) to pass over (a distance, route, etc) in running: to run a mile, run a race
  4. (intransitive) to run in or finish a race as specified, esp in a particular position: John is running third
  5. (transitive) to perform or accomplish by or as if by running: to run an errand
  6. (intransitive) to flee; run away
  7. (transitive) to bring into a specified state or condition by running: to run oneself to a standstill
  8. (transitive) to track down or hunt (an animal): to run a fox to earth
  9. (transitive) to set (animals) loose on (a field or tract of land) so as to graze freely
  10. (intr; often followed by over, round or up) to make a short trip or brief informal visit: I'll run over to your house this afternoon
  11. to move quickly and easily on wheels by rolling, or in any of certain other ways: a ball running along the ground, a sledge running over snow
  12. to move or cause to move with a specified result or in a specified manner: to run a ship aground, to run into a tree
  13. (often followed by over) to move or pass or cause to move or pass quickly: to run a vacuum cleaner over the carpet, to run one's eyes over a page
  14. (tr; followed by into, out of, through, etc) to force, thrust, or drive: she ran a needle into her finger
  15. (transitive) to drive or maintain and operate (a vehicle)
  16. (transitive) to give a lift to (someone) in a vehicle; transport: he ran her to the railway station
  17. to ply or cause to ply between places on a route: the bus runs from Piccadilly to Golders Green
  18. to operate or be operated; function or cause to function: the engine is running smoothly
  19. (transitive) to perform or carry out: to run tests
  20. to extend or continue or cause to extend or continue in a particular direction, for a particular duration or distance, etc: the road runs north, the play ran for two years, the months ran into years
  21. (intransitive) to have legal force or effect: the lease runs for two more years
  22. (transitive) to be subjected to, be affected by, or incur: to run a risk, run a temperature
  23. (intransitive) often followed by to: to be characterized (by); tend or incline: her taste runs to extravagant hats, to run to fat
  24. (intransitive) to recur persistently or be inherent: red hair runs in my family
  25. to cause or allow (liquids) to flow or (of liquids) to flow, esp in a manner specified: water ran from the broken pipe, the well has run dry
  26. (intransitive) to melt and flow: the wax grew hot and began to run
  27. to melt or fuse
  28. (transitive) to mould or cast (molten metal): to run lead into ingots
  29. (intransitive) (of waves, tides, rivers, etc) to rise high, surge, or be at a specified height: a high sea was running that night
  30. (intransitive) to be diffused: the colours in my dress ran when I washed it
  31. (intransitive) (of stitches) to unravel or come undone or (of a garment) to have stitches unravel or come undone
  32. to sew (an article) with continuous stitches
  33. (intransitive) (of growing vines, creepers, etc) to trail, spread, or climb: ivy running over a cottage wall
  34. (intransitive) to spread or circulate quickly: a rumour ran through the town
  35. (intransitive) to be stated or reported: his story runs as follows
  36. to publish or print or be published or printed in a newspaper, magazine, etc: they ran his story in the next issue
  37. (often followed by for) chiefly US Canadian to be a candidate or present as a candidate for political or other office: Anderson is running for president
  38. (transitive) to get past or through; evade: to run a blockade
  39. (transitive) to deal in (arms, etc), esp by importing illegally: he runs guns for the rebels
  40. to sail (a vessel, esp a sailing vessel) or (of such a vessel) to be sailed with the wind coming from astern
  41. (intransitive)(of fish) to migrate upstream from the sea, esp in order to spawn
  42. (transitive) to score (a run or number of runs) by hitting the ball and running between the wickets
  43. (transitive) to make (a number of successful shots) in sequence
  44. (transitive) to hit (the ball) so that it rolls along the ground
  45. (transitive) to cash (all one's winning cards in a long suit) successively
n
  1. an act, instance, or period of running
  2. a gait, pace, or motion faster than a walk: she went off at a run
  3. a distance covered by running or a period of running: a run of ten miles
  4. an act, instance, or period of travelling in a vehicle, esp for pleasure: to go for a run in the car
  5. free and unrestricted access: we had the run of the house and garden for the whole summer
  6. a period of time during which a machine, computer, etc, operates
  7. the amount of work performed in such a period
  8. a continuous or sustained period: a run of good luck
  9. a continuous sequence of performances: the play had a good run
  10. a sequence of winning cards in one suit, usually more than five: a run of spades
  11. tendency or trend: the run of the market
  12. type, class, or category: the usual run of graduates
  13. (usually followed by on) a continuous and urgent demand: a run on butter, a run on the dollar
  14. a series of unravelled stitches, esp in stockings or tights; ladder
  15. the characteristic pattern or direction of something: the run of the grain on a piece of wood
  16. a period during which water or other liquid flows
  17. the amount of such a flow
  18. a pipe, channel, etc, through which water or other liquid flows
  19. US a small stream
  20. a steeply inclined pathway or course, esp a snow-covered one used for skiing and bobsleigh racing
  21. an enclosure for domestic fowls or other animals, in which they have free movement: a chicken run
  22. (esp in Australia and New Zealand) a tract of land for grazing livestock
  23. the migration of fish upstream in order to spawn
  24. a mission in a warplane
  25. the movement of an aircraft along the ground during takeoff or landing
  26. a rapid scalelike passage of notes
  27. a score of one, normally achieved by both batsmen running from one end of the wicket to the other after one of them has hit the ball
  28. an instance of a batter touching all four bases safely, thereby scoring
  29. the distance that a ball rolls after hitting the ground
  30. a run for one's moneyinformal a strong challenge or close competition
  31. pleasure derived from an activity
  32. in the long runas the eventual outcome of a sequence of events, actions, etc; ultimately
  33. in the short runas the immediate outcome of a series of events, etc
  34. on the runescaping from arrest; fugitive
  35. in rapid flight; retreating: the enemy is on the run
  36. hurrying from place to place: she's always on the run
  37. the runsslang diarrhoea

See also runabout, run across, run along, run around, run away, run down, run in, run into, run off, run on, run out, run over, run through, run to, run upEtymology: Old English runnen, past participle of (ge)rinnan; related to Old Frisian, Old Norse rinna, Old Saxon, Gothic, Old High German rinnan



Download free Android and iPhone apps

Android AppiPhone App
Report an inappropriate ad.