WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
run /rʌn/USA pronunciation v., ran/ræn/USA pronunciationrun, run•ning,n. 

v. 
  • [no object] to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk:He ran down the street.
  • [+ object] to perform by or as if by running:She ran an errand.
  • [+ object] to go or cross (a distance) in running:He ran the mile in under four minutes.
  • [+ object] to enter in a race:She ran her horse in the last race.
  • [+ object] to pass something (over or through) quickly:He ran his fingers lightly over the keyboard.
  • [no object] to go to for aid, etc.:He is always running to his parents.
  • [no object] to make a quick trip or visit:to run to the supermarket.
  • [+ object] to carry or transport:I'll run you home in my car.
  • to (cause to) move freely: [no object]At least here the dog can run around in the park.[+ object]Take the dog and run him around the track.
  • to (cause to) move forward: [no object]The ball ran into the street.[+ object]The golfer ran the ball too far and it rolled off the green.
  • to (cause to) be a candidate for election: [no object]She's running for vice president.[+ object]The party ran its best candidates in the last election.
  • (of a ship, car, etc.) to (cause to) be sailed or driven from a proper or given route: [no object]The ship ran aground.[+ object]The driver ran the car up onto the curb.
  • to (cause to) go back and forth between places or along a certain route: [no object]The bus runs between New Haven and Hartford.[+ object]The company runs ferries between New York and Hoboken.
  • to (cause to) unravel, as stitches or a fabric: [no object]Her stockings ran when she knelt down quickly.[+ object]to run the stocking.
  • to (cause to) flow in or as if in a stream: [no object]Tears ran from her eyes. Her nose was running.[+ object]He ran some hot water into the tub.
  • [no object] (of colors) to spread to other things:The colors in your blouse will run if you use hot water.
  • to (cause to) operate or function: [no object]How is the office running these days?[+ object]Run the dishwasher again and let's see if it works.
  • [+ object] to manage or conduct:to run a business.
  • [no object] to be within a range of a certain size, number, etc.:The grades on the last exam ran from B + to F.
  • [no object] to (cause to) meet or endure a certain condition:to run into trouble.
  • [+ to + object] to tend to have a specified quality, form, etc.:This novel runs to long descriptions.
  • [no object] to be stated or worded:The text runs as follows.
  • [+ to + object] to amount; total:The bill ran to $100.
  • [+ object] to cost (an amount):This watch runs $30 or so.
  • [+ object + object] to cost (a person) an amount:The car repair will run you $90.
  • [not: be + ~-ing; no object] to continue, extend, stretch, or last:The story runs for eight pages.
  • [+ object] to put so as to extend in a particular direction:to run the television cable under the road.
  • to (cause to) appear in print: [no object]The story ran in all the papers.[+ object]The newspaper ran the story on page 1.
  • Show Businessto (cause to) be performed: [no object]The play ran for two years.[+ object]to run the movie for two years until it made a profit.
  • [no object] to occur again through time:Musical ability runs in my family.
  • [+ object] to get past or through without stopping:to run a blockade.
  • Computing[+ object] to process (the instructions in a program) by computer:For some reason the computer runs the program but then stops.
  • [+ object] to place oneself in danger, at risk, etc.:running some big risks.
  • [+ object] to drive, force, or thrust:ran the sword through his opponent's heart.
  • run across, [+ across + object] to meet or find accidentally:I ran across an old friend.
  • run after, [+ after + object]
    • to chase or pursue:The police ran after the thief.
    • to try to gain or obtain:to run after wealth.
  • run along, [no object] to leave; go away:Run along, children, and play outside.
  • run around, [no object]
    • to be involved in many different activities.
    • to have more than one romantic involvement.
  • run away, [no object] to flee, esp. with no intent to return:The three-year-old said she was going to run away.
  • run away with, [+ away + with + object]
    • to go away with, esp. to marry:Her husband ran away with another woman.
    • to steal:to run away with all the money.
    • to get by surpassing others, as a prize:ran away with all the prizes.
    • to overwhelm; get the better of:Sometimes his enthusiasm runs away with him.
    run down: 
    • to strike and overturn, esp. with a vehicle: [+ object + down]He accidentally ran the child down.[+ down + object]He ran down the child.
    • to chase after and seize: [+ down + object]to run down criminals.[+ object + down]to run them down and catch them.
    • [+ down + object] to read through quickly:He ran down the list of figures.
    • [no object] to cease operation; stop:The battery ran down in just a few hours.
    • to speak badly about (someone): [+ down + object]always running down his friends.[+ object + down]always running me down.
    • to search out; find: [+ down + object]to run down some leads in the murder case.[+ object + down]to run some leads down.
  • run in, [Informal.]to arrest: [+ in + object]The police officers ran in all the usual suspects.[+ object + in]promised he'd run me in if he ever caught me again.
  • run into, [+ object]
    • to collide with:We ran into each other and fell.
    • to meet accidentally:ran into an old friend just the other day.
    • [Informal.]to amount to; total:This project could run into the millions.
    run off: 
    • [no object] to leave quickly;
      run away:ran off before I could thank her.
    • to create quickly and easily: [+ off + object]to run off a term paper in an hour.[+ object + off]ran his rehearsed answers off quickly in the debate.
    • to drive away; expel: [+ off + object]ran off the pesky stray dog.[+ object + off]ran the stray dog off.
    • to print, print out, or duplicate: [+ off + object]to run off 500 copies.[+ object + off]to run a few copies off.
    run off with, [+ off + with + object]
    • to steal; abscond with:running off with the money.
    • to leave suddenly with, so as to marry or have an affair with:ran off with the mayor's wife.
  • run on, [no object] to continue without relief or interruption:He ran on about his computer so long that I was bored stiff.
  • run out: 
    • [no object] to come to an end; to be finished:My visa has run out.
    • [no object] to become used up;
      to have no more:The fuel has run out.
    • [+ object + out] to drive out; expel:could run us out with threats or intimidation.
  • run out of, [+ out + of + object] to use up a supply of:We've run out of wood; how will we make a fire?
  • run over: 
    • to hit with a vehicle, esp. when severe injury or death results: [+ over + object]The car ran over several people in the park.[+ object + over]The driver ran the child over.
    • [+ over + object] to go beyond; exceed:His speech ran over the time limit.
    • [+ over + object] to repeat;
      review:Let's run over that song again.
    • [no object] to overflow, as a container.
    run through: 
    • [+ object + through] to pierce or stab, as with a sword:Cyrano ran him through.
    • [+ through + object] to consume or use up wastefully:He ran through all their money.
    • [+ through + object] to practice or rehearse:Let's run through that tune one more time.
  • run to, [+ to + object] to amount to; reach:The bill ran to several hundred dollars.
  • run up: 
    • to gather, accumulate, or amass: [+ up + object]running up huge debts.[no object]Huge debts have run up.
  • run with, [+ with + object][Informal.]to proceed with:If the board likes the idea, we'll run with it.

  • n. [countable]
  • a fleeing; flight:a quick run for the border.
  • the distance covered, as by running.
  • a quick trip:a few runs to the grocery store.
  • a routine or regular trip:the deliveryman's usual run.
  • a period of operation of a machine:a 14-hour run for each generator.
  • the amount produced in such a period:The newspaper has runs of over a million copies a day.
  • a course, trend, or tendency:the normal run of events.
  • [usually singular] freedom to use something:to have the run of the house.
  • Show Businessa continuous series, course, or extent:a run of good luck.
  • any extensive and continued demand:a sudden run on umbrellas.
  • a series of demands for payment, as on a bank:a run on the banks.
  • an inclined course, such as on a slope:a bobsled run.
  • [Baseball.]the score made by running around all the bases and reaching home plate.
  • the runs, [Informal.]diarrheadiarrhea: [uncountable; used with a singular verb]Having the runs is very unpleasant.[plural;
    used with a plural verb]
    The runs were very unpleasant.
  • idiom
    1. Idiomsin the long run, in the course of long experience:In the long run your stocks will earn money.
    2. Idioms, in the short run, in the near future:The stocks are losing money in the short run.
    3. on the run: 
      • scurrying about to perform one's activities:on the run from morning till night.
      • while rushing to get somewhere:eating breakfast on the run.
      • moving from place to place so as to hide from the police.
    4. Idiomsrun for it, [no object][Informal.]to flee quickly:We'd better run for it; the police are right behind us.
    5. Idiomsrun off at the mouth, [Informal.]to talk without stopping or without thinking:constantly running off at the mouth.
    6. Idiomsrun short, [no object] to have an insufficiency of something:My patience is running short.



    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    run /rʌn/ vb (runs, running, ran, run)
    1. (intransitive) (of a two-legged creature) to move on foot at a rapid pace so that both feet are off the ground together for part of each stride
    2. (of a four-legged creature) to move at a rapid gait; gallop or canter
    3. (transitive) to pass over (a distance, route, etc) in running: to run a mile, run a race
    4. (intransitive) to run in or finish a race as specified, esp in a particular position: John is running third
    5. (transitive) to perform or accomplish by or as if by running: to run an errand
    6. (intransitive) to flee; run away
    7. (transitive) to bring into a specified state or condition by running: to run oneself to a standstill
    8. (transitive) to track down or hunt (an animal): to run a fox to earth
    9. (transitive) to set (animals) loose on (a field or tract of land) so as to graze freely
    10. (intr; often followed by over, round or up) to make a short trip or brief informal visit: I'll run over to your house this afternoon
    11. to move quickly and easily on wheels by rolling, or in any of certain other ways: a ball running along the ground, a sledge running over snow
    12. to move or cause to move with a specified result or in a specified manner: to run a ship aground, to run into a tree
    13. (often followed by over) to move or pass or cause to move or pass quickly: to run a vacuum cleaner over the carpet, to run one's eyes over a page
    14. (tr; followed by into, out of, through, etc) to force, thrust, or drive: she ran a needle into her finger
    15. (transitive) to drive or maintain and operate (a vehicle)
    16. (transitive) to give a lift to (someone) in a vehicle; transport: he ran her to the railway station
    17. to ply or cause to ply between places on a route: the bus runs from Piccadilly to Golders Green
    18. to operate or be operated; function or cause to function: the engine is running smoothly
    19. (transitive) to perform or carry out: to run tests
    20. to extend or continue or cause to extend or continue in a particular direction, for a particular duration or distance, etc: the road runs north, the play ran for two years, the months ran into years
    21. (intransitive) to have legal force or effect: the lease runs for two more years
    22. (transitive) to be subjected to, be affected by, or incur: to run a risk, run a temperature
    23. (intransitive) often followed by to: to be characterized (by); tend or incline: her taste runs to extravagant hats, to run to fat
    24. (intransitive) to recur persistently or be inherent: red hair runs in my family
    25. to cause or allow (liquids) to flow or (of liquids) to flow, esp in a manner specified: water ran from the broken pipe, the well has run dry
    26. (intransitive) to melt and flow: the wax grew hot and began to run
    27. to melt or fuse
    28. (transitive) to mould or cast (molten metal): to run lead into ingots
    29. (intransitive) (of waves, tides, rivers, etc) to rise high, surge, or be at a specified height: a high sea was running that night
    30. (intransitive) to be diffused: the colours in my dress ran when I washed it
    31. (intransitive) (of stitches) to unravel or come undone or (of a garment) to have stitches unravel or come undone
    32. to sew (an article) with continuous stitches
    33. (intransitive) (of growing vines, creepers, etc) to trail, spread, or climb: ivy running over a cottage wall
    34. (intransitive) to spread or circulate quickly: a rumour ran through the town
    35. (intransitive) to be stated or reported: his story runs as follows
    36. to publish or print or be published or printed in a newspaper, magazine, etc: they ran his story in the next issue
    37. (often followed by for) chiefly US Canadian to be a candidate or present as a candidate for political or other office: Anderson is running for president
    38. (transitive) to get past or through; evade: to run a blockade
    39. (transitive) to deal in (arms, etc), esp by importing illegally: he runs guns for the rebels
    40. to sail (a vessel, esp a sailing vessel) or (of such a vessel) to be sailed with the wind coming from astern
    41. (intransitive)(of fish) to migrate upstream from the sea, esp in order to spawn
    42. (transitive) to score (a run or number of runs) by hitting the ball and running between the wickets
    43. (transitive) to make (a number of successful shots) in sequence
    44. (transitive) to hit (the ball) so that it rolls along the ground
    45. (transitive) to cash (all one's winning cards in a long suit) successively
    n
    1. an act, instance, or period of running
    2. a gait, pace, or motion faster than a walk: she went off at a run
    3. a distance covered by running or a period of running: a run of ten miles
    4. an act, instance, or period of travelling in a vehicle, esp for pleasure: to go for a run in the car
    5. free and unrestricted access: we had the run of the house and garden for the whole summer
    6. a period of time during which a machine, computer, etc, operates
    7. the amount of work performed in such a period
    8. a continuous or sustained period: a run of good luck
    9. a continuous sequence of performances: the play had a good run
    10. a sequence of winning cards in one suit, usually more than five: a run of spades
    11. tendency or trend: the run of the market
    12. type, class, or category: the usual run of graduates
    13. (usually followed by on) a continuous and urgent demand: a run on butter, a run on the dollar
    14. a series of unravelled stitches, esp in stockings or tights; ladder
    15. the characteristic pattern or direction of something: the run of the grain on a piece of wood
    16. a period during which water or other liquid flows
    17. the amount of such a flow
    18. a pipe, channel, etc, through which water or other liquid flows
    19. US a small stream
    20. a steeply inclined pathway or course, esp a snow-covered one used for skiing and bobsleigh racing
    21. an enclosure for domestic fowls or other animals, in which they have free movement: a chicken run
    22. (esp in Australia and New Zealand) a tract of land for grazing livestock
    23. the migration of fish upstream in order to spawn
    24. a mission in a warplane
    25. the movement of an aircraft along the ground during takeoff or landing
    26. a rapid scalelike passage of notes
    27. a score of one, normally achieved by both batsmen running from one end of the wicket to the other after one of them has hit the ball
    28. an instance of a batter touching all four bases safely, thereby scoring
    29. the distance that a ball rolls after hitting the ground
    30. a run for one's moneyinformal a strong challenge or close competition
    31. pleasure derived from an activity
    32. in the long runas the eventual outcome of a sequence of events, actions, etc; ultimately
    33. in the short runas the immediate outcome of a series of events, etc
    34. on the runescaping from arrest; fugitive
    35. in rapid flight; retreating: the enemy is on the run
    36. hurrying from place to place: she's always on the run
    37. the runsslang diarrhoea

    See also runabout, run across, run along, run around, run away, run down, run in, run into, run off, run on, run out, run over, run through, run to, run upEtymology: Old English runnen, past participle of (ge)rinnan; related to Old Frisian, Old Norse rinna, Old Saxon, Gothic, Old High German rinnan



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