WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
run /rʌn/USA pronunciation
v., ran/ræn/USA pronunciationrun, run•ning,n.
[no object] to go quickly by moving the legs more rapidly than at a walk:He ran down the street.
[~ + object] to perform by or as if by running:She ran an errand.
[~ + object] to go or cross (a distance) in running:He ran the mile in under four minutes.
[~ + object] to enter in a race:She ran her horse in the last race.
[~ + object] to pass something (over or through) quickly:He ran his fingers lightly over the keyboard.
[no object] to go to for aid, etc.:He is always running to his parents.
[no object] to make a quick trip or visit:to run to the supermarket.
[~ + object] to carry or transport:I'll run you home in my car.
to (cause to) move freely: [no object]At least here the dog can run around in the park.[~ + object]Take the dog and run him around the track.
to (cause to) move forward: [no object]The ball ran into the street.[~ + object]The golfer ran the ball too far and it rolled off the green.
to (cause to) be a candidate for election: [no object]She's running for vice president.[~ + object]The party ran its best candidates in the last election.
(of a ship, car, etc.) to (cause to) be sailed or driven from a proper or given route: [no object]The ship ran aground.[~ + object]The driver ran the car up onto the curb.
to (cause to) go back and forth between places or along a certain route: [no object]The bus runs between New Haven and Hartford.[~ + object]The company runs ferries between New York and Hoboken.
to (cause to) unravel, as stitches or a fabric: [no object]Her stockings ran when she knelt down quickly.[~ + object]to run the stocking.
to (cause to) flow in or as if in a stream: [no object]Tears ran from her eyes. Her nose was running.[~ + object]He ran some hot water into the tub.
[no object] (of colors) to spread to other things:The colors in your blouse will run if you use hot water.
to (cause to) operate or function: [no object]How is the office running these days?[~ + object]Run the dishwasher again and let's see if it works.
[~ + object] to manage or conduct:to run a business.
[no object] to be within a range of a certain size, number, etc.:The grades on the last exam ran from B + to F.
[no object] to (cause to) meet or endure a certain condition:to run into trouble.
[~ + to + object] to tend to have a specified quality, form, etc.:This novel runs to long descriptions.
[no object] to be stated or worded:The text runs as follows.
[~ + to + object] to amount; total:The bill ran to $100.
[~ + object] to cost (an amount):This watch runs $30 or so.
[~ + object + object] to cost (a person) an amount:The car repair will run you $90.
[not: be + ~-ing; no object] to continue, extend, stretch, or last:The story runs for eight pages.
[~ + object] to put so as to extend in a particular direction:to run the television cable under the road.
to (cause to) appear in print: [no object]The story ran in all the papers.[~ + object]The newspaper ran the story on page 1.
Show Businessto (cause to) be performed: [no object]The play ran for two years.[~ + object]to run the movie for two years until it made a profit.
[no object] to occur again through time:Musical ability runs in my family.
[~ + object] to get past or through without stopping:to run a blockade.
Computing[~ + object] to process (the instructions in a program) by computer:For some reason the computer runs the program but then stops.
[~ + object] to place oneself in danger, at risk, etc.:running some big risks.
[~ + object] to drive, force, or thrust:ran the sword through his opponent's heart.
run across, [~ + across + object] to meet or find accidentally:I ran across an old friend.
run after, [~ + after + object]
- to chase or pursue:The police ran after the thief.
run along, [no object] to leave; go away:Run along, children, and play outside.
run around, [no object]
- to try to gain or obtain:to run after wealth.
- to be involved in many different activities.
run away, [no object] to flee, esp. with no intent to return:The three-year-old said she was going to run away.
run away with, [~ + away + with + object]
- to have more than one romantic involvement.
- to go away with, esp. to marry:Her husband ran away with another woman.
- to steal:to run away with all the money.
- to get by surpassing others, as a prize:ran away with all the prizes.
- to overwhelm; get the better of:Sometimes his enthusiasm runs away with him.
- to strike and overturn, esp. with a vehicle: [~ + object + down]He accidentally ran the child down.[~ + down + object]He ran down the child.
- to chase after and seize: [~ + down + object]to run down criminals.[~ + object + down]to run them down and catch them.
- [~ + down + object] to read through quickly:He ran down the list of figures.
- [no object] to cease operation; stop:The battery ran down in just a few hours.
- to speak badly about (someone): [~ + down + object]always running down his friends.[~ + object + down]always running me down.
run in, [Informal.]to arrest: [~ + in + object]The police officers ran in all the usual suspects.[~ + object + in]promised he'd run me in if he ever caught me again.
run into, [~ + object]
- to search out; find: [~ + down + object]to run down some leads in the murder case.[~ + object + down]to run some leads down.
- to collide with:We ran into each other and fell.
- to meet accidentally:ran into an old friend just the other day.
- [Informal.]to amount to; total:This project could run into the millions.
- [no object] to leave quickly;
run away:ran off before I could thank her.
- to create quickly and easily: [~ + off + object]to run off a term paper in an hour.[~ + object + off]ran his rehearsed answers off quickly in the debate.
- to drive away; expel: [~ + off + object]ran off the pesky stray dog.[~ + object + off]ran the stray dog off.
run off with, [~ + off + with + object]
- to print, print out, or duplicate: [~ + off + object]to run off 500 copies.[~ + object + off]to run a few copies off.
- to steal; abscond with:running off with the money.
run on, [no object] to continue without relief or interruption:He ran on about his computer so long that I was bored stiff.
- to leave suddenly with, so as to marry or have an affair with:ran off with the mayor's wife.
- [no object] to come to an end; to be finished:My visa has run out.
- [no object] to become used up;
to have no more:The fuel has run out.
run out of, [~ + out + of + object] to use up a supply of:We've run out of wood; how will we make a fire?
- [~ + object + out] to drive out; expel:could run us out with threats or intimidation.
- to hit with a vehicle, esp. when severe injury or death results: [~ + over + object]The car ran over several people in the park.[~ + object + over]The driver ran the child over.
- [~ + over + object] to go beyond; exceed:His speech ran over the time limit.
- [~ + over + object] to repeat;
review:Let's run over that song again.
- [no object] to overflow, as a container.
- [~ + object + through] to pierce or stab, as with a sword:Cyrano ran him through.
- [~ + through + object] to consume or use up wastefully:He ran through all their money.
run to, [~ + to + object] to amount to; reach:The bill ran to several hundred dollars.
- [~ + through + object] to practice or rehearse:Let's run through that tune one more time.
run with, [~ + with + object][Informal.]to proceed with:If the board likes the idea, we'll run with it.
a fleeing; flight:a quick run for the border.
the distance covered, as by running.
a quick trip:a few runs to the grocery store.
a routine or regular trip:the deliveryman's usual run.
a period of operation of a machine:a 14-hour run for each generator.
the amount produced in such a period:The newspaper has runs of over a million copies a day.
a course, trend, or tendency:the normal run of events.
[usually singular] freedom to use something:to have the run of the house.
Show Businessa continuous series, course, or extent:a run of good luck.
any extensive and continued demand:a sudden run on umbrellas.
a series of demands for payment, as on a bank:a run on the banks.
an inclined course, such as on a slope:a bobsled run.
[Baseball.]the score made by running around all the bases and reaching home plate.
the runs, [Informal.]diarrheadiarrhea: [uncountable; used with a singular verb]Having the runs is very unpleasant.[plural;
- to gather, accumulate, or amass: [~ + up + object]running up huge debts.[no object]Huge debts have run up.
used with a plural verb]The runs were very unpleasant.
- Idiomsin the long run, in the course of long experience:In the long run your stocks will earn money.
- Idioms, in the short run, in the near future:The stocks are losing money in the short run.
on the run:
- scurrying about to perform one's activities:on the run from morning till night.
- while rushing to get somewhere:eating breakfast on the run.
- moving from place to place so as to hide from the police.
- Idiomsrun for it, [no object][Informal.]to flee quickly:We'd better run for it; the police are right behind us.
- Idiomsrun off at the mouth, [Informal.]to talk without stopping or without thinking:constantly running off at the mouth.
- Idiomsrun short, [no object] to have an insufficiency of something:My patience is running short.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
run /rʌn/ vb (runs, running, ran, run)
- (intransitive) (of a two-legged creature) to move on foot at a rapid pace so that both feet are off the ground together for part of each stride
- (of a four-legged creature) to move at a rapid gait; gallop or canter
- (transitive) to pass over (a distance, route, etc) in running: to run a mile, run a race
- (intransitive) to run in or finish a race as specified, esp in a particular position: John is running third
- (transitive) to perform or accomplish by or as if by running: to run an errand
- (intransitive) to flee; run away
- (transitive) to bring into a specified state or condition by running: to run oneself to a standstill
- (transitive) to track down or hunt (an animal): to run a fox to earth
- (transitive) to set (animals) loose on (a field or tract of land) so as to graze freely
- (intr; often followed by over, round or up) to make a short trip or brief informal visit: I'll run over to your house this afternoon
- to move quickly and easily on wheels by rolling, or in any of certain other ways: a ball running along the ground, a sledge running over snow
- to move or cause to move with a specified result or in a specified manner: to run a ship aground, to run into a tree
- (often followed by over) to move or pass or cause to move or pass quickly: to run a vacuum cleaner over the carpet, to run one's eyes over a page
- (tr; followed by into, out of, through, etc) to force, thrust, or drive: she ran a needle into her finger
- (transitive) to drive or maintain and operate (a vehicle)
- (transitive) to give a lift to (someone) in a vehicle; transport: he ran her to the railway station
- to ply or cause to ply between places on a route: the bus runs from Piccadilly to Golders Green
- to operate or be operated; function or cause to function: the engine is running smoothly
- (transitive) to perform or carry out: to run tests
- to extend or continue or cause to extend or continue in a particular direction, for a particular duration or distance, etc: the road runs north, the play ran for two years, the months ran into years
- (intransitive) to have legal force or effect: the lease runs for two more years
- (transitive) to be subjected to, be affected by, or incur: to run a risk, run a temperature
- (intransitive) often followed by to: to be characterized (by); tend or incline: her taste runs to extravagant hats, to run to fat
- (intransitive) to recur persistently or be inherent: red hair runs in my family
- to cause or allow (liquids) to flow or (of liquids) to flow, esp in a manner specified: water ran from the broken pipe, the well has run dry
- (intransitive) to melt and flow: the wax grew hot and began to run
- to melt or fuse
- (transitive) to mould or cast (molten metal): to run lead into ingots
- (intransitive) (of waves, tides, rivers, etc) to rise high, surge, or be at a specified height: a high sea was running that night
- (intransitive) to be diffused: the colours in my dress ran when I washed it
- (intransitive) (of stitches) to unravel or come undone or (of a garment) to have stitches unravel or come undone
- to sew (an article) with continuous stitches
- (intransitive) (of growing vines, creepers, etc) to trail, spread, or climb: ivy running over a cottage wall
- (intransitive) to spread or circulate quickly: a rumour ran through the town
- (intransitive) to be stated or reported: his story runs as follows
- to publish or print or be published or printed in a newspaper, magazine, etc: they ran his story in the next issue
- (often followed by for) chiefly US Canadian to be a candidate or present as a candidate for political or other office: Anderson is running for president
- (transitive) to get past or through; evade: to run a blockade
- (transitive) to deal in (arms, etc), esp by importing illegally: he runs guns for the rebels
- to sail (a vessel, esp a sailing vessel) or (of such a vessel) to be sailed with the wind coming from astern
- (intransitive)(of fish) to migrate upstream from the sea, esp in order to spawn
- (transitive) to score (a run or number of runs) by hitting the ball and running between the wickets
- (transitive) to make (a number of successful shots) in sequence
- (transitive) to hit (the ball) so that it rolls along the ground
- (transitive) to cash (all one's winning cards in a long suit) successively
See also runabout
- an act, instance, or period of running
- a gait, pace, or motion faster than a walk: she went off at a run
- a distance covered by running or a period of running: a run of ten miles
- an act, instance, or period of travelling in a vehicle, esp for pleasure: to go for a run in the car
- free and unrestricted access: we had the run of the house and garden for the whole summer
- a period of time during which a machine, computer, etc, operates
- the amount of work performed in such a period
- a continuous or sustained period: a run of good luck
- a continuous sequence of performances: the play had a good run
- a sequence of winning cards in one suit, usually more than five: a run of spades
- tendency or trend: the run of the market
- type, class, or category: the usual run of graduates
- (usually followed by on) a continuous and urgent demand: a run on butter, a run on the dollar
- a series of unravelled stitches, esp in stockings or tights; ladder
- the characteristic pattern or direction of something: the run of the grain on a piece of wood
- a period during which water or other liquid flows
- the amount of such a flow
- a pipe, channel, etc, through which water or other liquid flows
- US a small stream
- a steeply inclined pathway or course, esp a snow-covered one used for skiing and bobsleigh racing
- an enclosure for domestic fowls or other animals, in which they have free movement: a chicken run
- (esp in Australia and New Zealand) a tract of land for grazing livestock
- the migration of fish upstream in order to spawn
- a mission in a warplane
- the movement of an aircraft along the ground during takeoff or landing
- a rapid scalelike passage of notes
- a score of one, normally achieved by both batsmen running from one end of the wicket to the other after one of them has hit the ball
- an instance of a batter touching all four bases safely, thereby scoring
- the distance that a ball rolls after hitting the ground
- a run for one's money ⇒ informal a strong challenge or close competition
- pleasure derived from an activity
- in the long run ⇒ as the eventual outcome of a sequence of events, actions, etc; ultimately
- in the short run ⇒ as the immediate outcome of a series of events, etc
- on the run ⇒ escaping from arrest; fugitive
- in rapid flight; retreating: the enemy is on the run
- hurrying from place to place: she's always on the run
- the runs ⇒ slang diarrhoea
, run across
, run along
, run around
, run away
, run down
, run in
, run into
, run off
, run on
, run out
, run over
, run through
, run to
, run upEtymology: Old English runnen, past participle of (ge)rinnan; related to Old Frisian, Old Norse rinna, Old Saxon, Gothic, Old High German rinnan