WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2014
scratch /skrætʃ/USA pronunciationv.
to damage or mark the surface of by scraping with something rough: [~ + object]The cat scratched her.[no object]The cat scratched at the door.
to (cause to) be removed with a scraping action: [~ + object]Did you scratch the paint on your new car?[no object]This paint won't scratch easily.
to scrape slightly, as with the fingernails, to relieve itching: [no object]He scratched gently at his ear while he thought.[~ + object]He scratched his arm where the mosquito had bitten him.
[~ + object] to draw on a rough, grating surface:to scratch one's initials on the rock.
[~ + object] to remove (an entry) from a contest:He was scratched from the race at the last minute.
[~ + object] to reject (an idea, etc.):Scratch that idea; it costs too much.
Pathology[countable] a slight injury or mark caused by scratching:had a scratch on his face from the cat.
[countable] a rough mark made by a pen, etc.; scrawl.
[countable] the act of scratching.
[countable] a slight grating sound produced by scratching:The scratches on the record made it impossible to enjoy the music.
adj. [before a noun]
used for notes, etc.:scratch paper.
Informal Termsgathered together too quickly and without enough care:a scratch crew.
from scratch, [uncountable]
- from the beginning or from nothing:Let's start from scratch.
Idiomsup to scratch, as good as the standard; satisfactory:Your work is not up to scratch.
- using basic pieces or ingredients rather than a commercial preparation:to bake a cake from scratch.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
scratch /skrætʃ/ vb
- to mark or cut (the surface of something) with a rough or sharp instrument
- often followed by at, out, off, etc: to scrape (the surface of something), as with claws, nails, etc
- to scrape (the surface of the skin) with the nails, as to relieve itching
- to chafe or irritate (a surface, esp the skin)
- to make or cause to make a grating sound; scrape
- (transitive) sometimes followed by out: to erase by or as if by scraping
- (transitive) to write or draw awkwardly
- (intransitive) sometimes followed by along: to earn a living, manage, etc, with difficulty
- to withdraw (an entry) from a race, match, etc
- the act of scratching
- a slight injury
- a mark made by scratching
- a slight grating sound
- (in a handicap sport) a competitor or the status of a competitor who has no allowance or receives a penalty
- the line from which competitors start in a race
- (formerly) a line drawn on the floor of a prize ring at which the contestants stood to begin or continue fighting
- a lucky shot
- up to scratch ⇒ (usually used with a negative) informal up to standard
Etymology: 15th Century: via Old French escrater from Germanic; compare Old High German krazzōn (German kratzen); related to Old French gratter to grate1ˈscratchy adj
- (of a team) assembled hastily
- (in a handicap sport) with no allowance or penalty
- informal rough or haphazard
'scratch' also found in these entries: