WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
sep•a•rate /v. ˈsɛpəˌreɪt; adj., n. -ərɪt/USA pronunciation   v.,  -rat•ed, -rat•ing, adj., n. 
v. 
  1. to (cause to) come or draw apart;
    divide: [+ object]to separate two fighting boys.[+ object + from + object]The school separates the boys from the girls.[no object]The two fighters separated, then went after each other again.
  2. to divide into pieces: [+ object]Separate the strips of bacon and fry them individually.[no object]After defrosting, the strips of bacon will separate easily.
  3. to (cause to) become extracted: [+ object]to separate metal from ore.[no object]The metal easily separates from the ore.
  4. to stop living together but without divorce:[no object]He and his wife separated last year.

adj. 
  1. detached;
    not connected:a garage separate from the house.
  2. different:five separate meanings.
  3. not shared;
    individual:[before a noun]separate checks.

n. 
  1. ClothingUsually,  separates. [plural] women's clothing to be worn in various combinations.
sep•a•rate•ly, adv. See -pare-1.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
sep•a•rate  (v. sepə rāt′;adj., n. sepər it),USA pronunciation v.,  -rat•ed, -rat•ing, adj., n. 
v.t. 
  1. to keep apart or divide, as by an intervening barrier or space:to separate two fields by a fence.
  2. to put, bring, or force apart;
    part:to separate two fighting boys.
  3. to set apart;
    disconnect;
    dissociate:to separate church and state.
  4. to remove or sever from association, service, etc., esp. legally or formally:He was separated from the army right after V-E Day.
  5. to sort, part, divide, or disperse (an assemblage, mass, compound, etc.), as into individual units, components, or elements.
  6. to take by parting or dividing;
    extract (usually fol. by from or out):to separate metal from ore.
  7. Mathematicsto write (the variables of a differential equation) in a form in which the differentials of the independent and dependent variables are, respectively, functions of these variables alone:We can separate the variables to solve the equation.Cf.  separation of variables. 

v.i. 
  1. to part company;
    withdraw from personal association (often fol. by from):to separate from a church.
  2. (of a married pair) to stop living together but without getting a divorce.
  3. to draw or come apart;
    become divided, disconnected, or detached.
  4. to become parted from a mass or compound:Cream separates from milk.
  5. to take or go in different directions:We have to separate at the crossroad.

adj. 
  1. detached, disconnected, or disjoined.
  2. unconnected;
    distinct;
    unique:two separate questions.
  3. being or standing apart;
    distant or dispersed:two separate houses; The desert has widely separate oases.
  4. existing or maintained independently:separate organizations.
  5. individual or particular:each separate item.
  6. not shared;
    individual or private:separate checks; separate rooms.
  7. (sometimes cap.) noting or pertaining to a church or other organization no longer associated with the original or parent organization.

n. 
  1. ClothingUsually,  separates. women's outer garments that may be worn in combination with a variety of others to make different ensembles, as matching and contrasting blouses, skirts, and sweaters.
  2. Printing, Library Scienceoffprint (def. 1).
  3. Library Sciencea bibliographical unit, as an article, chapter, or other portion of a larger work, printed from the same type but issued separately, sometimes with additional pages.
sepa•rate•ly, adv. 
sepa•rate•ness, n. 
  • Latin sēparātus (past participle of sēparāre), equivalent. to sē- se- + par(āre) to furnish, produce, obtain, prepare + -ātus -ate1
  • late Middle English (noun, nominal and adjective, adjectival) 1400–50
    • 1, 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged sever, sunder, split.
      Separate, divide imply a putting apart or keeping apart of things from each other. To
      separate is to remove from each other things previously associated:to separate a mother from her children.To
      divide is to split or break up carefully according to measurement, rule, or plan:to divide a cake into equal parts.
    • 3.See corresponding entry in Unabridged disjoin, disengage.
    • 13.See corresponding entry in Unabridged unattached, severed, discrete.
    • 15.See corresponding entry in Unabridged secluded, isolated.
    • 16.See corresponding entry in Unabridged independent.
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged –3. unite, connect.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

separate vb /ˈsɛpəˌreɪt/
  1. (transitive) to act as a barrier between: a range of mountains separates the two countries
  2. to part or be parted from a mass or group
  3. (transitive) to discriminate between: to separate the men from the boys
  4. to divide or be divided into component parts; sort or be sorted
  5. to sever or be severed
  6. (intransitive) (of a married couple) to cease living together by mutual agreement or after obtaining a decree of judicial separation
adj /ˈsɛprɪt; ˈsɛpərɪt/
  1. existing or considered independently: a separate problem
  2. disunited or apart
  3. set apart from the main body or mass
  4. distinct, individual, or particular
  5. solitary or withdrawn
Etymology: 15th Century: from Latin sēparāre, from sē- apart + parāre to obtain

ˈseparately adv ˈseparateness n



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