shake

Listen:
 /ʃeɪk/


For the verb: "to shake"

Simple Past: shook
Past Participle: shaken

WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
shake /ʃeɪk/USA pronunciation   v.,  shook/ʃʊk/USA pronunciation  shak•en/ˈʃeɪkən/USA pronunciation  shak•ing, n. 
v. 
  1. to (cause to) move with short, quick movements: [no object]The car shook when the engine started.[+ object]The earthquake shook the house.
  2. Pathology to tremble with emotion, cold, etc.:[no object]His voice shook with rage.
  3. to (cause to) become loose and fall: [+ object]He shook the sand loose from his feet.[+ object + off]She shook her clothes off and climbed into bed.[+ off + object]She shook off her clothes and climbed into bed.[+ off]The sand shook off all through the house.
  4. to move (something, esp. in a container), briskly to and fro or up and down, as in mixing: [+ object]Shake the container of chocolate milk before you pour it.[+ up + object]Shake up the container.[+ object + up]Shake it up well.[no object]Shake well before using.
  5. to take hold of (usually the right hand of another person) as a sign of greeting, friendship, etc.: [+ object]They shook hands and exchanged business cards.[no object]It's a deal; let's shake on it.
  6. to hold (something) in front of another in a threatening way:[+ object]shook her fist at him.
  7. to grasp in an attempt to knock something loose by quick, strong movements:[+ object]to shake the tree to knock apples loose.
  8. to knock (something) loose by quick, strong movements:[+ object]to shake apples from the tree.
  9. to upset or worry (someone) deeply or greatly:[+ object]badly shaken by her death.
  10. to get rid of or away from:[+ object]The spy shook the agents following him.
  11. shake down: 
    • Informal Termsto demand money from, as by blackmail: [+ down + object]He shook down rich politicians.[+ object + down]to shake them down for money.
    • [+ object + down] to search for hidden weapons:to shake the prisoners down for weapons.
  12. shake off: 
    • to get rid of;
      reject: [+ off + object]She can't shake off a feeling of despair.[+ object + off]I can't shake this flu off.
    • to get away from: [+ off + object]The spy shook off the pair of agents following him.[+ object + off]He shook them off and returned home.
  13. shake up: 
    • to trouble or distress;
      upset: [+ object + up]The news of her death shook us up.[+ up + object]The news of her death shook up the town.
    • [+ up + object] to rearrange:The Prime Minister shook up her Cabinet.

n. 
  1. an act or instance of rocking or shaking:[countable]a slight shake of the head.
  2. Pathology, Informal Termsshakes, [plural;  often: the + ~] a state or spell of trembling, caused by fear, cold, etc.:a bad case of the shakes.
  3. Informal Termsmilkshake.
  4. handshake (def. 1).
  5. Informal Terms treatment;
    deal:[countable;  usually: singular;+ ~]Everyone gets a fair shake.
  6. Geology[countable][Informal.]an earthquake.
Idioms
  1. Idiomsno great shakes, common;
    ordinary:an average student, no great shakes.
  2. Idioms, Informal Termsshake a leg, [Informal.]to hurry.


WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
shake  (shāk),USA pronunciation v.,  shook, shak•en, shak•ing, n. 
v.i. 
  1. to move or sway with short, quick, irregular vibratory movements.
  2. Pathologyto tremble with emotion, cold, etc.
  3. to become dislodged and fall (usually fol. by off or down):Sand shakes off easily.
  4. to move something, or its support or container, briskly to and fro or up and down, as in mixing:Shake before using.
  5. to totter;
    become unsteady.
  6. to clasp another's hand in greeting, agreement, congratulations, etc.:Let's shake and be friends again.
  7. Music and Danceto execute a trill.

v.t. 
  1. to move (something or its support or container) to and fro or up and down with short, quick, forcible movements:to shake a bottle of milk.
  2. to brandish or flourish:to shake a stick at someone.
  3. to grasp (someone or something) firmly in an attempt to move or rouse by, or as by, vigorous movement to and fro:We shook the tree.
  4. to dislodge or dispense (something) by short, quick, forcible movements of its support or container:We shook nuts from the tree.
  5. to cause to sway, rock, totter, etc.:to shake the very foundations of society.
  6. to agitate or disturb profoundly in feeling:The experience shook him badly.
  7. to cause to doubt or waver;
    weaken. to shake one's self-esteem.
  8. Music and Danceto trill (a note).
  9. Gamesto mix (dice) by rolling in the palm of the hand before they are cast.
  10. to get rid of;
    elude:They tried to shake their pursuers.
  11. Informal Termsshake a leg: 
    • to hurry up;
      get a move on:You'd better shake a leg or we'll miss the first act.
    • to dance.
  12. shake down: 
    • to cause to descend by shaking;
      bring down.
    • to cause to settle.
    • to condition;
      test:to shake down a ship.
    • Informal Termsto extort money from.
    • [Slang.]to search (someone), esp. to detect concealed weapons.
  13. shake hands. See  hand (def. 64).
  14. shake off: 
    • to rid oneself of;
      reject.
    • to get away from;
      leave behind.
    • Sport[Baseball, Softball.](of a pitcher) to indicate rejection of (a sign by the catcher for a certain pitch) by shaking the head or motioning with the glove.
  15. shake one's head: 
    • to indicate disapproval, disagreement, negation, or uncertainty by turning one's head from one side to the other and back:I asked him if he knew the answer, but he just shook his head.
    • to indicate approval, agreement, affirmation or acceptance by nodding one's head up and down.
  16. shake the dust from one's feet. See  dust (def. 18).
  17. shake up: 
    • to shake in order to mix or loosen.
    • to upset;
      jar.
    • to agitate mentally or physically:The threat of attack has shaken up the entire country.

n. 
  1. an act or instance of shaking, rocking, swaying, etc.
  2. tremulous motion.
  3. a tremor.
  4. Pathology, Informal Termsshakes, (used with a sing. v.)[Informal.]a state or spell of trembling, as caused by fear, fever, cold, etc. (usually prec. by the).
  5. a disturbing blow;
    shock.
  6. Informal TermsSee  milk shake. 
  7. the act or a manner of clasping another's hand in greeting, agreement, etc.:He has a strong shake.
  8. Informal Termschance or fate;
    deal:a fair shake.
  9. a cast of the dice:He threw an eight on his last shake.
  10. something resulting from shaking.
  11. Geologyan earthquake.
  12. Geologya fissure in the earth.
  13. Buildingan internal crack or fissure in timber.
  14. Music and Dancetrill1 (def. 9).
  15. an instant:I'll be with you in a shake.
  16. Building[Carpentry.]a shingle or clapboard formed by splitting a short log into a number of tapered radial sections with a hatchet.
  17. Time[Horol.](in an escapement) the distance between the nearer corner of one pallet and the nearest tooth of the escape wheel when the other pallet arrests an escape tooth.
  18. Dialect Terms[Chiefly South Midland U.S.]shaker (def. 2).
  19. Music and Dancea dance deriving from the twist.
  20. Slang Termsthe dried leaves of the marijuana plant.
  21. Informal Termsno great shakes, of no particular ability;
    unimportant;
    common:As opera companies go, this one is no great shakes.
  22. two shakes or  two shakes of a lamb's tail, a very short time;
    a moment.
shaka•ble, shakea•ble, adj. 
  • bef. 900; (verb, verbal) Middle English s(c)haken, Old English sceacan; cognate with Low German schacken, Old Norse skaka; (noun, nominal) derivative of the verb, verbal
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged oscillate, waver.
      Shake, quiver, tremble, vibrate refer to an agitated movement that, in living things, is often involuntary. To
      shake is to agitate more or less quickly, abruptly, and often unevenly so as to disturb the poise, stability, or equilibrium of a person or thing:a pole shaking under his weight.To quiver is to exhibit a slight vibratory motion such as that resulting from disturbed or irregular (surface) tension:The surface of the pool quivered in the breeze.To tremble (used more often of a person) is to be agitated by intermittent, involuntary movements of the muscles, much like shivering and caused by fear, cold, weakness, great emotion, etc.:Even stout hearts tremble with dismay.To vibrate is to exhibit a rapid, rhythmical motion:A violin string vibrates when a bow is drawn across it.
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged shudder, shiver.
    • 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged daunt.


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

shake /ʃeɪk/ vb (shakes, shaking, shook, shaken /ˈʃeɪkən/)
  1. to move or cause to move up and down or back and forth with short quick movements; vibrate
  2. to sway or totter or cause to sway or totter
  3. to clasp or grasp (the hand) of (a person) in greeting, agreement, etc: he shook John by the hand, he shook John's hand, they shook and were friends
  4. shake handsto clasp hands in greeting, agreement, etc
  5. shake on itinformal to shake hands in agreement, reconciliation, etc
  6. to bring or come to a specified condition by or as if by shaking: he shook free and ran
  7. (transitive) to wave or brandish: he shook his sword
  8. (transitive) often followed by up: to rouse, stir, or agitate
  9. (transitive) to shock, disturb, or upset: he was shaken by the news of her death
  10. (transitive) to undermine or weaken: the crisis shook his faith
  11. to mix (dice) by rattling in a cup or the hand before throwing
  12. (transitive) Austral archaic slang to steal
  13. (transitive) US Canadian informal to escape from
  14. to perform a trill on (a note)
  15. shake in one's shoesto tremble with fear or apprehension
  16. shake one's headto indicate disagreement or disapproval by moving the head from side to side
n
  1. the act or an instance of shaking
  2. a tremor or vibration
  3. the shakesinformal a state of uncontrollable trembling or a condition that causes it, such as a fever
  4. informal a very short period of time; jiffy: in half a shake
  5. a fissure or crack in timber or rock
  6. an instance of shaking dice before casting
  7. another word for trill
  8. an informal name for earthquake
  9. short for milk shake
  10. no great shakesinformal of no great merit or value; ordinary

See also shake down, shake off, shake upEtymology: Old English sceacan; related to Old Norse skaka to shake, Old High German untscachōn to be driven

ˈshakable, ˈshakeable adj



'shake' also found in these entries:
Collocations: shake with [fear, excitement, rage, laughter], give it a [quick, violent, thorough, slight] shake, shaking from] [fear], more...

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