some

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 /sʌm/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
some /sʌm; unstressed səm/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. being an unknown, or not specified one[+ singular countable noun]Some person may object. We asked if there would be some adult present in the class.
  2. certain; a few but not all[+ plural noun]Some days I stay home.
  3. not specified in number, amount, etc.;
    a certain amount or part of, but not all of[+ uncountable noun]I agree with you to some extent. Will you spend some time with your friends?
  4. not specified but fairly large, great, or considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.: [+ uncountable noun]We talked for some time.[+ plural noun]I've known her for quite some years now.
  5. Informal Terms[Informal.](used, esp. when stressed, to express irony or sarcasm, or that the next noun is unusual, remarkable, undeniable, etc.: [+ countable noun]Some partner you turned out to be! That was some storm.[+ plural noun]Those were some tough football players![+ uncountable noun]There must be some work I can do.

pron. 
      • [used in place of a plural noun] certain persons, individuals, etc., not specified:Some think he is dead.[+ of the + plural noun]Some of the people think he is dead.
      • [used in place of a uncountable noun] a certain part or amount not specified:Some is spoiled, but some is still good.[+ of the + uncountable noun]Some of the food is spoiled.
  1. an unspecified number, amount, etc., in addition to the rest[used in place of a plural noun]He paid a thousand dollars and then some.

adv. 
  1. approximately; about[before a number]The building was some fifty stories high.
  2. to some degree or extent:I like baseball some.
The word some is used in sentences that are affirmative; the word any is used instead of some with negative phrases or in questions:I'd like some milk. I don't want any milk. I never see any of my friends these days. Do you have any milk?But some can be used in questions when the answer is expected to be "yes'':Can I have some milk, please?
-some1  ,suffix. 
  • -some is used to form adjectives with the meanings "like;
    tending to'':burden + -some → burdensome (= like a burden); quarrel + -some → quarrelsome (= tending to quarrel).

  • -some2  ,suffix. 
  • -some is used to form nouns with the meaning "a collection (of the number mentioned) of objects'':threesome (= a group of three).

  • WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
    some  (sum; unstressed səm), 
    adj. 
    1. being an undetermined or unspecified one:Some person may object.
    2. (used with plural nouns) certain:Some days I stay home.
    3. of a certain unspecified number, amount, degree, etc.:to some extent.
    4. unspecified but considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.:We talked for some time. He was here some weeks.
    5. Informal Terms[Informal.]of impressive or remarkable quality, consequence, extent, etc.:That was some storm.

    pron. 
    1. certain persons, individuals, instances, etc., not specified:Some think he is dead.
    2. an unspecified number, amount, etc., as distinguished from the rest or in addition:He paid a thousand dollars and then some.

    adv. 
    1. (used with numerals and with words expressing degree, extent, etc.) approximately; about:Some 300 were present.
    2. Informal Terms[Informal.]to some degree or extent;
      somewhat:I like baseball some. She is feeling some better today.
    3. Informal Terms[Informal.]to a great degree or extent; considerably:That's going some.
    Etymology:bef. 900;
    Middle English (adjective, adjectival and pronoun);
    Old English sum origin, originally, someone;
    cognate with Middle Low German, Middle High German sum, Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums
    As pronouns, both some and any may be used in affirmative or negative questions:Will you(won't you) have some? Do you (don't you) have any? But some is used in affirmative statements and answers:You may have some. Yes, I'd like some.And in negative statements and answers, any is the usual choice:I don't care for any. No, I can't take any.
    -some1 , 
  • a native English suffix formerly used in the formation of adjectives:quarrelsome; burdensome.
  • Etymology:Middle English;
    Old English -sum;
    akin to Gothic -sama, German -sam;
    see same

    -some2 , 
  • a collective suffix used with numerals:twosome; threesome.
  • Etymology:
    • special use of some (pronoun) Middle English -sum, Old English sum

    -some3 , 
  • a combining form meaning "body,'' used in the formation of compound words:chromosome.
  • Also,-soma. 
    Etymology: Greek sôma body;
    see soma1


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    some /sʌm; (unstressed) səm/ determiner
    1. (a) certain unknown or unspecified: some lunatic drove into my car, some people never learn
    2. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): some can teach and others can't
    3. an unknown or unspecified quantity or amount of: there's some rice on the table, he owns some horses
    4. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): we'll buy some
    5. a considerable number or amount of: he lived some years afterwards
    6. a little: show him some respect
    7. (usually stressed) informal an impressive or remarkable: that was some game!
    8. a certain amount (more) (in the phrases some more and (informal) and then some)
    9. about; approximately: he owes me some thirty pounds
    adv
    1. US not standard to a certain degree or extent: I guess I like him some
    Etymology: Old English sum; related to Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums, Old High German sum some, Sanskrit samá any, Greek hamē somehow



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