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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
some /sʌm; unstressed səm/USA pronunciation
adj. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
- being an unknown, or not specified one:[~ + singular countable noun]Some person may object. We asked if there would be some adult present in the class.
a few but not all:[~ + plural noun]Some days I stay home.
- not specified in number, amount, etc.;
a certain amount or part of, but not all of:[~ + uncountable noun]I agree with you to some extent. Will you spend some time with your friends?
- not specified but fairly large, great, or considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.: [~ + uncountable noun]We talked for some time.[~ + plural noun]I've known her for quite some years now.
- Informal Terms(used, esp. when stressed, to express irony or sarcasm, or that the next noun is unusual, remarkable, undeniable, etc.: [~ + countable noun]Some partner you turned out to be! That was some storm.[~ + plural noun]Those were some tough football players![~ + uncountable noun]There must be some work I can do.
- [used in place of a plural noun] certain persons, individuals, etc., not specified:Some think he is dead.[~ + of the + plural noun]Some of the people think he is dead.
- [used in place of a uncountable noun] a certain part or amount not specified:Some is spoiled, but some is still good.[~ + of the + uncountable noun]Some of the food is spoiled.
- an unspecified number, amount, etc., in addition to the rest:[used in place of a plural noun]He paid a thousand dollars and then some.
about:[before a number]The building was some fifty stories high.
- to some degree or extent:I like baseball some.
The word some is used in sentences that are affirmative;
-some is used to form adjectives with the meanings "like;
the word any is used instead of some with negative phrases or in questions:I'd like some milk. I don't want any milk. I never see any of my friends these days. Do you have any milk?But some can be used in questions when the answer is expected to be "yes'':Can I have some milk, please?
tending to'':burden + -some → burdensome (= like a burden);quarrel + -some → quarrelsome (= tending to quarrel).
-some is used to form nouns with the meaning "a collection (of the number mentioned) of objects'':threesome (= a group of three).
(sum; unstressed səm),USA pronunciation adj.
- being an undetermined or unspecified one:Some person may object.
- (used with plural nouns) certain:Some days I stay home.
- of a certain unspecified number, amount, degree, etc.:to some extent.
- unspecified but considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.:We talked for some time. He was here some weeks.
- Informal Termsof impressive or remarkable quality, consequence, extent, etc.:That was some storm.
- certain persons, individuals, instances, etc., not specified:Some think he is dead.
- an unspecified number, amount, etc., as distinguished from the rest or in addition:He paid a thousand dollars and then some.
- (used with numerals and with words expressing degree, extent, etc.) approximately;
about:Some 300 were present.
- Informal Termsto some degree or extent;
somewhat:I like baseball some. She is feeling some better today.
- Informal Termsto a great degree or extent;
considerably:That's going some.
- bef. 900; Middle English (adjective, adjectival and pronoun); Old English sum origin, originally, someone; cognate with Middle Low German, Middle High German sum, Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums
As pronouns, both some and any may be used in affirmative or negative questions:Will you(won't you) have some? Do you (don't you) have any? But some is used in affirmative statements and answers:You may have some. Yes, I'd like some.And in negative statements and answers, any is the usual choice:I don't care for any. No, I can't take any.
a native English suffix formerly used in the formation of adjectives:quarrelsome; burdensome.
a collective suffix used with numerals:twosome; threesome.
- Middle English; Old English -sum; akin to Gothic -sama, German -sam; see same
a combining form meaning "body,'' used in the formation of compound words:chromosome.Also, -soma.
- special use of some (pronoun) Middle English -sum, Old English sum
- Greek sôma body; see soma1
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
some /sʌm; (unstressed) səm/ determiner
- (a) certain unknown or unspecified: some lunatic drove into my car, some people never learn
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): some can teach and others can't
- an unknown or unspecified quantity or amount of: there's some rice on the table, he owns some horses
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): we'll buy some
- a considerable number or amount of: he lived some years afterwards
- a little: show him some respect
- (usually stressed) informal an impressive or remarkable: that was some game!
- a certain amount (more) (in the phrases some more and (informal) and then some)
- about; approximately: he owes me some thirty pounds
Etymology: Old English sum; related to Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums, Old High German sum some, Sanskrit samá any, Greek hamē somehow
- US not standard to a certain degree or extent: I guess I like him some
'some' also found in these entries: