WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
some /sʌm; unstressed səm/USA pronunciation
- [~ + singular countable noun] being an unknown, or not specified one:Some person may object. We asked if there would be some adult present in the class.
- [~ + plural noun] certain; a few but not all:Some days I stay home.
- [~ + uncountable noun] not specified in number, amount, etc.;
a certain amount or part of, but not all of:I agree with you to some extent. Will you spend some time with your friends?
- not specified but fairly large, great, or considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.: [~ + uncountable noun]We talked for some time.[~ + plural noun]I've known her for quite some years now.
- Informal Terms[Informal.](used, esp. when stressed, to express irony or sarcasm, or that the next noun is unusual, remarkable, undeniable, etc.: [~ + countable noun]Some partner you turned out to be! That was some storm.[~ + plural noun]Those were some tough football players![~ + uncountable noun]There must be some work I can do.
- [used in place of a plural noun] certain persons, individuals, etc., not specified:Some think he is dead.[~ + of the + plural noun]Some of the people think he is dead.
[used in place of a plural noun] an unspecified number, amount, etc., in addition to the rest:He paid a thousand dollars and then some.
[before a number] approximately; about:The building was some fifty stories high.
to some degree or extent:I like baseball some.
The word some is used in sentences that are affirmative; the word any is used instead of some with negative phrases or in questions:I'd like some milk. I don't want any milk. I never see any of my friends these days. Do you have any milk?But some can be used in questions when the answer is expected to be "yes'':Can I have some milk, please?
- [used in place of a uncountable noun] a certain part or amount not specified:Some is spoiled, but some is still good.[~ + of the + uncountable noun]Some of the food is spoiled.
-some is used to form adjectives with the meanings "like;
tending to'':burden + -some → burdensome (= like a burden); quarrel + -some → quarrelsome (= tending to quarrel).
-some is used to form nouns with the meaning "a collection (of the number mentioned) of objects'':threesome (= a group of three).
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
some /sʌm; (unstressed) səm/ determiner
- (a) certain unknown or unspecified: some lunatic drove into my car, some people never learn
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): some can teach and others can't
- an unknown or unspecified quantity or amount of: there's some rice on the table, he owns some horses
- (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): we'll buy some
- a considerable number or amount of: he lived some years afterwards
- a little: show him some respect
- (usually stressed) informal an impressive or remarkable: that was some game!
- a certain amount (more) (in the phrases some more and (informal) and then some)
- about; approximately: he owes me some thirty pounds
Etymology: Old English sum; related to Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums, Old High German sum some, Sanskrit samá any, Greek hamē somehow
- US not standard to a certain degree or extent: I guess I like him some
'some' also found in these entries: