WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2014
some /sʌm; unstressed səm/USA pronunciation adj.  [+ singular countable noun] being an unknown, or not specified one:Some person may object. We asked if there would be some adult present in the class. [+ plural noun] certain; a few but not all:Some days I stay home. [+ uncountable noun] not specified in number, amount, etc.;
a certain amount or part of, but not all of:I agree with you to some extent. Will you spend some time with your friends?
not specified but fairly large, great, or considerable in number, amount, degree, etc.: [+ uncountable noun]We talked for some time.[+ plural noun]I've known her for quite some years now. Informal Terms[Informal.](used, esp. when stressed, to express irony or sarcasm, or that the next noun is unusual, remarkable, undeniable, etc.: [+ countable noun]Some partner you turned out to be! That was some storm.[+ plural noun]Those were some tough football players![+ uncountable noun]There must be some work I can do.
pron. 
  • [used in place of a plural noun] certain persons, individuals, etc., not specified:Some think he is dead.[+ of the + plural noun]Some of the people think he is dead.
  • [used in place of a uncountable noun] a certain part or amount not specified:Some is spoiled, but some is still good.[+ of the + uncountable noun]Some of the food is spoiled.
[used in place of a plural noun] an unspecified number, amount, etc., in addition to the rest:He paid a thousand dollars and then some.
adv.  [before a number] approximately; about:The building was some fifty stories high. to some degree or extent:I like baseball some. The word some is used in sentences that are affirmative; the word any is used instead of some with negative phrases or in questions:I'd like some milk. I don't want any milk. I never see any of my friends these days. Do you have any milk?But some can be used in questions when the answer is expected to be "yes'':Can I have some milk, please?
-some1  ,suffix.  -some is used to form adjectives with the meanings "like;
tending to'':burden + -some → burdensome (= like a burden); quarrel + -some → quarrelsome (= tending to quarrel).

-some2  ,suffix.  -some is used to form nouns with the meaning "a collection (of the number mentioned) of objects'':threesome (= a group of three).

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

some /sʌm; (unstressed) səm/ determiner
  1. (a) certain unknown or unspecified: some lunatic drove into my car, some people never learn
  2. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): some can teach and others can't
  3. an unknown or unspecified quantity or amount of: there's some rice on the table, he owns some horses
  4. (as pronoun; functioning as sing or plural): we'll buy some
  5. a considerable number or amount of: he lived some years afterwards
  6. a little: show him some respect
  7. (usually stressed) informal an impressive or remarkable: that was some game!
  8. a certain amount (more) (in the phrases some more and (informal) and then some)
  9. about; approximately: he owes me some thirty pounds
adv
  1. US not standard to a certain degree or extent: I guess I like him some
Etymology: Old English sum; related to Old Norse sumr, Gothic sums, Old High German sum some, Sanskrit samá any, Greek hamē somehow



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