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sound shift

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
sound1 /saʊnd/USA pronunciation n. 
  1. [uncountable] the sensation produced by vibrations that stimulate the nerves of the ear and can be heard:Sound travels at speeds slower than light.
  2. [countable] the particular effect produced by a certain source on one's hearing:the sound of fire engines.
  3. [countable] a noise, a word or part of a word produced by the voice, a musical tone, etc.:had trouble pronouncing the ö and ä sounds in Swedish.
  4. Music, Music and Dance[countable] a musical style characteristic of a certain group of performers:the Motown sound.
  5. [countable; usually singular;
    usually: the + ~ + of + object]
    the quality of an event, letter, etc., as it affects a person:I don't like the sound of that report.
  6. [countable] the distance within which something can be heard:dozens of people within the sound of his voice.
  7. [uncountable] meaningless noise:all sound and fury.

  • to (cause to) give off sound: [+ object]Sound the alarm.[no object]The alarm sounded.
  • [not: be + ~-ing; ~ + adjective/like/as if/as though] to give a certain impression when heard or read:His voice sounded strange. The engine backfire sounded like a gunshot. That procedure sounds as if it will work.
  • [+ object] to give forth (a sound):The oboe sounded an A.
  • [+ object] to order by a sound:The bugle sounded retreat.
  • sound off, [Informal.][no object]
    • to call out one's name, as at a roll call.
    • to call out the rhythm as one marches in formation.
    • to speak frankly, indiscreetly, or too angrily:Quit sounding off about everything.
  • sound out, to pronounce (a sound of a language), esp. carefully: [+ out + object]to sound out the letters one after the other.[+ object + out]If you don't know the word, sound it out.
  • sound•less, adj. See -son-.

    sound2 /saʊnd/USA pronunciation adj., -er, -est,adv. 

  • Medicinefree from injury, damage, or disease;
    in good condition;
    healthy:a sound body.
  • financially strong, secure, or reliable:a sound investment.
  • sensible; valid:sound judgment.
  • of solid character;
    upright or honorable:sound values.
  • uninterrupted and untroubled; deep:woke up from a sound sleep.
  • vigorous, thorough, or severe:a sound thrashing.

  • adv. 
  • deeply; thoroughly:She was sound asleep.
  • sound•ly, adv.: The team was soundly defeated.
    sound•ness, n. [uncountable]

    sound3 /saʊnd/USA pronunciation v. 
    1. Nautical, Naval Terms[+ object] to measure the depth of (water, a deep hole, etc.) by letting down a lead weight at the end of a line.
    2. to ask for an opinion from (someone), by indirect ways: [+ object + out]Let's sound him out about the reorganization plan.[+ out + object]Always sound out your spouse before buying something expensive.
    3. [no object] to plunge downward or dive, such as a whale.
    sound•ing, n. [countable]to take a sounding.

    sound4 /saʊnd/USA pronunciation n. 
    1. a narrow passage of water between larger bodies of water or between the mainland and an island: [countable]long sounds along the coast.[used as part of a proper noun]Long Island Sound.
    2. an inlet or arm of the sea: [countable]a coastline of small, enclosed sounds.[used as part of a proper noun]Puget Sound.

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    sound /saʊnd/ n
    1. a periodic disturbance in the pressure or density of a fluid or in the elastic strain of a solid, produced by a vibrating object. It has a velocity in air at sea level at 0°C of 331 metres per second (741 miles per hour) and travels as longitudinal waves
    2. (as modifier): a sound wave
    3. the sensation produced by such a periodic disturbance in the organs of hearing
    4. anything that can be heard
    5. a particular instance, quality, or type of sound: the sound of running water
    6. volume or quality of sound: a radio with poor sound
    7. the area or distance over which something can be heard: to be born within the sound of Big Ben
    8. the impression or implication of something: I don't like the sound of that
    9. (often plural) slang music, esp rock, jazz, or pop
    1. to cause (something, such as an instrument) to make a sound or (of an instrument, etc) to emit a sound
    2. to announce or be announced by a sound: to sound the alarm
    3. (intransitive) (of a sound) to be heard
    4. (intransitive) to resonate with a certain quality or intensity: to sound loud
    5. (copula) to give the impression of being as specified when read, heard, etc: to sound reasonable
    6. (transitive) to pronounce distinctly or audibly: to sound one's consonants
    Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French soner to make a sound, from Latin sonāre, from sonus a sound

    ˈsoundable adj
    sound /saʊnd/ adj
    1. free from damage, injury, decay, etc
    2. firm; solid; substantial: a sound basis
    3. financially safe or stable: a sound investment
    4. showing good judgment or reasoning; sensible; wise: sound advice
    5. valid, logical, or justifiable: a sound argument
    6. holding approved beliefs; ethically correct; upright; honest
    7. (of sleep) deep; peaceful; unbroken
    8. thorough; complete: a sound examination
    1. soundly; deeply: now archaic except when applied to sleep
    Etymology: Old English sund; related to Old Saxon gisund, Old High German gisunt

    ˈsoundly adv ˈsoundness n
    sound /saʊnd/ vb
    1. to measure the depth of (a well, the sea, etc) by lowering a plumb line, by sonar, etc
    2. to seek to discover (someone's views, etc), as by questioning
    3. (intransitive) (of a whale, etc) to dive downwards swiftly and deeply
    4. to probe or explore (a bodily cavity or passage) by means of a sound
    5. to examine (a patient) by means of percussion and auscultation
    1. an instrument for insertion into a bodily cavity or passage to dilate strictures, dislodge foreign material, etc

    See also sound outEtymology: 14th Century: from Old French sonder, from sonde sounding line, probably of Germanic origin; related to Old English sundgyrd sounding pole, Old Norse sund strait, sound4; see swim
    sound /saʊnd/ n
    1. a relatively narrow channel between two larger areas of sea or between an island and the mainland
    2. an inlet or deep bay of the sea
    3. the air bladder of a fish
    Etymology: Old English sund swimming, narrow sea; related to Middle Low German sunt strait; see sound³

    Sound /saʊnd/ n
    1. the Sounda strait between SW Sweden and Zealand (Denmark), linking the Kattegat with the Baltic: busy shipping lane; spanned by a bridge in 2000. Length of the strait: 113 km (70 miles). Narrowest point: 5 km (3 miles)
      Danish name: Øresund
      Swedish name: Öresund

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