to (cause to) give off sound: [~ + object]Sound the alarm.[no object]The alarm sounded.
to give a certain impression when heard or read[not: be + ~-ing; ~ + adjective/like/as if/as though]His voice sounded strange. The engine backfire sounded like a gunshot. That procedure sounds as if it will work.
to give forth (a sound)[~ + object]The oboe sounded an A.
to order by a sound[~ + object]The bugle sounded retreat.
sound off,[Informal.][no object]
to call out one's name, as at a roll call.
to call out the rhythm as one marches in formation.
to speak frankly, indiscreetly, or too angrily:Quit sounding off about everything.
sound out, to pronounce (a sound of a language), esp. carefully: [~ + out + object]to sound out the letters one after the other.[~ + object + out]If you don't know the word, sound it out.
Medicinefree from injury, damage, or disease; in good condition; healthy:a sound body.
financially strong, secure, or reliable:a sound investment.
sensible; valid:sound judgment.
of solid character; upright or honorable:sound values.
uninterrupted and untroubled; deep:woke up from a sound sleep.
vigorous, thorough, or severe:a sound thrashing.
deeply; thoroughly:She was sound asleep.
sound•ly,adv.:The team was soundly defeated. sound•ness,n.[uncountable]
Nautical, Naval Terms[~ + object] to measure the depth of (water, a deep hole, etc.) by letting down a lead weight at the end of a line.
to ask for an opinion from (someone), by indirect ways: [~ + object + out]Let's sound him out about the reorganization plan.[~ + out + object]Always sound out your spouse before buying something expensive.
[no object] to plunge downward or dive, such as a whale.
sound•ing,n.[countable]to take a sounding.
a narrow passage of water between larger bodies of water or between the mainland and an island: [countable]long sounds along the coast.[used as part of a proper noun]Long Island Sound.
an inlet or arm of the sea: [countable]a coastline of small, enclosed sounds.[used as part of a proper noun]Puget Sound.
the sensation produced by stimulation of the organs of hearing by vibrations transmitted through the air or other medium.
Physicsmechanical vibrations transmitted through an elastic medium, traveling in air at a speed of approximately 1087 ft. (331 m) per second at sea level.
the particular auditory effect produced by a given cause:the sound of music.
any auditory effect; any audible vibrational disturbance:all kinds of sounds.
a noise, vocal utterance, musical tone, or the like:the sounds from the next room.
Music, Music and Dancea distinctive, characteristic, or recognizable musical style, as from a particular performer, orchestra, or type of arrangement:the big-band sound.
See speech sound.
the audible result of an utterance or portion of an utterance:the s-sound in "slight''; the sound ofm in "mere.''
Physicsthe auditory effect of sound waves as transmitted or recorded by a particular system of sound reproduction:the sound of a stereophonic recording.
the quality of an event, letter, etc., as it affects a person:This report has a bad sound.
the distance within which the noise of something may be heard.
mere noise, without meaning:all sound and fury.
[Archaic.]a report or rumor; news; tidings.
to make or emit a sound.
to give forth a sound as a call or summons:The bugle sounded as the troops advanced.
to be heard, as a sound.
to convey a certain impression when heard or read:to sound strange.
to give a specific sound:to sound loud.
to give the appearance of being; seem:The report sounds true.
Law[Law.]to have as its basis or foundation (usually fol. by in):His action sounds in contract.
to cause to make or emit a sound:to sound a bell.
to give forth (a sound):The oboe sounded an A.
to announce, order, or direct by or as by a sound:The bugle sounded retreat. His speech sounded a warning to aggressor nations.
to utter audibly, pronounce, or express:to sound each letter.
to examine by percussion or auscultation:to sound a patient's chest.
to call out one's name, as at military roll call.
to speak freely or frankly, esp. to complain in such a manner.
to exaggerate; boast:Has he been sounding off about his golf game again?
Latin sonāre, derivative of sonus
Old French suner
Latin sonus; (verb, verbal) Middle English sounen
Anglo-French (Old French son)
(noun, nominal) Middle English soun 1250–1300
sound′a•ble,adj. 1.Sound,noise,tone refer to something heard. Sound and noise are often used interchangeably for anything perceived by means of hearing. Sound, however, is more general in application, being used for anything within earshot:the sound of running water.Noise, caused by irregular vibrations, is more properly applied to a loud, discordant, or unpleasant sound:the noise of shouting.Tone is applied to a musical sound having a certain quality, resonance, and pitch. sound2(sound), adj.,-er, -est,adv. adj.
Medicinefree from injury, damage, defect, disease, etc.; in good condition; healthy; robust:a sound heart; a sound mind.
financially strong, secure, or reliable:a sound business; sound investments.
competent, sensible, or valid:sound judgment.
having no defect as to truth, justice, wisdom, or reason:sound advice.
of substantial or enduring character:sound moral values.
following in a systematic pattern without any apparent defect in logic:sound reasoning.
uninterrupted and untroubled; deep:sound sleep.
vigorous, thorough, or severe:a sound thrashing.
free from moral defect or weakness; upright, honest, or good; honorable; loyal.
Lawhaving no legal defect:a sound title to property.
Religiontheologically correct or orthodox, as doctrines or a theologian.
deeply; thoroughly:sound asleep.
Etymology:1150–1200; Middle English sund, Old English gesund (see y-); cognate with Dutch gezond, German gesund
a periodic disturbance in the pressure or density of a fluid or in the elastic strain of a solid, produced by a vibrating object. It has a velocity in air at sea level at 0°C of 331 metres per second (741 miles per hour) and travels as longitudinal waves
(as modifier): a sound wave
the sensation produced by such a periodic disturbance in the organs of hearing
anything that can be heard
a particular instance, quality, or type of sound: the sound of running water
volume or quality of sound: a radio with poor sound
the area or distance over which something can be heard: to be born within the sound of Big Ben
the impression or implication of something: I don't like the sound of that
(often plural) slangmusic, esp rock, jazz, or pop
to cause (something, such as an instrument) to make a sound or (of an instrument, etc) to emit a sound
to announce or be announced by a sound: to sound the alarm
(intransitive) (of a sound) to be heard
(intransitive) to resonate with a certain quality or intensity: to sound loud
(copula) to give the impression of being as specified when read, heard, etc: to sound reasonable
(transitive) to pronounce distinctly or audibly: to sound one's consonants
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French soner to make a sound, from Latin sonāre, from sonus a sound
free from damage, injury, decay, etc
firm; solid; substantial: a sound basis
financially safe or stable: a sound investment
showing good judgment or reasoning; sensible; wise: sound advice
soundly; deeply: now archaic except when applied to sleep
Etymology: Old English sund; related to Old Saxon gisund, Old High German gisunt
to measure the depth of (a well, the sea, etc) by lowering a plumb line, by sonar, etc
to seek to discover (someone's views, etc), as by questioning
(intransitive) (of a whale, etc) to dive downwards swiftly and deeply
to probe or explore (a bodily cavity or passage) by means of a sound
to examine (a patient) by means of percussion and auscultation
an instrument for insertion into a bodily cavity or passage to dilate strictures, dislodge foreign material, etc
See alsosound outEtymology: 14th Century: from Old French sonder, from sonde sounding line, probably of Germanic origin; related to Old English sundgyrd sounding pole, Old Norse sund strait, sound4; see swim
a relatively narrow channel between two larger areas of sea or between an island and the mainland
an inlet or deep bay of the sea
the air bladder of a fish
Etymology: Old English sund swimming, narrow sea; related to Middle Low German sunt strait; see sound³
the Sound ⇒ a strait between SW Sweden and Zealand (Denmark), linking the Kattegat with the Baltic: busy shipping lane; spanned by a bridge in 2000. Length of the strait: 113 km (70 miles). Narrowest point: 5 km (3 miles) Danish name:Øresund Swedish name:Öresund
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