spare

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 /spɛəʳ/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
spare /spɛr/USA pronunciation   v., spared, spar•ing, adj., spar•er, spar•est, n. 

v. 
  • [+ object] to refrain from harming, punishing, or killing:The queen decided to spare the condemned man.
  • [+ object] to deal gently or kindly with:The critic's harsh review did not spare anyone.
  • [+ object + object] to save, as from discomfort:They kept the truth from you to spare you needless embarrassment.
  • [~ ( + object) + object] to omit or withhold:Spare (me) the gory details.
  • [+ object] to keep oneself from using; choose not to use:to spare the rod and spoil the child (= To fail to beat a child sometimes is to spoil the child).
  • [+ object] to give or lend, as from a supply, esp. without inconvenience:Can you spare a dollar?
  • [+ object] to use or give a small amount of:Don't spare the whipped cream!

  • adj. 
  • kept in reserve, as for possible use:a spare part.
  • being more than needed:a spare bedroom where you'd be welcome to stay.
  • not taken up with work or other commitments; free:spare time.
  • restricted:a spare diet.
  • lean or thin, such as a person:a short, spare man weighing about 100 lbs.

  • n. [countable]
  • Automotivea spare thing or part, as an extra tire for emergency use.
  • idiom
    1. Idiomsto spare, remaining; left over:We finished early, with time to spare.

    spare•ly, adv. 
    spare•ness, n. [uncountable]

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    spare (spâr), 
    v., spared, spar•ing, adj., spar•er, spar•est, n. 

    v.t. 
  • to refrain from harming or destroying;
    leave uninjured;
    forbear to punish, hurt, or destroy:to spare one's enemy.
  • to deal gently or leniently with; show consideration for:His harsh criticism spared no one.
  • to save from strain, discomfort, embarrassment, or the like, or from a particular cause of it:to spare him the bother; to spare her needless embarrassment.
  • to refrain from, forbear, omit, or withhold, as action or speech:Spare us the gory details.
  • to refrain from employing, as some instrument or recourse:to spare the rod.
  • to set aside for a particular purpose:to spare land for a garden.
  • to give or lend, as from a supply, esp. without inconvenience or loss:Can you spare a cup of sugar? Can you spare me a dollar till payday?
  • to dispense with or do without:We can't spare a single worker during the rush hour.
  • to use economically or frugally; refrain from using up or wasting:A walnut sundae, and don't spare the whipped cream!
  • to have remaining as excess or surplus:We can make the curtains and have a yard to spare.

  • v.i. 
  • to use economy; be frugal.
  • to refrain from inflicting injury or punishment;
    exercise lenience or mercy.
  • [Obs.]to refrain from action;
    forbear.

  • adj. 
  • kept in reserve, as for possible use:a spare part.
  • being in excess of present need;
    free for other use:spare time.
  • frugally restricted or meager, as a manner of living or a diet:a spare regime.
  • lean or thin, as a person.
  • scanty or scant, as in amount or fullness.
  • sparing, economical, or temperate, as persons.

  • n. 
  • Automotivea spare thing, part, etc., as an extra tire for emergency use.
  • Ceramics[Ceram.]an area at the top of a plaster mold for holding excess slip.
  • [Bowling.]
    • the knocking down of all the pins with two bowls.
    • a score so made. Cf.strike (def. 78).
    Etymology:bef. 900;
    (verb, verbal) Middle English sparen, Old English sparian;
    cognate with Dutch, German sparen, Old Norse spara;
    (noun, nominal and adjective, adjectival) Middle English;
    compare Old English spær sparing, frugal (cognate with Old High German spar, Old Norse sparr
    sparea•ble, adj. 
    sparely, adv. 
    spareness, n. 
    sparer, n. 
    6 . reserve.14, 15 . extra.17 . See thin. 

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    spare /spɛə/ vb
    1. (transitive) to refrain from killing, punishing, harming, or injuring
    2. (transitive) to release or relieve, as from pain, suffering, etc
    3. (transitive) to refrain from using: spare the rod, spoil the child
    4. (transitive) to be able to afford or give: I can't spare the time
    5. (usually passive) (esp of Providence) to allow to survive: I'll see you again next year if we are spared
    6. (intransitive) rare to act or live frugally
    7. not spare oneselfto exert oneself to the full
    8. to sparemore than is required: two minutes to spare
    adj
    1. (often immediately postpositive) in excess of what is needed; additional
    2. able to be used when needed: a spare part
    3. (of a person) thin and lean
    4. scanty or meagre
    5. (postpositive) Brit slang upset, angry, or distracted (esp in the phrase go spare)
    n
    1. a duplicate kept as a replacement in case of damage or loss
    2. a spare tyre
    3. the act of knocking down all the pins with the two bowls of a single frame
    4. the score thus made
    Etymology: Old English sparian to refrain from injuring; related to Old Norse spara, Old High German sparōn

    ˈsparely adv ˈspareness n ˈsparer n



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