specificity

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
spe•cif•ic /spɪˈsɪfɪk/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. having a special purpose or reference; explicit or definite:a specific use for a tool.
  2. specified, precise, or particular; exact:What is the specific time the train will arrive?
  3. [be + ~ + to + object] proper to only certain persons or things:This symptom is specific to those who have high blood pressure.

n. [countable]
  • something specific, as a statement or detail:Those are the general principles; now let's look at the specifics and how they apply to each of us.
  • spe•cif•i•cal•ly, adv. 
    spec•i•fic•i•ty /ˌspɛsəˈfɪsɪti/USA pronunciation  n. [uncountable]See -spec-.

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    spe•cif•ic  (spi sifik), 
    adj. 
    1. having a special application, bearing, or reference;
      specifying, explicit, or definite:to state one's specific purpose.
    2. specified, precise, or particular:a specific sum of money.
    3. peculiar or proper to somebody or something, as qualities, characteristics, effects, etc.:His specific problems got him into trouble.
    4. of a special or particular kind.
    5. concerned specifically with the item or subject named (used in combination):The Secretary addressed himself to crop-specific problems.
    6. Biology[Biol.]of or pertaining to a species:specific characters.
    7. [Med.]
      • (of a disease) produced by a special cause or infection.
      • (of a remedy) having special effect in the prevention or cure of a certain disease.
    8. Immunology[Immunol.](of an antibody or antigen) having a particular effect on only one antibody or antigen or affecting it in only one way.
    9. Business[Com.]noting customs or duties levied in fixed amounts per unit, as number, weight, or volume.
    10. [Physics.]
      • designating a physical constant that, for a particular substance, is expressed as the ratio of the quantity in the substance to the quantity in an equal volume of a standard substance, as water or air.
      • designating a physical constant that expresses a property or effect as a quantity per unit length, area, volume, or mass.

    n. 
  • something specific, as a statement, quality, detail, etc.
  • Medicine[Med.]a specific remedy:There is no specific for the common cold.
  • Etymology:
    • Medieval Latin specificus, equivalent. to Latin speci(ēs) species + -ficus -fic
    • 1625–35
    spe•cifi•cal•ly, adv. 
    2 . vague.

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    specific /spɪˈsɪfɪk/ adj
    1. explicit, particular, or definite
    2. relating to a specified or particular thing: a specific treatment for arthritis
    3. of or relating to a biological species
    4. (of a disease) caused by a particular pathogenic agent
    5. characteristic of a property of a particular substance, esp in relation to the same property of a standard reference substance: specific gravity
    6. characteristic of a property of a particular substance per unit mass, length, area, volume, etc: specific heat
    7. (of an extensive physical quantity) divided by mass: specific heat capacity, specific volume
    8. denoting a tariff levied at a fixed sum per unit of weight, quantity, volume, etc, irrespective of value
    n
    1. (sometimes plural) a designated quality, thing, etc
    2. any drug used to treat a particular disease
    Etymology: 17th Century: from Medieval Latin specificus, from Latin species

    speˈcifically adv specificity /ˌspɛsɪˈfɪsɪtɪ/ n



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