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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
spend /spɛnd/USA pronunciation
v., spent/spɛnt/USA pronunciation spend•ing. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
spend•a•ble, adj.: some percentage of spendable income for food.
spend•er, n. [countable]He was a big spender: he bought her jewelry and expensive clothes.See -pend-.
- to pay out (money, resources, etc.): [~ + object]We had spent too much money on our vacation.[no object]All we do is spend, spend, spend; we need to save, too.
- to pass (time, labor, etc.) on some work, in some place, etc.[~ + object]The kids didn't want to spend their whole vacation indoors.
- to use up; exhaust[~ + object]The storm had spent its fury.
v., spent, spend•ing.
- to pay out, disburse, or expend;
dispose of (money, wealth, resources, etc.):resisting the temptation to spend one's money.
- to employ (labor, thought, words, time, etc.), as on some object or in some proceeding:Don't spend much time on it.
- to pass (time) in a particular manner, place, etc.:We spent a few days in Baltimore.
- to use up, consume, or exhaust:The storm had spent its fury.
- to give (one's blood, life, etc.) for some cause.
- to spend money, energy, time, etc.
- [Obs.]to be consumed or exhausted.
1 . Spend, disburse, expend, squander refer to paying out money. Spend is the general word:We spend more for living expenses now.Disburse implies expending from a specific source or sum to meet specific obligations, or paying in definite allotments:The treasurer has authority to disburse funds.Expend is more formal, and implies spending for some definite and (usually) sensible or worthy object:to expend most of one's salary on necessities.Squander suggests lavish, wasteful, or foolish expenditure:to squander a legacy. 2 . use, apply, devote.
1 . earn, keep.
- Latin expendere to pay out, expend; compare German spenden
- Middle English spenden, continuing Old English -spendan (in āspendan, forspendan to spend entirely or utterly) 1125–75
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
spend /spɛnd/ vb (spends, spending, spent)
Etymology: Old English spendan, from Latin expendere; influenced also by Old French despendre to spend, from Latin dispendere; see expend, dispenseˈspendable adj
- to pay out (money, wealth, etc)
- (transitive) to concentrate (time, effort, thought, etc) upon an object, activity, etc
- (transitive) to pass (time) in a specific way, activity, place, etc
- (transitive) to use up completely: the hurricane spent its force
- (transitive) to give up (one's blood, life, etc) in a cause
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