WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
spir•it /ˈspɪrɪt/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. Religion the principle believed to give life, esp. to humans;
    vital essence:[countable;  usually singular]He gave up the spirit (= He died).
  2. Religion [countable;  usually singular] the part of humans that is not the body or the mind;
    the soul:They believe that the spirit cannot die.
  3. a supernatural being without a body:[countable]evil spirits.
  4. an attitude, feeling, or principle that stirs one to action, etc.:[countable]The spirit of reform began to grow among the people.
  5. the source of feelings prompting one to action:[uncountable]a man of broken spirit.
  6. spirits, [plural] mood with regard to great happiness or great sadness:The children's high spirits made us all laugh.
  7. a lively, courageous, or hopeful attitude:[countable;  usually singular]Get up and try again; yes, that's the spirit!
  8. temper, attitude, or disposition:[uncountable]meek in spirit.
  9. an individual thought of as having a particular attitude, character, etc.:[countable]a few brave spirits.
  10. the meaning or intent of a law, as opposed to the actual words:[countable;  usually singular]The judges ruled that he had violated the spirit of the law, if not the letter of the law.
  11. WineOften,  spirits. [plural] a strong distilled alcoholic liquor.
  12. British Terms[uncountable]alcohol.

v. [+ object (+ off/away)]
  1. to carry off mysteriously or secretly:They disguised the king and spirited him out a back door; spirited away by kidnappers.
spir•it•less, adj. See -spir-.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
spir•it  (spirit),USA pronunciation n. 
  1. Religionthe principle of conscious life;
    the vital principle in humans, animating the body or mediating between body and soul.
  2. Religionthe incorporeal part of humans:present in spirit though absent in body.
  3. Religionthe soul regarded as separating from the body at death.
  4. conscious, incorporeal being, as opposed to matter:the world of spirit.
  5. Mythologya supernatural, incorporeal being, esp. one inhabiting a place, object, etc., or having a particular character:evil spirits.
  6. Mythologya fairy, sprite, or elf.
  7. Mythologyan angel or demon.
  8. an attitude or principle that inspires, animates, or pervades thought, feeling, or action:the spirit of reform.
  9. Religion(cap.) the divine influence as an agency working in the human heart.
  10. Religiona divine, inspiring, or animating being or influence. Num. 11:25;
    Is. 32:15.
  11. Religion(cap.) the third person of the Trinity;
    Holy Spirit.
  12. the soul or heart as the seat of feelings or sentiments, or as prompting to action:a man of broken spirit.
  13. spirits, feelings or mood with regard to exaltation or depression:low spirits; good spirits.
  14. excellent disposition or attitude in terms of vigor, courage, firmness of intent, etc.;
    mettle:That's the spirit!
  15. temper or disposition:meek in spirit.
  16. an individual as characterized by a given attitude, disposition, character, action, etc.:A few brave spirits remained to face the danger.
  17. the dominant tendency or character of anything:the spirit of the age.
  18. vigorous sense of membership in a group:college spirit.
  19. the general meaning or intent of a statement, document, etc. (opposed to letter):the spirit of the law.
  20. Chemistrythe essence or active principle of a substance as extracted in liquid form, esp. by distillation.
  21. WineOften,  spirits. a strong distilled alcoholic liquor.
  22. British Terms[Chiefly Brit.]alcohol.
  23. Drugs[Pharm.]a solution in alcohol of an essential or volatile principle;
  24. any of certain subtle fluids formerly supposed to permeate the body.
  25. out of spirits, in low spirits;
    depressed:We were feeling out of spirits after so many days of rain.
  26. Religionthe Spirit, God.

  1. pertaining to something that works by burning alcoholic spirits:a spirit stove.
  2. of or pertaining to spiritualist bodies or activities.

  1. to animate with fresh ardor or courage;
  2. to encourage;
    urge on or stir up, as to action.
  3. to carry off mysteriously or secretly (often fol. by away or off):His captors spirited him away.
spirit•like′, adj. 
  • Latin spīritus origin, originally, a breathing, equivalent. to spīri-, combining form representing spīrāre to breathe + -tus suffix of verb, verbal action
  • Middle English (noun, nominal) 1200–50
    • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged life, mind, consciousness, essence.
    • 5.See corresponding entry in Unabridged apparition, phantom, shade. See  ghost. 
    • 6.See corresponding entry in Unabridged goblin, hobgoblin.
    • 7.See corresponding entry in Unabridged genius.
    • 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged enthusiasm, energy, zeal, ardor, fire, enterprise.
    • 15.See corresponding entry in Unabridged attitude, mood, humor.
    • 17.See corresponding entry in Unabridged nature, drift, tenor, gist, essence, sense, complexion.
    • 19.See corresponding entry in Unabridged intention, significance, purport.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

spirit /ˈspɪrɪt/ n
  1. the force or principle of life that animates the body of living things
  2. temperament or disposition: truculent in spirit
  3. liveliness; mettle: they set to it with spirit
  4. the fundamental, emotional, and activating principle of a person; will: the experience broke his spirit
  5. a sense of loyalty or dedication: team spirit
  6. the prevailing element; feeling: a spirit of joy pervaded the atmosphere
  7. state of mind or mood; attitude: he did it in the wrong spirit
  8. (plural) an emotional state, esp with regard to exaltation or dejection: in high spirits
  9. a person characterized by some activity, quality, or disposition: a leading spirit of the movement
  10. the deeper more significant meaning as opposed to a pedantic interpretation: the spirit of the law
  11. that which constitutes a person's intangible being as contrasted with his physical presence: I shall be with you in spirit
  12. an incorporeal being, esp the soul of a dead person
  13. (as modifier): spirit world
vb (transitive)
  1. usually followed by away or off: to carry off mysteriously or secretly
  2. (often followed by up) to impart animation or determination to
Etymology: 13th Century: from Old French esperit, from Latin spīritus breath, spirit; related to spīrāre to breathe
spirit /ˈspɪrɪt/ n
  1. (often plural) any distilled alcoholic liquor such as brandy, rum, whisky, or gin
  2. an aqueous solution of ethanol, esp one obtained by distillation
  3. the active principle or essence of a substance, extracted as a liquid, esp by distillation
  4. a solution of a volatile substance, esp a volatile oil, in alcohol
  5. any of the four substances sulphur, mercury, sal ammoniac, or arsenic
Etymology: 14th Century: special use of spirit1, name applied to alchemical substances (as in sense 4), hence extended to distilled liquids

Spirit /ˈspɪrɪt/ n the Spirit
  1. another name for the Holy Spirit
  2. God, esp when regarded as transcending material limitations

'spirit' also found in these entries:
Collocations: a [brave, fighting, courageous] spirit, a spirit level, (in) [good, poor, positive, negative, high] spirits, more...

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