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For the verb: "to spoil"
|Simple Past: ||spoiled, spoilt|
|Past Participle: ||spoiled, spoilt|
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
spoil /spɔɪl/USA pronunciation
v., spoiled orspoilt/spɔɪlt/USA pronunciation spoil•ing, n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
n. spoils [plural]
- to (cause to) become bad or unfit for use, such as food that does not last long unless treated with cold: [no object]Too much moisture and heat will cause the food to spoil.[~ + object]to spoil the food.
- to damage or harm severely; ruin[~ + object]The rip spoiled the delicate fabric.
- to affect in a bad or unfortunate way[~ + object]Bad weather spoiled our vacation.
- to treat (someone) too well, as by giving too much, and thus affect his or her character in a bad way[~ + object]Don't spoil the baby by jumping up to feed her whenever she whimpers.
- money, property, or goods taken in war or by robbery.
spoil•age /ˈspɔɪlɪdʒ/USA pronunciation n. [uncountable]
spoil•er, n. [countable]
- Idiomsbe spoiling for, [~ + object][Informal.]to be very eager for:They're spoiling for a fight.
(spoil), v., spoiled orspoilt, spoil•ing, n.
- to damage severely or harm (something), esp. with reference to its excellence, value, usefulness, etc.:The water stain spoiled the painting. Drought spoiled the corn crop.
- to diminish or impair the quality of; affect detrimentally:Bad weather spoiled their vacation.
- to impair, damage, or harm the character or nature of (someone) by unwise treatment, excessive indulgence, etc.:to spoil a child by pampering him.
- [Archaic.]to strip (persons, places, etc.) of goods, valuables, etc.; plunder;
- [Archaic.]to take or seize by force.
- to become bad, or unfit for use, as food or other perishable substances;
become tainted or putrid:Milk spoils if not refrigerated.
- to plunder, pillage, or rob.
- be spoiling for, [Informal.]to be very eager for;
be desirous of:It was obvious that he was spoiling for a fight.
- Often,spoils. booty, loot, or plunder taken in war or robbery.
- the act of plundering.
- an object of plundering.
- the emoluments and advantages of public office viewed as won by a victorious political party:the spoils of office.
Miningwaste material, as that which is cast up in mining, excavating, quarrying, etc.
an imperfectly made object, damaged during the manufacturing process.
- prizes won or treasures accumulated:a child's spoils brought home from a party.
1 . disfigure, destroy, demolish, mar. Spoil, ruin, wreck agree in meaning to reduce the value, quality, usefulness, etc., of anything. Spoil is the general term:to spoil a delicate fabric.Ruin implies doing completely destructive or irreparable injury:to ruin one's health.Wreck implies a violent breaking up or demolition:to wreck oneself with drink; to wreck a building.
- Old French espoille, derivative of espoillier
- Latin spoliāre to despoil, equivalent. to spoli(um) booty + -āre infinitive suffix; (noun, nominal) derivative of the verb, verbal or
- Old French espoillier
- (verb, verbal) Middle English spoilen 1300–50
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
spoil /spɔɪl/ vb (spoils, spoiling, spoilt, spoiled)
- (transitive) to cause damage to (something), in regard to its value, beauty, usefulness, etc
- (transitive) to weaken the character of (a child) by complying unrestrainedly with its desires
- (intransitive) (of perishable substances) to become unfit for consumption or use
- (intransitive) to disrupt the play or style of an opponent, as to prevent him from settling into a rhythm
- archaic to strip (a person or place) of (property or goods) by force or violence
- be spoiling for ⇒ to have an aggressive desire for (a fight, etc)
See also spoilsEtymology: 13th Century: from Old French espoillier, from Latin spoliāre to strip, from spolium booty
- waste material thrown up by an excavation
- any treasure accumulated by a person
- obsolete the act of plundering
'spoil' also found in these entries: