standard

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 /ˈstændəd/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
stand•ard /ˈstændɚd/USA pronunciation   n. [countable]
  1. something considered to be a basis of comparison:an official standard for weight.
  2. a principle for judging how good something is:a teacher whose standards are quite high.
  3. an average or normal quality, quantity, or level:The work isn't up to his usual standard.
  4. standards, [plural] the morals, ethics, etc., regarded as acceptable:The standards of the community are taken into account.
  5. Music and Dancea popular song having long-lasting popularity:He likes the old standards —Gershwin, Cole Porter, Irving Berlin.
  6. a flag indicating the presence of a king, queen, or public official, or used as an emblem by a group in the armed forces:King Arthur raised the standard of the Pendragon.

adj. 
  • serving as a basis of weight, measure, value, comparison, or judgment.
  • [before a noun] of recognized excellence or established authority:a standard reference book.
  • usual or customary; normal:The car has these standard features: air conditioning, an airbag, and fold-down rear seats.
  • manual;
    not electric or automatic:standard transmission.
  • Linguistics[usually before a noun] (of a language or dialect) agreeing with the pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, etc., found among most educated native speakers and widely considered acceptable or correct. Compare nonstandard (def. 2).

  • WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    stand•ard  (standərd), 
    n. 
    1. something considered by an authority or by general consent as a basis of comparison;
      an approved model.
    2. an object that is regarded as the usual or most common size or form of its kind:We stock the deluxe models as well as the standards.
    3. a rule or principle that is used as a basis for judgment:They tried to establish standards for a new philosophical approach.
    4. an average or normal requirement, quality, quantity, level, grade, etc.:His work this week hasn't been up to his usual standard.
    5. standards, those morals, ethics, habits, etc., established by authority, custom, or an individual as acceptable:He tried to live up to his father's standards.
    6. a grade of beef immediately below good.
    7. the authorized exemplar of a unit of weight or measure.
    8. Businessa certain commodity in or by which a basic monetary unit is stated. Cf.gold standard, silver standard, bimetallism, monometallism. 
    9. Businessthe legally established content of full-weight coins.
    10. Businessthe prescribed degree of fineness for gold or silver.
    11. British Terms, Education[Brit.]a class or grade in elementary schools.
    12. Music and Dancea musical piece of sufficiently enduring popularity to be made part of a permanent repertoire, esp. a popular song.
    13. a flag indicating the presence of a sovereign or public official.
    14. a flag, emblematic figure, or other object raised on a pole to indicate the rallying point of an army, fleet, etc.
    15. [Mil.]
      • any of various military or naval flags.
      • the colors of a mounted unit.
      • (cap.) a U.S. Navy radar-guided surface-to-air missile with a range of 10–30 miles (16–48 km).
    16. Heraldry[Heraldry.]a long, tapering flag or ensign, as of a monarch or a nation.
    17. something that stands or is placed upright.
    18. a long candlestick or candelabrum used in a church.
    19. an upright support or supporting part.
    20. Heraldry[Armor.]a standing collar of mail.
    21. Botany[Hort.]a plant trained or grafted to have a single, erect, treelike stem.
    22. Botany[Bot.]a distinct petal, larger than the rest, of certain flowers; a vexillum.

    adj. 
  • serving as a basis of weight, measure, value, comparison, or judgment.
  • of recognized excellence or established authority:a standard reference on medieval history.
  • usual, common, or customary:Chairs are standard furniture in American households.
  • manual; not electric or automatic:standard transmission.
  • Linguisticsconforming in pronunciation, grammar, vocabulary, etc., to the usage of most educated native speakers, esp. those having prestige, and widely considered acceptable or correct:Standard American English; standard pronunciation.Cf.nonstandard (def. 2).
  • authorized or approved:The program was broadcast on the standard broadcast band.
  • Etymology:
    • Frankish *standord (compare German Standort standing-point), conformed to -ard -ard
    • Old French, probably
    • Middle English 1125–75
    1, 3 . gauge, basis, pattern, guide. Standard, criterion refer to the basis for making a judgment. A standard is an authoritative principle or rule that usually implies a model or pattern for guidance, by comparison with which the quantity, excellence, correctness, etc., of other things may be determined:She could serve as the standard of good breeding.A criterion is a rule or principle used to judge the value, suitability, probability, etc., of something, without necessarily implying any comparison:Wealth is no criterion of a person's worth.

    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    standard /ˈstændəd/ n
    1. an accepted or approved example of something against which others are judged or measured
    2. (often plural) a principle of propriety, honesty, and integrity
    3. a level of excellence or quality
    4. any distinctive flag, device, etc, as of a nation, sovereign, or special cause
    5. a flag or emblem formerly used to show the central or rallying point of an army in battle
    6. a large tapering flag ending in two points, originally borne by a sovereign or high-ranking noble
    7. the commodity or commodities in which is stated the value of a basic monetary unit: the gold standard
    8. an authorized model of a unit of measure or weight
    9. a unit of board measure equal to 1980 board feet
    10. (in coinage) the prescribed proportion by weight of precious metal and base metal that each coin must contain
    11. an upright pole or beam, esp one used as a support
    12. a piece of furniture consisting of an upright pole or beam on a base or support
    13. (as modifier): a standard lamp
    14. a plant, esp a fruit tree, that is trained so that it has an upright stem free of branches
    15. (as modifier): a standard cherry
    16. a song or piece of music that has remained popular for many years
    adj
    1. of the usual, regularized, medium, or accepted kind: a standard size
    2. of recognized authority, competence, or excellence: the standard work on Greece
    3. denoting or characterized by idiom, vocabulary, etc, that is regarded as correct and acceptable by educated native speakers
    4. Brit (formerly) (of eggs) of a size that is smaller than large and larger than medium
    Etymology: 12th Century: from Old French estandart gathering place, flag to mark such a place, probably of Germanic origin; compare Old High German stantan to stand, Old High German ort place



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