WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
stock /stɑk/USA pronunciation   n. 
  1. Businessa supply of goods kept on hand by a merchant, etc., for sale to customers;
    inventory: [countable]a good stock of computers.[uncountable;  in/out of + ~]The store keeps lots of replacement parts in stock.
  2. a quantity of something kept, as for future use:[countable]a good stock of tuna fish cans in the cupboard.
  3. [uncountable] livestock;
    farm animals.
  4. Businessshares of a company that are divided and sold to its members: [uncountable]He had stock in that company before its value increased.[countable]investing in stocks and bonds.
  5. Botany, Animal Husbandry, Zoologya race or other related group of people, animals, plants, etc., from the same or a similar source: [uncountable]He comes from healthy Norwegian farmer stock.[countable]She classified the Indo-European stock of languages.
  6. [countable] the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
  7. Military[countable]
    • the piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a gun are attached.
  8. stocks, [plural] a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles, used to expose an offender to the public for ridicule.
  9. Food[uncountable] the liquid or broth from boiled meat, fish, or poultry, used in soups and sauces.

adj. [before a noun]
  1. kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale;
  2. having as one's job the care of the goods in a business:a stock clerk.
  3. of the common or ordinary type:He gave his stock answer when asked about his plans for the future.
  4. Animal Husbandryof or relating to the breeding and raising of livestock.
  5. of or relating to the stock of a company:various stock options.

  1. to keep or provide with a stock or supply, as for future use: [+ object]They stocked the cupboard with food.[no object;  ~ + up]You had better stock up now on cooking oil.
  2. to have in a store, as for sale:[+ object]The store is well stocked with replacement parts.
  1. Idiomstake or put stock in, [+ object] to put confidence in or attach importance to:I wouldn't put much stock in his promises.
  2. Idiomstake stock: 
    • Businessto make a formal counting of stock on hand in a business:The stores are closed so they can take stock of their inventory.
    • to examine or evaluate what one possesses, what one needs, etc.:It's time to take stock of your life and decide where you want to go.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
stock (stok),USA pronunciation  n. 
  1. Businessa supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.;
  2. a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use:a stock of provisions.
  3. livestock.
  4. Show Business[Theat.]a stock company:a job in summer stock.
  5. Business[Finance.]
    • the outstanding capital of a company or corporation.
    • the shares of a particular company or corporation.
    • the certificate of ownership of such stock;
      stock certificate.
    • (formerly) a tally or stick used in transactions between a debtor and a creditor.
  6. Agriculture[Hort.]
    • BotanyAlso called  understock. in grafting, a stem in which the bud or scion is inserted.
    • Botanya stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings;
      stock plant.
  7. Agriculture, Botanythe trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.
  8. Agriculture, Botany, Animal Husbandry, Zoologythe type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.
  9. Botany, Animal Husbandry, Zoologya race or other related group of animals or plants.
  10. the person from whom a given line of descent is derived;
    the original progenitor.
  11. Physical Anthropologya line of descent;
    a tribe, race, or ethnic group.
  12. Language Varieties, Linguistics[Ling.]a category consisting of language families that, because of resemblances in grammatical structure and vocabulary, are considered likely to be related by common origin. Cf.  family (def. 14), phylum (def. 2).
  13. Linguisticsany grouping of related languages.
  14. the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
  15. Military[Firearms.]
    • the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle are attached.
    • a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.
  16. Botany, Agriculturethe trunk or stump of a tree, left standing.
  17. a dull or stupid person.
  18. something lifeless or senseless.
  19. the main upright part of anything, esp. a supporting structure.
  20. stocks: 
    • a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles and, sometimes, the wrists, used to expose an offender to public derision. Cf.  pillory (def. 1).
    • a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
    • the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.
  21. Nautical
    • , Nautical, Naval Termsa vertical shaft forming part of a rudder and controlling the rudder's movement.
    • , Nautical, Naval Termsa transverse piece of wood or metal near the ring on some anchors. See diag. under  anchor. 
  22. Buildingthe metal or wooden body of a carpenter's plane.
  23. Metallurgy
    • material being smelted in a blast furnace.
    • a metal piece to be forged.
  24. [Printing.]
    • Printinga specified quality or kind of paper:glossy stock;card stock;offset stock.
    • Printingthe paper for printing a particular job:We don't have enough stock for that large a run.
  25. the raw material from which something is made.
  26. Printing[Papermaking.]stuff (def. 15).
  27. Food[Cookery.]the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, chicken, etc., with or without vegetables or seasonings, and used esp. as a foundation for soups and sauces.
  28. any of several plants belonging to the genus Matthiola, of the mustard family, esp. M. incana, having fragrant white, blue, purple, reddish, or yellowish flowers.
  29. Botanya rhizome or rootstock.
  30. Zoologya compound organism, as a colony of corals.
  31. Clothinga collar or a neckcloth fitting like a band around the neck.
  32. Games[Cards.]the portion of a pack of cards that, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.
  33. Buildingan adjustable wrench for holding dies for cutting screws.
  34. Rail TransportSee  rolling stock. 
  35. Games[Dominoes.]boneyard (def. 3).
  36. Informal TermsSee  stock car (def. 1).
  37. Religion[Rom. Cath. Ch.]one of a set of three metal containers for holy oil.
  38. Mining, Geology[Geol., Mining.]an irregular igneous intrusion, usually an offshoot of a batholith, often mineralized.
  39. [Archaic.]a stocking.
  40. [Obs.]the frame of a plow to which the share, handles, etc., are attached.
  41. in stock, on hand for use or sale:There are no more blue skirts in stock.
  42. lock, stock, and barrel. See  lock 1 (def. 12).
  43. on the stocks: 
    • under construction, as esp. a ship.
    • in progress or preparation:a new novel on the stocks.
  44. Businessout of stock, lacking a supply of, esp. temporarily:We are out of stock in this item.
  45. take or  put stock in, to put confidence in or attach importance to;
    trust:Considering his general unreliability, I can't take stock in what he has told you.
  46. take stock: 
    • Businessto make an inventory of stock on hand.
    • to make an appraisal of resources or prospects:She took stock of her decorating scheme and decided it was time for a change.

  1. kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale;
    standard:stock articles.
  2. having as one's job the care of a concern's goods:a stock clerk.
  3. of the common or ordinary type;
    in common use:a stock argument.
  4. banal;
    commonplace:a stock remark.
  5. Animal Husbandrypertaining to or designating the breeding and raising of livestock:stock farming.
  6. Dialect Terms, Animal Husbandry[Southern U.S.](chiefly Southern Appalachian and South Atlantic States). (of farm animals) being a fully grown male:a stock hog.
  7. of or pertaining to the stock of a company or corporation:a stock report.
  8. Show Business[Theat.]
    • Show Businesspertaining to a stock company.
    • Show Businessappearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
    • Show Businessforming part of a repertoire, as a play.
    • Show Businessbeing a character type fixed by convention, as in the commedia dell'-arte, a harlequinade, minstrel show, or the like.
  9. Informal Termsof, pertaining to, or characteristic of a stock car.

  1. to furnish with a stock or supply.
  2. to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.
  3. to lay up in store, as for future use.
  4. to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plow, bell, anchor, etc.
  5. to put in the stocks as a punishment.

  1. to lay in a stock of something (often fol. by up).
stocklike′, adj. 
  • bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English; Old English stoc(c) stump, stake, post, log; cognate with German Stock, Old Norse stokkr tree-trunk; (verb, verbal) derivative of the noun, nominal
    • 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged store, provision, reserve.
    • 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged lineage, family.
    • 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged haft.
    • 49.See corresponding entry in Unabridged usual.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

stock /stɒk/ n
  1. (sometimes plural) the total goods or raw material kept on the premises of a shop or business
  2. (as modifier): a stock clerk, stock book
  3. a supply of something stored for future use: he keeps a good stock of whisky
  4. the capital raised by a company through the issue and subscription of shares entitling their holders to dividends, partial ownership, and usually voting rights
  5. the proportion of such capital held by an individual shareholder
  6. the shares of a specified company or industry
  7. standing or status
  8. farm animals, such as cattle and sheep, bred and kept for their meat, skins, etc
  9. (as modifier): stock farming
  10. the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant
  11. a rooted plant into which a scion is inserted during grafting
  12. a plant or stem from which cuttings are taken
    See also rootstock
  13. the original type from which a particular race, family, group, etc, is derived
  14. a race, breed, or variety of animals or plants
  15. (often plural) a small pen in which a single animal can be confined
  16. a line of descent
  17. any of the major subdivisions of the human species; race or ethnic group
  18. the part of a rifle, sub-machine-gun, etc, into which the barrel and firing mechanism is set: held by the firer against the shoulder
  19. the handle of something, such as a whip or fishing rod
  20. the main body of a tool, such as the block of a plane
  21. short for diestock, gunstock, rolling stock
  22. (formerly) the part of a plough to which the irons and handles were attached
  23. the main upright part of a supporting structure
  24. a liquid or broth in which meat, fish, bones, or vegetables have been simmered for a long time
  25. film material before exposure and processing
  26. Also called: gillyflower any of several plants of the genus Matthiola, such as M. incana and M. bicornis (evening or night-scented stock), of the Mediterranean region, cultivated for their brightly coloured flowers: Brassicaceae (crucifers)
  27. Virginian stocka similar and related North American plant, Malcolmia maritima
  28. a long usually white neckcloth wrapped around the neck, worn in the 18th century and as part of modern riding dress
  29. the repertoire of plays available to a repertory company
  30. (as modifier): a stock play
  31. (on some types of anchors) a crosspiece at the top of the shank under the ring
  32. the centre of a wheel
  33. an exposed igneous intrusion that is smaller in area than a batholith
  34. a log or block of wood
  35. See laughing stock
  36. an archaic word for stocking
  37. in stockstored on the premises or available for sale or use
  38. supplied with goods of a specified kind
  39. out of stocknot immediately available for sale or use
  40. not having goods of a specified kind immediately available
  41. take stockto make an inventory
  42. to make a general appraisal, esp of prospects, resources, etc
  43. take stock into attach importance to
  44. lock, stock, and barrel
    See lock1
  1. staple, standard: stock sizes in clothes
  2. (prenominal) being a cliché; hackneyed: a stock phrase
  1. (transitive) to keep (goods) for sale
  2. (intr; usually followed by up or up on) to obtain a store of (something) for future use or sale: to stock up on beer
  3. (transitive) to supply with live animals, fish, etc: to stock a farm
  4. (intransitive) (of a plant) to put forth new shoots
  5. (transitive) obsolete to punish by putting in the stocks

See also stocksEtymology: Old English stocc trunk (of a tree), stem, stick (the various senses developed from these meanings, as trunk of a tree, hence line of descent; structures made of timber; a store of timber or other goods for future use, hence an aggregate of goods, animals, etc); related to Old Saxon, Old High German stock stick, stump

ˈstocker n

'stock' also found in these entries:
Collocations: stock [a wide, an extensive, a complete] range of, a [large, huge, plentiful, healthy, complete] stock (of), a stock [photo, image] (of), more...

Forum discussions with the word(s) "stock" in the title:

Look up "stock" at Merriam-Webster
Look up "stock" at

In other languages: Spanish | French | Italian | Portuguese | Romanian | German | Dutch | Swedish | Russian | Polish | Czech | Greek | Turkish | Chinese | Japanese | Korean | Arabic


Word of the day: rest | whisk


Report an inappropriate ad.