- one of a pair of close-fitting garments made of knitted yarn to cover the foot and part or all of the leg
- something resembling this in position, function, appearance, etc
- in one's stocking feet, in one's stockinged feet ⇒ wearing stockings or socks but no shoes
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
- Clothinga close-fitting covering for the foot and part of the leg, of wool, cotton, nylon, etc.
- something resembling this.
- Idiomsin one's stocking feet, wearing stockings but no shoes.
- Clothinga close-fitting covering for the foot and part of the leg, usually knitted, of wool, cotton, nylon, silk, or similar material.
- something resembling such a covering.
- in one's stocking feet, wearing stockings, but without shoes:Be careful of glass splinters if you walk through here in your stocking feet.
- stock + -ing1 1575–85
- Businessa supply of goods kept on hand by a merchant, etc., for sale to customers;
inventory: [countable]a good stock of computers.[uncountable; in/out of + ~]The store keeps lots of replacement parts in stock.
- a quantity of something kept, as for future use:[countable]a good stock of tuna fish cans in the cupboard.
- [uncountable] livestock;
- Businessshares of a company that are divided and sold to its members: [uncountable]He had stock in that company before its value increased.[countable]investing in stocks and bonds.
- Botany, Animal Husbandry, Zoologya race or other related group of people, animals, plants, etc., from the same or a similar source: [uncountable]He comes from healthy Norwegian farmer stock.[countable]She classified the Indo-European stock of languages.
- [countable] the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
- the piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a gun are attached.
- stocks, [plural] a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles, used to expose an offender to the public for ridicule.
- Food[uncountable] the liquid or broth from boiled meat, fish, or poultry, used in soups and sauces.
adj. [before a noun]
- kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale;
- having as one's job the care of the goods in a business:a stock clerk.
- of the common or ordinary type:He gave his stock answer when asked about his plans for the future.
- Animal Husbandryof or relating to the breeding and raising of livestock.
- of or relating to the stock of a company:various stock options.
- to keep or provide with a stock or supply, as for future use: [~ + object]They stocked the cupboard with food.[no object; ~ + up]You had better stock up now on cooking oil.
- to have in a store, as for sale:[~ + object]The store is well stocked with replacement parts.
- Idiomstake or put stock in, [~ + object] to put confidence in or attach importance to:I wouldn't put much stock in his promises.
- Idiomstake stock:
- Businessto make a formal counting of stock on hand in a business:The stores are closed so they can take stock of their inventory.
- to examine or evaluate what one possesses, what one needs, etc.:It's time to take stock of your life and decide where you want to go.
- Businessa supply of goods kept on hand for sale to customers by a merchant, distributor, manufacturer, etc.;
- a quantity of something accumulated, as for future use:a stock of provisions.
- Show Business[Theat.]a stock company:a job in summer stock.
- the outstanding capital of a company or corporation.
- the shares of a particular company or corporation.
- the certificate of ownership of such stock;
- (formerly) a tally or stick used in transactions between a debtor and a creditor.
- BotanyAlso called understock. in grafting, a stem in which the bud or scion is inserted.
- Botanya stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings;
- Agriculture, Botanythe trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant, as distinguished from roots and branches.
- Agriculture, Botany, Animal Husbandry, Zoologythe type from which a group of animals or plants has been derived.
- Botany, Animal Husbandry, Zoologya race or other related group of animals or plants.
- the person from whom a given line of descent is derived;
the original progenitor.
- Physical Anthropologya line of descent;
a tribe, race, or ethnic group.
- Language Varieties, Linguistics[Ling.]a category consisting of language families that, because of resemblances in grammatical structure and vocabulary, are considered likely to be related by common origin. Cf. family (def. 14), phylum (def. 2).
- Linguisticsany grouping of related languages.
- the handle of a whip, fishing rod, etc.
- the wooden or metal piece to which the barrel and mechanism of a rifle are attached.
- a part of an automatic weapon, as a machine gun, similar in position or function.
- Botany, Agriculturethe trunk or stump of a tree, left standing.
- a dull or stupid person.
- something lifeless or senseless.
- the main upright part of anything, esp. a supporting structure.
- a former instrument of punishment consisting of a framework with holes for securing the ankles and, sometimes, the wrists, used to expose an offender to public derision. Cf. pillory (def. 1).
- a frame in which a horse or other animal is secured in a standing position for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
- the frame on which a boat rests while under construction.
- , Nautical, Naval Termsa vertical shaft forming part of a rudder and controlling the rudder's movement.
- , Nautical, Naval Termsa transverse piece of wood or metal near the ring on some anchors. See diag. under anchor.
- Buildingthe metal or wooden body of a carpenter's plane.
- material being smelted in a blast furnace.
- a metal piece to be forged.
- Printinga specified quality or kind of paper:glossy stock;card stock;offset stock.
- Printingthe paper for printing a particular job:We don't have enough stock for that large a run.
- the raw material from which something is made.
- Printing[Papermaking.]stuff (def. 15).
- Food[Cookery.]the liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, fish, chicken, etc., with or without vegetables or seasonings, and used esp. as a foundation for soups and sauces.
- any of several plants belonging to the genus Matthiola, of the mustard family, esp. M. incana, having fragrant white, blue, purple, reddish, or yellowish flowers.
- Botanya rhizome or rootstock.
- Zoologya compound organism, as a colony of corals.
- Clothinga collar or a neckcloth fitting like a band around the neck.
- Games[Cards.]the portion of a pack of cards that, in certain games, is not dealt out to the players, but is left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.
- Buildingan adjustable wrench for holding dies for cutting screws.
- Rail TransportSee rolling stock.
- Games[Dominoes.]boneyard (def. 3).
- Informal TermsSee stock car (def. 1).
- Religion[Rom. Cath. Ch.]one of a set of three metal containers for holy oil.
- Mining, Geology[Geol., Mining.]an irregular igneous intrusion, usually an offshoot of a batholith, often mineralized.
- [Archaic.]a stocking.
- [Obs.]the frame of a plow to which the share, handles, etc., are attached.
- in stock, on hand for use or sale:There are no more blue skirts in stock.
- lock, stock, and barrel. See lock 1 (def. 12).
- on the stocks:
- under construction, as esp. a ship.
- in progress or preparation:a new novel on the stocks.
- Businessout of stock, lacking a supply of, esp. temporarily:We are out of stock in this item.
- take or put stock in, to put confidence in or attach importance to;
trust:Considering his general unreliability, I can't take stock in what he has told you.
- take stock:
- Businessto make an inventory of stock on hand.
- to make an appraisal of resources or prospects:She took stock of her decorating scheme and decided it was time for a change.
- kept regularly on hand, as for use or sale;
- having as one's job the care of a concern's goods:a stock clerk.
- of the common or ordinary type;
in common use:a stock argument.
commonplace:a stock remark.
- Animal Husbandrypertaining to or designating the breeding and raising of livestock:stock farming.
- Dialect Terms, Animal Husbandry[Southern U.S.](chiefly Southern Appalachian and South Atlantic States). (of farm animals) being a fully grown male:a stock hog.
- of or pertaining to the stock of a company or corporation:a stock report.
- Show Business[Theat.]
- Show Businesspertaining to a stock company.
- Show Businessappearing together in a repertoire, as a company.
- Show Businessforming part of a repertoire, as a play.
- Show Businessbeing a character type fixed by convention, as in the commedia dell'-arte, a harlequinade, minstrel show, or the like.
- Informal Termsof, pertaining to, or characteristic of a stock car.
- to furnish with a stock or supply.
- to furnish with stock, as a farm with horses, cattle, etc.
- to lay up in store, as for future use.
- to fasten to or provide with a stock, as a rifle, plow, bell, anchor, etc.
- to put in the stocks as a punishment.
- to lay in a stock of something (often fol. by up).
- bef. 900; (noun, nominal) Middle English; Old English stoc(c) stump, stake, post, log; cognate with German Stock, Old Norse stokkr tree-trunk; (verb, verbal) derivative of the noun, nominal
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged store, provision, reserve.
- 11.See corresponding entry in Unabridged lineage, family.
- 14.See corresponding entry in Unabridged haft.
- 49.See corresponding entry in Unabridged usual.
- (sometimes plural) the total goods or raw material kept on the premises of a shop or business
- (as modifier): a stock clerk, stock book
- a supply of something stored for future use: he keeps a good stock of whisky
- the capital raised by a company through the issue and subscription of shares entitling their holders to dividends, partial ownership, and usually voting rights
- the proportion of such capital held by an individual shareholder
- the shares of a specified company or industry
- standing or status
- farm animals, such as cattle and sheep, bred and kept for their meat, skins, etc
- (as modifier): stock farming
- the trunk or main stem of a tree or other plant
- a rooted plant into which a scion is inserted during grafting
- a plant or stem from which cuttings are taken
See also rootstock
- the original type from which a particular race, family, group, etc, is derived
- a race, breed, or variety of animals or plants
- (often plural) a small pen in which a single animal can be confined
- a line of descent
- any of the major subdivisions of the human species; race or ethnic group
- the part of a rifle, sub-machine-gun, etc, into which the barrel and firing mechanism is set: held by the firer against the shoulder
- the handle of something, such as a whip or fishing rod
- the main body of a tool, such as the block of a plane
- short for diestock, gunstock, rolling stock
- (formerly) the part of a plough to which the irons and handles were attached
- the main upright part of a supporting structure
- a liquid or broth in which meat, fish, bones, or vegetables have been simmered for a long time
- film material before exposure and processing
- Also called: gillyflower any of several plants of the genus Matthiola, such as M. incana and M. bicornis (evening or night-scented stock), of the Mediterranean region, cultivated for their brightly coloured flowers: Brassicaceae (crucifers)
- Virginian stock ⇒ a similar and related North American plant, Malcolmia maritima
- a long usually white neckcloth wrapped around the neck, worn in the 18th century and as part of modern riding dress
- the repertoire of plays available to a repertory company
- (as modifier): a stock play
- (on some types of anchors) a crosspiece at the top of the shank under the ring
- the centre of a wheel
- an exposed igneous intrusion that is smaller in area than a batholith
- a log or block of wood
- See laughing stock
- an archaic word for stocking
- in stock ⇒ stored on the premises or available for sale or use
- supplied with goods of a specified kind
- out of stock ⇒ not immediately available for sale or use
- not having goods of a specified kind immediately available
- take stock ⇒ to make an inventory
- to make a general appraisal, esp of prospects, resources, etc
- take stock in ⇒ to attach importance to
- lock, stock, and barrel ⇒
- staple, standard: stock sizes in clothes
- (prenominal) being a cliché; hackneyed: a stock phrase
- (transitive) to keep (goods) for sale
- (intr; usually followed by up or up on) to obtain a store of (something) for future use or sale: to stock up on beer
- (transitive) to supply with live animals, fish, etc: to stock a farm
- (intransitive) (of a plant) to put forth new shoots
- (transitive) obsolete to punish by putting in the stocks
See also stocksEtymology: Old English stocc trunk (of a tree), stem, stick (the various senses developed from these meanings, as trunk of a tree, hence line of descent; structures made of timber; a store of timber or other goods for future use, hence an aggregate of goods, animals, etc); related to Old Saxon, Old High German stock stick, stump