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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
sub /sʌb/USA pronunciation
n., v., subbed, sub•bing. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
Informal Termsa submarine.
a substitute:We hired a sub to teach her class.
Food, Dialect Termsa submarine sandwich.
v. [no object]
Informal Termsto act as a substitute for another:Can you sub for their French teacher tomorrow?
- sub- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning "under, below, beneath'':subsoil; subway.
- sub- is also used to mean "just outside of, near'':subalpine; subtropical.
- sub- is also used to mean "less than, not quite'':subhuman; subteen.
- sub- is also used to mean "secondary, at a lower point in a hierarchy'':subcommittee; subplot.
Sometimes this prefix is spelled as su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-2
an abbreviation of:
n., v., subbed, sub•bing. [Informal.]
Informal Termsa submarine.
Food, Dialect Terms, Dialect Termsa submarine sandwich. See hero sandwich.
Informal Termsa subcontractor.
Informal Termsa subordinate.
British Terms[Brit.]an advance against one's wages, esp. one granted as a subsistence allowance.
Informal Terms, Photography[Photog.]a substratum.
Informal Termsto act as a substitute for another.
Informal Terms, Photography[Photog.]to coat (a film or plate) with a substratum.
Etymology:by shortening of words prefixed with sub-
3 . See hero sandwich.
Business, Governmentsupplemental unemployment benefits.
a prefix occurring originally in loanwords from Latin (subject;
on this model, freely attached to elements of any origin and used with the meaning "under,'' "below,'' "beneath'' (subalpine;
substratum), "slightly,'' "imperfectly,'' "nearly'' (subcolumnar;
subtropical), "secondary,'' "subordinate'' (subcommittee;
- a prefix indicating a basic compound:subacetate; subcarbonate;
Also,su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-, sus-.
- a prefix indicating that the element is present in a relatively small proportion, i.e., in a low oxidation state:subchloride; suboxide.
Etymology: Latin, combining form representing sub (preposition);
akin to Greek hypó;
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
sub /sʌb/ n
vb (subs, subbing, subbed)
- short for several words beginning with sub-
See subeditor, submarine, subordinate, subscription, substitute
- Brit informal an advance payment of wages or salary
Formal term: subsistence allowance
- (intransitive) to serve as a substitute
- (intransitive) informal to act as a substitute (for)
- Brit informal to grant or receive (an advance payment of wages or salary)
- (transitive) informal
short for subedit