WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
sub•si•dy /ˈsʌbsɪdi/USA pronunciation n. [countable],pl. -dies.
  1. Governmenta direct payment of money made by a government to a private commercial business or industry, an individual, or another government:The subsidies paid to the rice farmers guarantee that the farmer receives a high price without the consumer having to pay a high price, too.
  2. Governmentany grant or contribution of money.
See -sid-.

Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

subsidy /ˈsʌbsɪdɪ/ n ( pl -dies)
  1. a financial aid supplied by a government, as to industry, for reasons of public welfare, the balance of payments, etc
  2. a financial grant made originally for special purposes by Parliament to the Crown
  3. any monetary contribution, grant, or aid
Etymology: 14th Century: from Anglo-Norman subsidie, from Latin subsidium assistance, from subsidēre to remain, from sub- down + sedēre to sit



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