such

Listen:
 [ˈsʌtʃ]



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
such /sʌtʃ/USA pronunciation   adj. 
  1. of the kind, character, degree, etc., already indicated or about to be indicated: [+ a + singular countable noun]He could inflame whole audiences in moments; such a man is dangerous.[+ uncountable or plural noun]Revolution and anarchy? Such talk is dangerous.
  2. like or similar:steel, wood, tea, coffee, and other such commodities.
  3. of so extreme a kind;
    so good, bad, etc.: [+ a + singular countable noun]He is such a liar.[+ uncountable or plural noun]That is such nonsense.
  4. definite but not specified:Allow such an amount for rent, and the rest for other things.
  5. being the person or thing or the persons or things indicated:[before a noun]If any member be late, such member shall be suspended.
  6. being as stated or indicated:Such is the case.

adv. 
  1. so;
    to such a degree:They are such nice people.
  2. in such a way or manner.

pron. 
  1. such a person or thing or such persons or things:kings, princes, and such.
  2. someone or something indicated:She claims to be a friend but is not such.
Idioms
  1. Idiomssuch as: 
    • of the kind specified:A plan such as you propose will succeed.
    • for example:He had many pastimes, such as reading and chess.
  2. such...that, (used as a conjunction to join two clauses together and to show that the first clause is explained by the second or is the cause of the second):He received such a shock that he nearly passed out.

    Compare such and so. Such can come before a noun (with or without an adjective before the noun), but so comes before an adjective without a noun following:He's such a stupid man. She's such a liar. She's such an intelligent woman,butShe's so stupid. He's so intelligent.

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
such  (such),USA pronunciation adj. 
  1. of the kind, character, degree, extent, etc., of that or those indicated or implied:Such a man is dangerous.
  2. of that particular kind or character:The food, such as it was, was plentiful.
  3. like or similar:tea, coffee, and such commodities.
  4. (used with omission of an indication of comparison) of so extreme a kind;
    so great, good, bad, etc.:He is such a liar.
  5. being as stated or indicated:Such is the case.
  6. being the person or thing or the persons or things indicated:If any member be behind in his dues, such member shall be suspended.
  7. definite but not specified;
    such and such:Allow such an amount for food and such an amount for rent.

adv. 
  1. so;
    very;
    to such a degree:such pleasant people.
  2. in such a way or manner.

pron. 
  1. such a person or thing or such persons or things:kings, princes, and such.
  2. someone or something indicated or exemplified:He claims to be a friend but is not such.
  3. as such. See  as 1 (def. 26).
  4. such as: 
    • of the kind specified:A plan such as you propose will never succeed.
    • for example:He considers quiet pastimes, such as reading and chess, a bore.
  • Gmc *swa so1 + *līko- like1; cognate with German solch, Old Norse slīkr, Gothic swaleiks
  • Middle English such, swulch, suilch, Old English swilc, swelc bef. 900


Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

such /sʌtʃ/ determiner
often followed by a corresponding subordinate clause introduced by that or as:
  1. of the sort specified or understood: such books shouldn't be sold here
  2. (as pronoun): such is life, robbers, rapists, and such
  3. so great; so much: such a help, I've never seen such weeping
  4. as suchin the capacity previously specified or understood: a judge as such hasn't so much power
  5. in itself or themselves: intelligence as such can't guarantee success
  6. such and suchspecific, but not known or named: at such and such a time
  7. such asfor example: animals, such as elephants and tigers
  8. of a similar kind as; like: people such as your friend John make me angry
  9. of the (usually small) amount, etc: the food, such as there was, was excellent
  10. such thatso that: used to express purpose or result: power such that it was effortless
adv
  1. (intensifier): such nice people, such a nice person that I gave him a present
Etymology: Old English swilc; related to Old Frisian sālik, Old Norse slīkr, Gothic swaleiks, Old High German sulih



'such' also found in these entries:
Collocations: such a [nice, caring, thoughtful, kind] [gesture, thought], such a [nice, kind] (young) man, are such [thoughtful, caring] people, more...

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