WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
syn•tax /ˈsɪntæks/USA pronunciation   n. [uncountable]
    • the study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words in a language and of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences.
    • the patterns or rules so studied:English syntax.
    syn•tac•tic /sɪnˈtæktɪk/USA pronunciation  syn•tac•ti•cal,adj. 

WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
syn•tax  (sintaks), 
n. 
    [Ling.]
    • the study of the rules for the formation of grammatical sentences in a language.
    • the study of the patterns of formation of sentences and phrases from words.
    • the rules or patterns so studied:English syntax.
    • a presentation of these:a syntax of English.
    • an instance of these:the syntax of a sentence.
    [Logic.]
    • that branch of modern logic that studies the various kinds of signs that occur in a system and the possible arrangements of those signs, complete abstraction being made of the meaning of the signs.
    • the outcome of such a study when directed upon a specified language.
  1. a system or orderly arrangement.
  2. Computing[Computers.]the grammatical rules and structural patterns governing the ordered use of appropriate words and symbols for issuing commands, writing code, etc., in a particular software application or programming language.
Etymology:
  • Greek sýntaxis an arranging in order, equivalent. to syntag- (see syntactic) + -sis -sis
  • Late Latin
  • short for earlier syntaxis 1565–75

syntax, +n. 
Computing[Computers.]the grammatical rules and structural patterns governing the ordered use of appropriate words and symbols for issuing commands, writing code, etc., in a particular software application or programming language.

'syntactical' also found in these entries:
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