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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
take /teɪk/USA pronunciation
v., took/tʊk/USA pronunciationtak•en/ˈteɪkən/USA pronunciationtak•ing,n. WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
[~ + object] to get into one's possession by one's action:took a pen and began to write.
[~ + object] to hold or grip with the hands:She took my hand and shook it vigorously.
[~ + object] to seize or capture:to take a prisoner.
[~ + object] to catch or get (game, etc.), esp. by killing:Regulations forbid hunters from taking more than one animal per month.
[~ + object] to pick or choose from a number of alternatives; select:She'll take white wine with her dinner.
[~ + object] to receive or accept (a person) into some relation, as marriage:Do you take her to be your lawful wedded wife?
[~ + object] to receive or react to in a certain manner:She took his death hard.
[not: be + ~-ing; ~ + object] to obtain from a source;
derive:The book takes its title from a song by Franz Schubert.
[~ + object] to obtain as compensation for injury done (usually to oneself):to take revenge.
[~ + object] to receive into the body, as by inhaling or swallowing:to take a pill.
[~ + object] to do, perform, etc.:She took a hot bath.
[~ + object] to use to add flavoring:Do you take sugar in your coffee?
[~ + object] to undergo:to take a heat treatment.
[~ + object] to endure or submit to without complaining or weakening:Can't you take a joke?
[~ + object] to remove by death; to end (a life):The flood took many victims.
[~ + object] to subtract or deduct:to take 2 from 5.
[~ + object] to carry with one:Are you taking an umbrella?
[~ + object] to carry from one place to another; convey or transport:Can you take the kids to school?
[~ + object] to use as a means of transportation:We took the number 15 bus.
[not: be + ~-ing; ~ + object] to serve as a means of conducting;
to go in the direction of:Fifth Avenue takes you right through the midtown area.
[~ + object] to go into or enter:Take the road to the left.
[~ + object] to bring about a change in the condition of:Her talent and ambition took her to the top.
[~ + object] to come upon suddenly; catch:to take a thief by surprise.
[~ + object] to attack or affect with or as if with a disease:taken with a fit of laughter.
to (cause to) be absorbed or be stuck to; be susceptible to: [~ + object]The cloth will not take a dye.[no object]The dye wouldn't take on that cloth.
to require; call for;
necessitate: [~ + object]This wood takes three coats of paint.[It + ~ + object + to + verb]It takes courage to do that.
[~ + object] to proceed to occupy:Take a seat.
to use up; consume: [~ + object]( + to + verb)]:I took just ten minutes to solve that problem.[~ (+ object) + object]Solving the problem took (me) only ten minutes.[It + [~ ( + object) + object ( + to + verb)]It took (me) only ten minutes to solve the problem.
[~ + object] to act or perform:to take the part of the hero.
Photography[~ + object] to make (a video, etc.) (of):to take home movies.
[~ + object] to write down:to take notes.
[~ + object] to apply oneself to; study:to take a history course.
[~ + object] to deal with;
treat:He promised to take the matter under consideration.
[~ + object] to determine by recording, asking, examining, measuring, etc.:The doctor took my pulse.
[~ + object] to have or experience (a feeling, etc.):She took pride in her appearance.
to grasp or apprehend mentally: [~ + object + as + object]Don't take the remark as an insult.[~ + object + to + verb]I take your silence to mean that you agree.
[~ + object] to accept the statements of:She took him at his word.
[~ + it + (that) clause] to assume as a fact:I take it that you won't be there.
to regard or consider: [~ + object + to + be + noun]I took them to be Frenchmen; weren't they?[~ + object + to + be + adjective]I took them to be wealthy enough to afford the house.
Games[~ + object] to capture or win in a game (a piece, etc.):The chess grandmaster took his opponent's queen.
Informal Terms[~ + object][Informal.]to cheat, swindle, or victimize:The car salesman took us for about $500.
[~ + object] to win or obtain money from:He took me for $10 in the poker game.
[~ + object] to have sexual intercourse with:He wanted to take her then and there.
Grammar[not: be + ~ -ing; ~ + object] to be used with (a certain grammatical form, case, etc.):This verb takes an object.
[no object] to catch or engage, as a mechanical device:We heard the engine clicking, but it just wouldn't take.
Botany[no object] to begin to grow, as a plant:He gave us some cuttings, but they just wouldn't take.
[no object] to have the intended result or effect:Fortunately the vaccination took, and the fever went down.
[not: be + ~ -ing; ~ + adjective] to fall or become:He took sick.
take (someone) aback, [~ + object + aback] to surprise or shock:taken aback by her hostility.
take after, [~ + after + object]
- to resemble (another person), as in appearance, behavior, etc.:My daughters take after my wife.
- to follow or chase:The police took after him.
- to disassemble, as by separating (something) into small pieces: [~ + object + apart]to take a clock apart.[~ + apart + object]to take apart a clock.
- to examine closely and criticize severely; attack: [~ + apart + object]took apart those arguments one after another.[~ + object + apart]He took them apart.
- to remove: [~ + away + object]The waiter came and took away the food.[~ + object + away]He took the food away.
- [~ + away + from + object] to detract (from):He tried to take away from her achievements by saying she was just lucky.
- to regain possession of: [~ + back + object]The army took back the town.[~ + object + back]to take it back.
- to return, as for exchange: [~ + object + back]Take it back to the store if it doesn't fit.[~ + object + back]She took the dress back because it didn't fit.
- [~ + object + back] to allow to return; resume a relationship with:Will his wife take him back?
- [~ + object + back] to cause to remember:The song took me back to my teen years.
- to retract: [~ + back + object]to take back a statement.[~ + object + back]What did you call her? You'd better take it back!
- to write down; record: [~ + down + object]to take down a speech.[~ + object + down]to take it all down.
- [~ + object + down] to reduce the pride of:to take him down a peg.
- to change (a garment) so as to make smaller or tighter: [~ + in + object]to take in a dress.[~ + object + in]to take it in a few inches.
- to provide a place to live for: [~ + in + object]She took in every stray cat that came her way.[~ + object + in]always took the cats in.
- to grasp the meaning of; comprehend: [~ + in + object]Do you think he took in everything we said?[~ + object + in]Did he take it all in?
- to observe; notice: [~ + in + object]He stood there taking in the busy scene.[~ + object + in]He stood there taking it all in.
- to deceive; trick;
cheat: [~ + object + in]She took us in with that scheme.[~ + in + object]Has she taken in anyone else with it?
- [~ + in + object] to visit or attend, as for entertainment:to take in a show.
- [~ + in + object] to receive as proceeds, as from business:The company took in enough profits last year to break even.[~ + object + in]to take it in.
- to remove: [~ + off + object]Take off your coat.[~ + object + off]Take your coat off.
- [no object] to leave the ground and rise into the air:The plane took off.
- [no object] to depart; leave:The man took off before we could ask him who he was.
- to subtract, as a discount;
deduct: [~ + off + object]The store took off 20 percent.[~ + object + off]taking 20 percent off the price.
- [no object] to achieve sudden, noticeable growth, etc.:Sales took off just before Christmas.
- to hire; employ: [~ + on + object]to take on new workers.[~ + object + on]to take new workers on.
- to undertake; begin (work): [~ + on + object]took on extra work to pay the bills.[~ + object + on]How can he take so much volunteer work on?
- [~ + on + object] to gain or acquire:The word "homeowner'' took on a whole new meaning when she became one.
- to accept as a challenge or opponent: [~ + on + object]weren't afraid to take on big business.[~ + object + on]"I'm not afraid to take the champ on!'' the boxer shouted.
- to withdraw; remove: [~ + out + object]She took out library books for the children.[~ + object + out]The doctor took my appendix out.
- to deduct: [~ + out + object]The government takes out income taxes from your paycheck.[~ + object + out]to take the taxes out.
- to buy or obtain by applying: [~ + out + object]to take out insurance.[~ + object + out]to take insurance out on the house.
- to escort, as on a date: [~ + object + out]took her out on a couple of dates.[~ + out + object]He took out several girls before he found the right one.
- [no object] to set out; start:We took out after them just as the sun rose.
Idioms, Informal Termstake (something) out on (someone), to cause (another) to suffer for (one's own misfortune, etc.): [~ + out + object + on + object]He took out his frustration on his children.[~ + object + out + on + object]I know you're upset, but don't take it out on the kids!
take over, to assume management of or responsibility for: [no object]Who will take over when you retire?[~ + over + object]Who will take over the company when you retire?[~ + object + over]Can they take the company over without a controlling interest?
take to, [~ + to + object]
- [Slang.]to kill or destroy: [~ + out + object]The pilots took out their targets.[~ + object + out]threatened to take them out if they talked to the cops.
- to devote oneself to; use or do as a habit:to take to drink.
- to begin to like:They took to each other at once.
- to go to:She took to her bed, sick with fever.
- to have recourse to; resort to:took to stealing cars.
- to occupy oneself with the study of: [~ + up + object]She took up medicine as a career.[~ + object + up]took it up as a career.
- to fill or occupy (space, etc.): [~ + up + object]The word "take'' will take up at least a page in this dictionary.[~ + object + up]This work takes all my time up.
- to continue; resume: [no object]We took up where we had left off.[~ + up + object]Let's take up the story where we left off.[~ + object + up]Let's take it up at chapter five.
- to raise for discussion or consideration: [~ + object + up]We'll take this up with our lawyers.[~ + up + object]Let's take up the next issue.
- [~ + up + object] to undertake; assume:He took up the duties of the presidency.
Informal Termstake up with, [~ + up + with + object] to keep company with:She's taken up with the wrong crowd of kids.
Idiomstake (something) upon oneself, [~ + object + upon + oneself] to assume (something) as a responsibility:Dad took it upon himself to visit her every day in the hospital.
the act of taking.
Informal Terms[Informal.]money taken in, esp. profits:a take of at least $5,000.
Show Businessa scene in a movie photographed without interruption.
Show Businessone of several sound recordings made, as of the same song, to produce a version good enough for release.
Informal Terms[Informal.]a response or reaction:She did a slow take when they told her she was arrested.
Idioms, Slang Termsa distinctive response to an event:What's your take on his deciding not to run?
- to make (clothes) shorter or tighter, as by hemming: [~ + up + object]He took up the slacks a few inches.[~ + object + up]He took the slacks up.
tak•a•ble, take•a•ble, adj.
tak•er, n. [countable]
on the take, [Slang.]
take for, [~ + object + for + object]
- accepting bribes:Most of those politicians are on the take.
- to assume to be:What do you take me for, a fool?
- to assume falsely to be; mistake for:Whenever I spoke Russian they took me for an immigrant.
- to accept something (as true):Take it from me, I'm telling you the truth.
- to be able to resist or endure hardship, etc.:couldn't take it in the military.
- Idiomstake place, to happen; occur:When will the wedding take place?
cap•tive /ˈkæptɪv/USA pronunciation
- a prisoner:They freed their captives before surrendering.
[before a noun
kept or held in confinement: captive animals.
unable to avoid listening to something:Her dinner guests were always a captive audience for her stories.
- take or hold (someone) captive, to take or keep (someone) as a prisoner, esp. in war:We took them captive.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
take /teɪk/ vb (takes, taking, took, taken)(mainly tr)
- (also intr) to gain possession of (something) by force or effort
- to appropriate or steal
- to receive or accept into a relationship with oneself: to take a wife
- to pay for or buy
- to rent or lease
- to receive or obtain by regular payment
- to obtain by competing for; win
- to obtain or derive from a source
- to assume the obligations of: to take office
- to endure, esp with fortitude: to take punishment
- to adopt as a symbol of duty, obligation, etc: to take the veil
- to receive or react to in a specified way: she took the news very well
- to adopt as one's own: to take someone's part in a quarrel
- to receive and make use of: to take advice
- to receive into the body, as by eating, inhaling, etc
- to eat, drink, etc, esp habitually
- to have or be engaged in for one's benefit or use: to take a rest
- to work at or study: to take economics at college
- to make, do, or perform (an action)
- to make use of: to take an opportunity
- to put into effect; adopt: to take measures
- (also intr) to make a photograph of or admit of being photographed
- to act or perform
- to write down or copy: to take notes
- to experience or feel: to take pride in one's appearance, to take offence
- to consider, believe, or regard: I take him to be honest
- to consider or accept as valid: I take your point
- to hold or maintain in the mind: his father took a dim view of his career
- to deal or contend with
- to use as a particular case: take hotels for example
- (intransitive) often followed by from: to diminish or detract: the actor's bad performance took from the effect of the play
- to confront successfully: the horse took the jump at the third attempt
- (intransitive) to have or produce the intended effect; succeed: her vaccination took, the glue is taking well
- (intransitive) (of seeds, plants, etc) to start growing successfully
- to aim or direct: he took a swipe at his opponent
- to deal a blow to in a specified place
- archaic to have sexual intercourse with
- to carry off or remove from a place
- to carry along or have in one's possession
- to convey or transport
- to use as a means of transport: I shall take the bus
- to conduct or lead
- to escort or accompany
- to bring or deliver to a state, position, etc: his ability took him to the forefront in his field
- to go to look for; seek: to take cover
- to ascertain or determine by measuring, computing, etc: to take a pulse, take a reading from a dial
- (intransitive) (of a mechanism) to catch or engage (a part)
- to put an end to; destroy: she took her own life
- to come upon unexpectedly; discover
- to contract: he took a chill
- to affect or attack: the fever took him one night
- (copula) to become suddenly or be rendered (ill): he took sick, he was taken sick
- (also intr) to absorb or become absorbed by something: to take a polish
- (usually passive) to charm or captivate: she was very taken with the puppy
- (intransitive) to be or become popular; win favour
- to require or need: this job will take a lot of attention, that task will take all your time
- to subtract or deduct
- to hold or contain: the suitcase won't take all your clothes
- to quote or copy
- to proceed to occupy: to take a seat
- (often followed by to) to use or employ: to take steps to ascertain the answer
- to win or capture (a trick, counter, piece, etc)
- slang to cheat, deceive, or victimize
- take five ⇒ informal chiefly US Canadian to take a break of five minutes
- take it ⇒ to assume; believe
- informal to stand up to or endure criticism, abuse, harsh treatment, etc
- take one's time ⇒ to use as much time as is needed; not rush
- take someone's name in vain ⇒ to use a name, esp of God, disrespectfully or irreverently
- jocular to say (someone's) name
- take something upon oneself ⇒ to assume the right to do or responsibility for (something)
See also take after
- the act of taking
- the number of quarry killed or captured on one occasion
- informal chiefly US the amount of anything taken, esp money
- one of a series of recordings from which the best will be selected for release
- the process of taking one such recording
- a scene or part of a scene photographed without interruption
- informal chiefly US a version or interpretation: Cronenberg's harsh take on the sci-fi story
, take againstEtymology: Old English tacan, from Old Norse taka; related to Gothic tekan to touchˈtakable, ˈtakeable adj
take /ˈtɑːkɪ/ n
- NZ a topic or cause