under

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 /ˈʌndə/

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WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2016
un•der /ˈʌndɚ/USA pronunciation   prep. 
  1. beneath and covered by:She stood under a tree.
  2. below the surface of:They swam under water.
  3. at a point lower than:He got a bump just under his eye.
  4. in the position of trying to carry, support, endure, sustain, etc.:to sink under a heavy load.
  5. beneath the cover or disguise of:registered under a false name.
  6. beneath the heading of:Classify the books under "Fiction.''
  7. below in degree, amount, etc.;
    less than:These books were purchased under cost.
  8. below in rank:A corporal is under a lieutenant.
  9. working for;
    controlled by the authority, influence, or guidance of:studied violin under a great master.
  10. in accordance with;
    following:under the provisions of the law.
  11. during the administration or reign of:Those laws were passed under President Lincoln.
  12. in the state or process of:under construction; a bridge under repair.

adv. 
  1. below or beneath something:Go over the fence, not under.
  2. beneath the surface of water:was held under by the seaweed.
  3. in a lower degree, amount, etc.:selling shirts for $25 and under.
  4. in a lower position or condition.
  5. go under, [no object]
    • to give in;
      succumb;
      yield.
    • to fail in business:His dry cleaning business went under.

adj. 
  1. located beneath or on the underside:the under threads of embroidery.
  2. lower in position.
  3. lower in degree, amount, rank, etc.:Children seven or under get in free.
  4. being in a state of unconsciousness:The patient was under during the surgery (= The patient was unconscious because of the effect of the anesthetic).

under-, prefix. 
    • under- is attached to nouns and means: "a place or situation below or beneath:''underbrush; undertow.
    • under- is also used to mean "lower in grade, rank, or dignity:''undersheriff; understudy.
    • under- is also attached to adjectives to mean "of lesser degree, extent, or amount:''undersized.
    • under- is also used to mean "not showing enough;
      too little:''underfed.

  • WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2016
    un•der  (undər),USA pronunciation prep. 
    1. beneath and covered by:under a table; under a tree.
    2. below the surface of:under water; under the skin.
    3. at a point or position lower or further down than:He was hit just under his eye.
    4. in the position or state of bearing, supporting, sustaining, enduring, etc.:to sink under a heavy load.
    5. beneath the heading or within the category of:Classify the books under "Fiction'' and "General.''
    6. as designated, indicated, or represented by:to register under a new name.
    7. below in degree, amount, etc.;
      less than:purchased under cost.
    8. below in rank;
      of less dignity, importance, or the like:A corporal is under a sergeant.
    9. subject to the authority, direction, or supervision of:a bureau functioning under the prime minister.
    10. subject to the instruction or advice of:to study the violin under Heifetz.
    11. subject to the influence, condition, force, etc., of:under these circumstances; born under the sign of Taurus.
    12. protected, controlled, or watched by:under guard.
    13. authorized, warranted, or attested by:under one's hand or seal.
    14. in accordance with:under the provisions of the law.
    15. during the rule, administration, or government of:new laws passed under President Reagan.
    16. in the state or process of:under repair; a matter under consideration.
    17. Nauticalpowered by the means indicated:under sail; under steam.
    18. under wraps. See  wrap (def. 16).

    adv. 
    1. below or beneath something:Go over the fence, not under.
    2. beneath the surface.
    3. in a lower place.
    4. in a lower degree, amount, etc.:selling blouses for $25 and under.
    5. in a subordinate position or condition.
    6. in or into subjection or submission.
    7. go under: 
      • to give in;
        succumb;
        yield:She tried desperately to fight off her drowsiness, but felt herself going under.
      • to fail in business:After 20 years on the same corner they finally went under.

    adj. 
    1. beneath or on the underside:the under threads of the embroidery.
    2. lower in position.
    3. lower in degree, amount, etc.
    4. lower in rank or condition.
    5. subject to the control, effect, etc., as of a person, drug, or force:The hypnotist had her subject under at once. The patient was under as soon as he breathed the anesthetic.
    • bef. 900; Middle English, Old English; cognate with Dutch onder, German unter, Old Norse undir, Latin inferus located below
      • 2.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See  below. 

    under-, 
  • a prefixal use of  under, as to indicate place or situation below or beneath (underbrush;
    undertow
    );
    lower in grade or dignity (undersheriff;
    understudy
    );
    of lesser degree, extent, or amount (undersized);
    or insufficiency (underfeed).
    • Old English Middle English


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    under /ˈʌndə/ prep
    1. directly below; on, to, or beneath the underside or base of: under one's feet
    2. less than: under forty years
    3. lower in rank than: under a corporal
    4. subject to the supervision, jurisdiction, control, or influence of
    5. subject to (conditions); in (certain circumstances)
    6. within a classification of: a book under theology
    7. known by: under an assumed name
    8. planted with: a field under corn
    9. powered by: under sail
    10. during the period that the sun is in (a sign of the zodiac): born under Aries
    adv
    1. below; to a position underneath something
    Etymology: Old English; related to Old Saxon, Gothic undar, Old High German untar, Old Norse undir, Latin infra



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