under

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 /ˈʌndəʳ/



WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2015
un•der /ˈʌndɚ/USA pronunciation   prep. 
  1. beneath and covered by:She stood under a tree.
  2. below the surface of:They swam under water.
  3. at a point lower than:He got a bump just under his eye.
  4. in the position of trying to carry, support, endure, sustain, etc.:to sink under a heavy load.
  5. beneath the cover or disguise of:registered under a false name.
  6. beneath the heading of:Classify the books under "Fiction.''
  7. below in degree, amount, etc.; less than:These books were purchased under cost.
  8. below in rank:A corporal is under a lieutenant.
  9. working for; controlled by the authority, influence, or guidance of:studied violin under a great master.
  10. in accordance with;
    following:under the provisions of the law.
  11. during the administration or reign of:Those laws were passed under President Lincoln.
  12. in the state or process of:under construction; a bridge under repair.

adv. 
  • below or beneath something:Go over the fence, not under.
  • beneath the surface of water:was held under by the seaweed.
  • in a lower degree, amount, etc.:selling shirts for $25 and under.
  • in a lower position or condition.
  • go under, [no object]
    • to give in; succumb;
      yield.
    • to fail in business:His dry cleaning business went under.

    adj. 
  • located beneath or on the underside:the under threads of embroidery.
  • lower in position.
  • lower in degree, amount, rank, etc.:Children seven or under get in free.
  • being in a state of unconsciousness:The patient was under during the surgery (= The patient was unconscious because of the effect of the anesthetic).

  • under-, prefix. 
    • under- is attached to nouns and means: "a place or situation below or beneath:''underbrush; undertow.
    • under- is also used to mean "lower in grade, rank, or dignity:''undersheriff; understudy.
    • under- is also attached to adjectives to mean "of lesser degree, extent, or amount:''undersized.
    • under- is also used to mean "not showing enough; too little:''underfed.

    WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2015
    un•der  (undər), 
    prep. 
    1. beneath and covered by:under a table; under a tree.
    2. below the surface of:under water; under the skin.
    3. at a point or position lower or further down than:He was hit just under his eye.
    4. in the position or state of bearing, supporting, sustaining, enduring, etc.:to sink under a heavy load.
    5. beneath the heading or within the category of:Classify the books under "Fiction'' and "General.''
    6. as designated, indicated, or represented by:to register under a new name.
    7. below in degree, amount, etc.; less than:purchased under cost.
    8. below in rank;
      of less dignity, importance, or the like:A corporal is under a sergeant.
    9. subject to the authority, direction, or supervision of:a bureau functioning under the prime minister.
    10. subject to the instruction or advice of:to study the violin under Heifetz.
    11. subject to the influence, condition, force, etc., of:under these circumstances; born under the sign of Taurus.
    12. protected, controlled, or watched by:under guard.
    13. authorized, warranted, or attested by:under one's hand or seal.
    14. in accordance with:under the provisions of the law.
    15. during the rule, administration, or government of:new laws passed under President Reagan.
    16. in the state or process of:under repair; a matter under consideration.
    17. Nautical[Naut.]powered by the means indicated:under sail; under steam.
    18. under wraps. See wrap (def. 16).

    adv. 
  • below or beneath something:Go over the fence, not under.
  • beneath the surface.
  • in a lower place.
  • in a lower degree, amount, etc.:selling blouses for $25 and under.
  • in a subordinate position or condition.
  • in or into subjection or submission.
  • go under: 
    • to give in; succumb;
      yield:She tried desperately to fight off her drowsiness, but felt herself going under.
    • to fail in business:After 20 years on the same corner they finally went under.

    adj. 
  • beneath or on the underside:the under threads of the embroidery.
  • lower in position.
  • lower in degree, amount, etc.
  • lower in rank or condition.
  • subject to the control, effect, etc., as of a person, drug, or force:The hypnotist had her subject under at once. The patient was under as soon as he breathed the anesthetic.
  • Etymology:bef. 900;
    Middle English, Old English;
    cognate with Dutch onder, German unter, Old Norse undir, Latin inferus located below
    2 . See below. 
    under-, 
    a prefixal use of under, as to indicate place or situation below or beneath (underbrush;
    undertow
    );
    lower in grade or dignity (undersheriff;
    understudy
    );
    of lesser degree, extent, or amount (undersized);
    or insufficiency (underfeed).
    Etymology:
    • Old English Middle English


    Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::

    under /ˈʌndə/ prep
    1. directly below; on, to, or beneath the underside or base of: under one's feet
    2. less than: under forty years
    3. lower in rank than: under a corporal
    4. subject to the supervision, jurisdiction, control, or influence of
    5. subject to (conditions); in (certain circumstances)
    6. within a classification of: a book under theology
    7. known by: under an assumed name
    8. planted with: a field under corn
    9. powered by: under sail
    10. during the period that the sun is in (a sign of the zodiac): born under Aries
    adv
    1. below; to a position underneath something
    Etymology: Old English; related to Old Saxon, Gothic undar, Old High German untar, Old Norse undir, Latin infra



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