For the verb: "to understand"
|Simple Past: ||understood|
|Past Participle: ||understood|
WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2017
un•der•stand /ˌʌndɚˈstænd/USA pronunciation
v. [not: be + ~ -ing], -stood, -stand•ing. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2017
un•der•stand•a•ble, adj.: My French was barely understandable.[It + be + ~ + that clause]It's understandable that you are upset.
un•der•stand•a•bly, adv. See -stan-.
- to see or perceive the meaning of;
comprehend: [~ + object]to understand a poem.[~ + (that) clause]doesn't understand that he's not welcome.[no object]Don't say a word to anyone, understand?
- to be familiar with;
have a thorough knowledge of: [~ + object]to understand literature; She understands businesspeople.[no object]She understands about businesspeople.
- to interpret or comprehend in a specified way: [~ + object + as + object]understood the suggestion as a complaint.[~ + object + to + verb]We understood you to mean you agree.
- to grasp the significance or importance of: [~ + object]He doesn't understand responsibility.[no object]A child doesn't understand about death.
- to learn or hear:[~ + (that) clause]I understand that you were ill.
- to regard as agreed or settled;
assume:[~ + (that) clause]We understand that you will repay this loan.
- to infer (something not stated):[~ + object]In sentences that are commands, like Run!, the subject you is understood.
- to accept something tolerantly, or with forgiveness or sympathy:[no object]If you can't come to the funeral, I will understand.
(un′dər stand′),USA pronunciation v., -stood, -stand•ing. v.t.
- to perceive the meaning of;
grasp the idea of;
comprehend:to understand Spanish; I didn't understand your question.
- to be thoroughly familiar with;
apprehend clearly the character, nature, or subtleties of:to understand a trade.
- to assign a meaning to;
interpret:He understood her suggestion as a complaint.
- to grasp the significance, implications, or importance of:He does not understand responsibility.
- to regard as firmly communicated;
take as agreed or settled:I understand that you will repay this loan in 30 days.
- to learn or hear:I understand that you are going out of town.
- to accept as true;
believe:I understand that you are trying to be truthful, but you are wrong.
- to construe in a particular way:You are to understand the phrase literally.
- to supply mentally (something that is not expressed).
- to perceive what is meant;
grasp the information conveyed:She told them about it in simple words, hoping they would understand.
- to accept tolerantly or sympathetically:If you can't do it, I'll understand.
- to have knowledge or background, as on a particular subject:He understands about boats.
- to have a systematic interpretation or rationale, as in a field or area of knowledge:He can repeat every rule in the book, but he just doesn't understand.
- bef. 900; Middle English understanden, understonden, Old English understondan; cognate with Dutch onderstaan. See under-, stand
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged See know 1.
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
understand /ˌʌndəˈstænd/ vb ( -stands, -standing, -stood)
Etymology: Old English understandan; related to Old Frisian understonda, Middle High German understān step under; see under, standˌunderˈstandable adj ˌunderˈstandably adv
- (may take a clause as object) to know and comprehend the nature or meaning of: I understand you, I understand what you mean
- (may take a clause as object) to realize or grasp (something): he understands your position
- (tr; may take a clause as object) to assume, infer, or believe: I understand you are thinking of marrying
- (transitive) to know how to translate or read: can you understand Spanish?
- (tr; may take a clause as object; often passive) to accept as a condition or proviso: it is understood that children must be kept quiet
- (transitive) to be sympathetic to or compatible with: we understand each other
'understand' also found in these entries: