WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
wind•up /ˈwaɪndˌʌp/USA pronunciation
n. [countable]WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
adj. [before a noun]
- the conclusion of an action or activity.
- Sport[Baseball.]the circular movement of a pitcher's arm before throwing the ball.
- made to function by winding an inside spring or the like:windup toys.
(wīnd′up′),USA pronunciation n. WordReference Random House Learner's Dictionary of American English © 2019
- the conclusion of any action, activity, etc.;
the end or close.
- a final act or part.
- Sport[Baseball.]the preparatory movements of the arm before pitching a ball. Cf. stretch (def. 22).
- Informal Termsa mechanical object, as a toy or wristwatch, that is driven by a spring or similar mechanism that must be wound.
- an act or instance of winding up. Also, wind′-up.′
- noun, nominal use of verb, verbal phrase wind up 1565–75
wind1 /n. wɪnd, Literary waɪnd; v. wɪnd/USA pronunciation
n. WordReference Random House Unabridged Dictionary of American English © 2019
v. [~ + object]
- Meteorologyair in natural motion, esp. strong motion: [countable]high winds.[uncountable]occasional gusts of wind.
- Music and Dancewinds, [plural]
- wind instruments.
- players of such instruments.
- breath or breathing:[uncountable]He had to stop running and catch his wind.
- a hint:[uncountable]They caught wind of a scandal.
- empty talk;
mere words:[uncountable]His speech was a lot of wind.
- [uncountable] gas generated in the stomach and intestines.
- to make short of breath:[usually passive]He was winded after the long race.
wind2 /waɪnd/USA pronunciation
v., wound /waʊnd/USA pronunciation or (Rare) wind•ed /ˌwaɪndɪd/USA pronunciation ;
- Idiomshow or which way the wind blows or lies, what the tendency or likely direction of events will be:Don't take sides in the argument just yet; let's wait and see which way the wind blows.
- Idiomsin the wind, about to occur or happen:Change is very definitely in the wind.
- Idiomstake the wind out of one's sails, to destroy one's confidence or self-assurance.
wind•ing, n. v.
- to have or take a curving or twisting course or direction;
meander: [no object]The road winds a bit and then straightens out.[~ + object]He wound his way down the path.
- to wrap, coil, or twine around (something):[~ + object]winding thread on a spool.
- to tighten the spring of:[~ + object]She wound the clock.
- wind down, [no object]
- to bring or come to a gradual end:After a busy week the conference began to wind down.
- to calm down;
relax:You need a vacation in order to wind down.
- wind up:
- to (cause to) come to an end or conclusion: [no object]The meeting wound up at about 4:30.[~ + object + up]Let's wind this meeting up.
- [no object] to arrive in a place or situation as a result of a course of action:to wind up in jail.
- to make tense or nervous;
excite: [~ + up + object]All the excitement wound up the kids.[~ + object + up]wound them up so much (that) they couldn't sleep.
wind•er, n. [countable]
- a single turn, twist, or bend.
(n. wind, Literary wīnd;v. wind),USA pronunciation n.
- Meteorologyair in natural motion, as that moving horizontally at any velocity along the earth's surface:A gentle wind blew through the valley. High winds were forecast.
- Meteorologya gale;
- any stream of air, as that produced by a bellows or fan.
- Music and Danceair that is blown or forced to produce a musical sound in singing or playing an instrument.
- Music and DanceSee wind instrument.
- Music and Dancewind instruments collectively.
- Music and Dancethe winds, the members of an orchestra or band who play the wind instruments.
- breath or breathing:to catch one's wind.
- the power of breathing freely, as during continued exertion.
- any influential force or trend:strong winds of public opinion.
- a hint or intimation:to catch wind of a stock split.
- air carrying an animal's odor or scent.
- AstronomySee solar wind.
- empty talk;
- gas generated in the stomach and intestines.
- Sport[Boxing Slang.]the pit of the stomach where a blow may cause a temporary shortness of breath;
- Geographyany direction of the compass.
- a state of unconcern, recklessness, or abandon:to throw all caution to the winds.
- between wind and water:
- Nautical(of a ship) at or near the water line.
- in a vulnerable or precarious spot:In her profession one is always between wind and water.
- break wind, to expel gas from the stomach and bowels through the anus.
- how the wind blows or lies, what the tendency or probability is:Try to find out how the wind blows.Also, which way the wind blows.
- Nauticalin the teeth of the wind, sailing directly into the wind;
against the wind. Also, in the eye of the wind, in the wind's eye.
- in the wind, about to occur;
impending:There's good news in the wind.
- off the wind:
- away from the wind;
with the wind at one's back.
- Nautical(of a sailing vessel) headed into the wind with sails shaking or aback.
- Naval Termson the wind, as close as possible to the wind. Also, on a wind.
- sail close to the wind:
- NauticalAlso, sail close on a wind. to sail as nearly as possible in the direction from which the wind is blowing.
- to practice economy in the management of one's affairs.
- to verge on a breach of propriety or decency.
- to escape (punishment, detection, etc.) by a narrow margin;
take a risk.
- take the wind out of one's sails, to surprise someone, esp. with unpleasant news;
flabbergast:She took the wind out of his sails when she announced she was marrying someone else.
- to expose to wind or air.
- to follow by the scent.
- to make short of wind or breath, as by vigorous exercise.
- to let recover breath, as by resting after exertion.
- to catch the scent or odor of game.
- bef. 900; Middle English (noun, nominal), Old English; cognate with Dutch, German Wind, Old Norse vindr, Gothic winds, Latin ventus
(wīnd),USA pronunciation v., wound or (Rare) wind•ed (wīn′did);USA pronunciation wind•ing;
- 1.See corresponding entry in Unabridged Wind, air, zephyr, breeze, blast, gust refer to a quantity of air set in motion naturally. Wind applies to any such air in motion, blowing with whatever degree of gentleness or violence. Air, usually poetical, applies to a very gentle motion of the air. Zephyr, also poetical, refers to an air characterized by its soft, mild quality. A breeze is usually a cool, light wind. Blast and gust apply to quick, forceful winds of short duration;
blast implies a violent rush of air, often a cold one, whereas a gust is little more than a flurry.
- 16.See corresponding entry in Unabridged flatulence.
- to change direction;
take a frequently bending course;
meander:The river winds through the forest.
- to have a circular or spiral course or direction.
- to coil or twine about something:The ivy winds around the house.
- to proceed circuitously or indirectly.
- to undergo winding or winding up.
- to be twisted or warped, as a board.
- to encircle or wreathe, as with something twined, wrapped, or placed about.
- to roll or coil (thread, string, etc.) into a ball, on a spool, or the like (often fol. by up).
- to remove or take off by unwinding (usually fol. by off or from):She wound the thread off the bobbin.
- to twine, fold, wrap, or place about something.
- to make (a mechanism) operational by tightening the mainspring with a key (often fol. by up):to wind a clock; to wind up a toy.
- to haul or hoist by means of a winch, windlass, or the like (often fol. by up).
- to make (one's or its way) in a bending or curving course:The stream winds its way through the woods.
- to make (one's or its way) by indirect, stealthy, or devious procedure:to wind one's way into another's confidence.
- wind down:
- to lessen in intensity so as to bring or come to a gradual end:The war is winding down.
- to calm down;
relax:He's too excited tonight to wind down and sleep.
- wind up:
- to bring to a state of great tension;
excite (usually used in the past participle):He was all wound up before the game.
- to bring or come to an end;
conclude:to wind up a sales campaign.
- to settle or arrange in order to conclude:to wind up one's affairs.
- to become ultimately:to wind up as a country schoolteacher.
- Sport[Baseball.](of a pitcher) to execute a windup.
- the act of winding.
- a single turn, twist, or bend of something wound:If you give it another wind, you'll break the mainspring.
- a twist producing an uneven surface.
- out of wind, (of boards, plasterwork, etc.) flat and true.
(wīnd, wind),USA pronunciation v.t., wind•ed or wound, wind•ing.
- bef. 900; Middle English winden, Old English windan; cognate with Dutch, German winden, Old Norse vinda, Gothic -windan; akin to wend, wander
- to blow (a horn, a blast, etc.).
- to sound by blowing.
- to signal or direct by blasts of the horn or the like.
West Indian.Also, W.Ind.
- 1375–1425; late Middle English; special use of wind1
Collins Concise English Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers::
wind up /waɪnd/ vb (adverb)
- to bring to or reach a conclusion: he wound up the proceedings
- (transitive) to tighten the spring of (a clockwork mechanism)
- (tr; usually passive) informal to make nervous, tense, etc; excite: he was all wound up before the big fight
- (transitive) to roll (thread, etc) into a ball
- an informal word for liquidate
- (intransitive) informal to end up (in a specified state): you'll wind up without any teeth
- (tr; usually passive) to involve; entangle: they were wound up in three different scandals
- (transitive) to hoist or haul up
- (transitive) Brit slang to tease (someone)
- the act of concluding
- the finish; end
- Brit slang an act or instance of teasing: she just thinks it's a big wind-up
'windup' also found in these entries: